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OSAA 2015-16 Handbook

CONSTITUTION.. 1

        1.     Article 1 – Name of Organization. 1

        2.     Article 2 – Object and Authority of the Organization. 1

        3.     Article 3 – Membership and Dues. 1

        4.     Article 4 – Delegate Assembly. 3

        5.     Article 5 –  Executive Board. 5

        6.     Article 6 – Classification of Schools. 8

        7.     Article 7 – Representative Districts. 11

        8.     Article 8 – Parliamentary Authority. 11

        9.     Article 9 – Standing Committees. 12

        10.  Article 10 – Amendments. 15

RULES – Athletic, Cheerleading and Dance/Drill 17

        1.     Rule 1 – Responsibility of the Member School and Principal 17

        2.     Rule 2 – Officials. 18

        3.     Rule 3 – Contests – Sportsmanship – Crowd Control 19

        4.     Rule 4 – Violations of Regulations – Protests and Self-Reported Violations. 21

        5.     Rule 5 – Violations of Regulations – Penalties. 21

        6.     Rule 6 – Association Sports/Activities. 23

        7.     Rule 7 – Out-of-Season and Non-School Activities. 26

        8.     Rule 8 – Individual Eligibility. 26

                8.1.  Academic Eligibility. 27

                8.2. Duration of Eligibility/Graduation. 30

                        8.2.4.  Fifth Year Hardship Appeals Procedure. 31

                8.3. Age. 33

                        8.3.1.  Age Hardship Appeals Procedure. 33

                8.4. Awards. 34

                8.5. School Representation. 36

                8.6. Transfer. 38

                        8.6.1.  Fundamental Rule. 38

                        8.6.2.  Eligible Student Transfer Certificate. 39

                        8.6.3.  Exceptions to Fundamental Rule. 39

                        8.6.4.  Continuity Requirement 42

                        8.6.5.  Transfers to a School with Affiliation. 42

                        8.6.6.  Mid-Year Transfers. 44

                        8.6.7.  Period of Ineligibility. 44

                        8.6.8.  Transfer Hardship Appeals Procedure. 44

                8.7. Undue Influence. 45

                8.8. Misrepresentation. 46

                8.9. Hardship. 46

                        8.9.1.  All Other Requests (Except Transfer, Fifth Year and Age Requests) 46

                8.10.  Definitions. 47

        9.     Rule 9 – Hearings Officer. 48

OSAA ELIGIBILITY FLOW CHART. 49

MUSIC RULES  50

SPEECH RULES  52

EXECUTIVE BOARD POLICIES. 53

        1.     AD HOC COMMITTEE PROCEDURES. 53

        2.     ADDING A NEW SPORT. 53

        3.     ADMINISTRATOR WORKSHOP ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT. 54

        4.     ATTACHED AND UNATTACHED COMPETITION / EXHIBITION.. 54

        5.     BAND FESTIVALS, BAND DAYS AND PERFORMANCES. 54

        6.     CAMPS – ATHLETIC CAMPS AND TEAM MEALS. 54

        7.     CAMPS – COMMERCIAL SUMMER CAMPS. 54

        8.     CERTIFICATION – ATHLETIC DIRECTORS AND COACHES. 55

        9.     CHARITABLE CAUSES. 56

        10.  CHEERLEADING – SQUAD SIZE LIMITATIONS. 56

        11.  CHEMICAL HEALTH POSITION.. 56

        12.  CLASSIFICATION – EMERGENCY TRANSFER. 57

        13.  CLASSIFICATION – PLAYING UP. 57

        14.  COED TEAMS. 57

        15.  CONCUSSION MANAGEMENT. 57

        16.  COOPERATIVE SPONSORSHIP. 58

        17.  DISTRICT AND SPECIAL DISTRICT COMMITTEES. 59

        18.  EJECTION POLICIES – COACH EJECTED; CONTEST FORFEITED.. 60

        19.  EJECTION POLICIES – EJECTED PLAYER OR COACH.. 60

        20.  EJECTION POLICIES – FINES. 62

        21.  EJECTION POLICIES – MULTIPLE EJECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL. 62

        22.  EJECTION POLICIES – PHYSICAL CONTACT WITH OFFICIAL. 62

        23.  ELIGIBILITY – CHEMAWA INDIAN SCHOOL. 62

        24.  ELIGIBILITY –  DISTRICT COMMITTEE. 63

        25.  ELIGIBILITY – FOREIGN STUDENTS. 63

        26.  ELIGIBILITY – HOME SCHOOL STUDENTS. 63

        27.  ELIGIBILITY – OREGON SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF. 64

        28.  ELIGIBILITY APPEAL FILING FEE. 65

        29.  ELIGIBILITY APPEALS BOARD.. 65

        30.  EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN . 65

        31.  ENDOWMENT GAMES. 65

        32.  EXCEPTIONS TO NFHS PLAYING RULES. 66

        33.  EXCESS REVENUE DISTRIBUTION.. 66

        34.  EXHIBITIONS. 67

        35.  FINANCING OPTIONS. 67

        36.  FOOTBALL – CLEATS. 68

        37.  FOOTBALL – 45-POINT RULE/ALTERNATIVE PLAN/RUNNING CLOCK. 68

        38.  FOOTBALL – LEAGUE PLAYOFF PROHIBITION.. 69

        39.  FOOTBALL – VIDEO EXCHANGE. 69

        40.  FORFEITS AND ADDITIONAL CONTESTS. 69

        41.  HEAT INDEX. 69

        42.  INCLEMENT WEATHER.

        43.  INDEPENDENT STATUS IN A SPORT.

        44.  INTERRUPTED CONTESTS. 71

        45.  LIGHTNING SAFETY GUIDELINES. 73

        46.  MEMBERSHIP IN THE OSAA. 73

        47.  MORATORIUM WEEK. 73

        48.  NEW SCHOOLS. 74

        49.  NON-DISCRIMINATION POLICY. 75

        50.  OFFICIALS – BACKGROUND CHECKS. 75

        51.  OFFICIALS – CERTIFIED REQUIREMENT. 75

        52.  OFFICIALS – HOST SCHOOL RESPONSIBILITIES. 76

        53.  OFFICIALS – MINIMUM CONFLICT OF INTEREST STANDARDS. 76

        54.  PRACTICE LIMITATION RULE. 76

        55.  PRACTICE MODEL. 81

        56.  RECORDS RETENTION.. 84

        57.  REPORTING SCHEDULES AND RESULTS. 84

        58.  SANCTIONING OF CONTESTS. 84

        59.  SCHOOL CLOSURE – STRIKE. 84

        60.  SCHOOL DELAYED OPENING OR EARLY CLOSURE – FINANCIAL. 86

        61.  SHARED FACILITIES. 86

        62.  SPECIAL ATHLETIC DISTRICTS – INCLUSION OF ALL MEMBER SCHOOLS IN SCHEDULE. 87

        63.  SPECIAL ATHLETIC DISTRICTS – PLACEMENT. 87

        64.  SPECTATOR CONDUCT AT OSAA SANCTIONED EVENTS. 87

        65.  SPORTSMANSHIP – CRITICISM OF SCHOOL REPRESENTATIVES OR OFFICIALS / JUDGES. 88

        66.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – ADOPTED BALL. 88

        67.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – BASKETBALL HALFTIME ENTERTAINMENT. 89

        68.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – FURLOUGH DAY. 89

        69.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS - HOME TEAM DESIGNATION.. 89

        70.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – INDIVIDUAL SPORT SUBSTITUTIONS. 89

        71.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – MEDICAL CHAIN OF COMMAND.. 91

        72.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – MODIFICATIONS TO ADDRESS CONFLICTS WITH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS. 92

        73.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – PEP BAND EXPECTATIONS. 92

        74.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – PRE-CONTEST PUBLIC PRAYER. 92

        75.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – RADIO, TELEVISION AND INTERNET BROADCASTS. 92

        76.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – RANKINGS. 93

        77.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – SUPPORT GROUP POLICIES. 95

        78.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – TEAM SIZE. 96

        79.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – TEAM UNABLE TO COMPETE. 96

        80.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – VIDEOTAPING.. 96

        81.  STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS – YEARLY EXECUTIVE BOARD REVIEW... 96

        82.  SUMMER POLICY. 96

        83.  TAUNTING POLICY. 98

        84.  TRANSGENDER STUDENT PARTICIPATION.. 98

        85.  UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS .. 99

        86.  WITHDRAWAL DURING A COMPETITION.. 99

        87.  WITHDRAWAL FROM STATE CHAMPIONSHIPS. 99

FOREIGN EXCHANGE PROGRAMS  (CSIET Advisory List  2015-2016) 100

PARTICIPATION LIMITATIONS. 108

        1.     GENERAL. 101

        2.     BASEBALL. 102

        3.     BASKETBALL. 102

        4.     CHEERLEADING.. 103

        5.     CROSS COUNTRY. 103

        6.     FOOTBALL. 103

        7.     GOLF  104

        8.     SOCCER. 104

        9.     SOFTBALL. 104

        10.  SWIMMING.. 105

        11.  TENNIS. 105

        12.  TRACK AND FIELD.. 105

        13.  VOLLEYBALL. 105

        14.  WRESTLING.. 107

OFFICIALS FEE SCHEDULE. 108

CONSTITUTION

The Oregon School Activities Association believes that interscholastic activities programs are essential to the education of youth, and therefore are an integral part of the school curriculum.  The values of high school activities and their impact upon the lives of Americans are immeasurable.  Not only do interscholastic activities benefit and directly influence participants, but they also instill pride and unifying spirit among students, fans, schools and communities throughout the nation.

The public and non-public high schools of Oregon voluntarily agreed to form the Oregon School Activities Association for the following purposes: (a) to formulate and make policies to promote high ideals of citizenship, fair competition, sportsmanship and teamwork which will complement the member schools’ curriculum programs; (b) to foster uniformity to standards in interscholastic activity competition; (c) to organize, develop, direct and regulate an interscholastic activity program which is equitable and will guide and promote the health and physical welfare of all participants.

1.       Article 1Name of Organization

1.1.       This organization shall be known as the Oregon School Activities Association (OSAA).

2.       Article 2Object and Authority of the Organization

2.1.       Object.  The object of the Association is to protect the interests of member schools and to regulate interscholastic activities that involve member schools from the State of Oregon.

2.2.       Authority.  The administration of rulings by the Executive Board shall be final, except for hardship eligibility appeals.

1.       Q.    Is the Oregon School Activities Association a relatively new organization?

A.      No.  The Association has had a continuous existence since 1918.

2.       Q.    Is Oregon unique in having an organization to supervise the interscholastic programs of high schools?

A.      No.  All states in the United States and several of the Canadian provinces have organizations with a similar objective.  All states in the United States and several Canadian provinces have banded together and formed the National Federation of State High School Associations with an executive office in Indianapolis, Indiana, that serves the entire United States through its press service, publication of Rules Books, distribution of video materials and in many other ways.

3.       Article 3Membership and Dues   See Executive Board Policies, “Membership in the OSAA” for additional information.

3.1.       Full Membership.                                                           (Membership Application – Full)

High schools within the State of Oregon, public or private, are eligible for full membership in the Association if they meet all of the following qualifications:

3.1.1.        Subscribe to the Articles, Rules, Executive Board Policies, Executive Board Interpretations, Participation Limitations, Sports Seasons, Plan Books, and Officials Fees (collectively, the Regulations) of the Association.

3.1.2.        Pay general membership dues and participation fees annually as established by the Executive Board.

3.1.3.        Offer a comprehensive curriculum, which meets Oregon graduation requirements.

3.1.4.        Serve a minimum of 10 students in grades 9-12 or 10-12.  A school with fewer than 10 students may be eligible for Associate Membership.

3.1.5.        Participate in at least one OSAA Activity each season, per gender to be eligible for OSAA state championship events.  Single gender schools would be exempt from this rule as long as they participate in at least one activity per season.  Schools may appeal this rule to the Executive Director on the basis of:

(a)      Good faith intent to participate in at least one OSAA Activity each season, per gender.

(b)     Tradition of offering at least one OSAA Activity each season, per gender.

(c)      Demonstrated inability to co-op activities with neighboring schools.

(d)     A submitted and approved plan for growth, addition or reinstatement of programs.

Schools may appeal the Executive Director’s decision to the OSAA Executive Board.

3.1.6.        Participate only against schools that are members of the OSAA or schools that are members of the member associations of the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) if the activity is sponsored by the OSAA, unless an exception is granted in writing by the Executive Director.

3.1.7.        EFFECTIVE AUGUST 1, 2016 – Assure that no financial assistance will be provided on the basis of a student's potential or participation in OSAA-sanctioned activities.  Need-based financial assistance will be based on an evaluation of information provided from an outside agency approved by the Executive Director.

3.1.8.        EFFECTIVE AUGUST 1, 2016 – Verify that if tuition is charged, it must be paid by the student’s parent or other family member.  If the student’s parent or other family member secures a loan for payment of the student’s tuition, it must remain an obligation of the student’s parent or other family member to repay the principal and interest in full.

Definition of Parent and Family Member.  For the purposes of this article, "parent" means the student’s custodial parent, non-custodial parent, foster parent or parent-in-law.  For purposes of this article, "family member" means spouse, brothers and sisters, aunts and uncles, or grandparents.

3.1.9.        Allow Association use of the school’s name, mascot and other identifying marks in Association-related activities including, but not limited to, television, promotion, licensing and merchandising programs.

EXCEPTION:  Schools for which application of these rules is inappropriate may apply to the Executive Board for an exemption from one or more of the qualifications by providing written justification for the exemption with the “Membership Application – Full.”

1.       Q.    How will initial eligibility for postseason play be determined each year?

A.      Initial postseason eligibility will be based on the previous year’s participation.

2.       Q.    If a school starts the year as a Full Member and is unable to participate by gender in one season, how will it affect the other seasons?

A.      By rule, the school would automatically be ineligible for OSAA state championship events in all activities for the remainder of the Association Year.

3.       Q.    If a school starts the year as a Full Member and is declared ineligible for OSAA state championship events may they still participate in other activities?

A.      Yes, a school may still participate in all regular season contests in all activities and must still follow all other rules and regulations of the OSAA.

3.2.       Associate Membership.                                     (Membership Application – Associate)

A private school, charter school or alternative school may be granted Associate membership if it meets the requirements of Article 3.1.  other than Articles 3.1.4., 3.1.5. and 3.1.6.  Associate member schools may not enter teams or individuals in OSAA events except as provided in Rule 8.5.1.(d).

3.3.       Dues.

3.3.1.        The Executive Board shall establish procedures relative to payment of membership dues and special fees for championships.

(a)   Full Membership Dues.  Full Member school dues are $750, plus $75 for each OSAA sponsored activity in which the school participates, payable on or before October 15 of each school year. 

(b)  Associate Membership Dues.  Associate Member school dues are based on the number of students attending the Associate Member school ($100 for 1-100 students; $250 for 101-500 students; $500 for 501+ students).  Associate Member school students are not eligible to practice or participate in a contest until the Associate Member school is listed on the OSAA website. 

3.3.2.        If a member brings an administrative or judicial challenge to a final determination of the Executive Board or the Eligibility Appeals Board, the member shall be assessed a surcharge in the next year of membership equal to the Association’s attorney fees and costs actually incurred in defending such action, whether at the administrative or trial court level or on appeal or discretionary review.

3.4.       Member Obligation.  Members of this Association shall be bound by the Regulations, standards, rulings and position papers of the Association and other decisions made by the Delegate Assembly and/or the Executive Board, and shall be bound to self-report any violations of the Regulations to the Executive Director.

Each full member school shall be a member of and subject to the rules of the district/league/conference to which it is assigned.  Such rules shall not supersede or conflict with the Regulations.  When there is such a conflict, the Regulations shall prevail.

Members of this Association have a responsibility to educate student participants, coaches and other appropriate persons about Association Regulations that could affect them.

1.       Q.    May a student or a team representing a member school in an activity in which the school is registered with the OSAA participate in an organized practice or contest against a student or a team of a college, university, community college, non-high school club, or alumni in contact sports (football, wrestling and soccer)?

A.      No.

2.       Q.    May a student or a team representing a member school in an activity in which the school is registered with the OSAA participate as a representative of the school in an organized practice or contest against a student or a team of a college, university, community college, non-high school club, or alumni in non-contact sports?

A.      No, unless approval is granted in writing by the Executive Director.

3.       Q.    Are home schools eligible for membership in the Association?

A.      No.  NOTE:  Home schooled students may be eligible at the public school or the private school in whose district their parents reside.  See Executive Board Policies, “Eligibility – Home School Students.

4.       Q.    May an associate member school form a team and participate against a team from another associate member school?

A.      Yes.

5.       Q.    May an associate member school form a team and participate against an OSAA full member school?

A.      No.  If an associate member school wishes to participate against OSAA full member schools, the associate member school would need to apply for and be granted full membership prior to competition.

6.       Q.    May an associate member school participate against a non-member school in OSAA activities?

A.      Yes.  Unlike full member schools that may not participate against non-member schools, associate member schools are permitted to participate against non-member schools.

4.       Article 4 – Delegate Assembly

4.1.       Composition.  The Delegate Assembly shall be composed of 43 representatives:

4.1.1.        Thirty-eight representatives elected by the members of regular athletic districts.

4.1.2.        An athletic director representative elected by the Oregon Athletic Directors Association.

4.1.3.        An activities director representative selected by the OSAA Student Activities Advisory Committee.

4.1.4.        A school boards representative elected by the Oregon School Boards Association.

4.1.5.        A non-voting advisory coach representative elected by the Oregon Athletic Coaches Association.

4.1.6.        A non-voting advisory official representative selected by the Oregon Athletic Officials Association.

4.1.7.        The Executive Director shall be an ex-officio, non-voting member of the Delegate Assembly.

4.2.       Qualifications.  To serve as a member of the Delegate Assembly, the athletic district representatives and the activities representative shall hold a current Oregon administrative license and shall be employed at a 0.49 FTE level or greater in a position that has at least some responsibility for secondary education and is at least equal in rank to the position of high school assistant principal at a school district of a full member school, or at a high school which is a full member of the Association.  The Oregon School Boards Association representative, the Oregon Athletic Directors Association representative, the advisory Oregon Athletic Coaches Association representative and the advisory Oregon Athletic Officials Association representative shall each be currently serving in the role being represented on the Delegate Assembly.

4.3.       Authority.

4.3.1.        The Delegate Assembly shall adopt Regulations and elect the President and the Executive Board of the Association.  The Delegate Assembly may adopt policies and positions for the Association.

4.3.2.        The Delegate Assembly may adopt or amend Articles of this Constitution, adopt or amend Rules of this Constitution, and amend or revoke Executive Board Policies, Participation Limitations, Sports Seasons Limitations, and/or Executive Board Interpretations, according to Article 10, Amendments.

4.4.       Elections.  Each Association regular athletic district (Article 7.1.) shall elect one representative to the Delegate Assembly.

4.4.1.        Each regular athletic district shall determine its own nominees who meet the qualifications of this office.

4.4.2.        The election shall be conducted by the superintendent chair of the regular athletic district committee.  The superintendent shall report the name of the representative to the executive director in writing by September 15.

4.4.3.        In case a vacancy arises in any regular athletic district following the election, the district shall elect a replacement within 30 calendar days.

4.4.4.        Any regular athletic district that has a representative on the Executive Board shall not conduct an election for the Delegate Assembly and the position shall be filled by the longest serving member of the Executive Board from that athletic district.

4.5.       Term of Office.  The term of office for members of the Delegate Assembly shall begin on September 15 and shall be for three years.  Members shall not serve more than two consecutive terms, except for a member who is elected to the Executive Board who may then serve until his/her term on the Executive Board expires.  A member who is appointed or elected to fill an unexpired term shall be eligible for up to two full three-year terms starting with the first meeting attended.  The term of office for the President of the Association shall be one year.  A President shall not serve more than one term as President.

A duly elected member of the Delegate Assembly whose position changes during the second half of the three-year term is eligible to complete the term of office if the new position retains some responsibility for secondary education and is at least equal in rank to the position of high school assistant principal and is within the same athletic district from which originally elected.

4.6.       Meetings.

4.6.1.        Regular Meetings.  The Delegate Assembly shall meet in October and in April.  Election of Executive Board members shall be held in April.

4.6.2.        Special Meetings.  Special meetings may be called when one-third (14) of the voting members of the Delegate Assembly petition for a special meeting of the Delegate Assembly.  The Executive Director shall poll all the Delegate Assembly members, and if two-thirds (28) of the voting Delegate Assembly members approve, a special meeting shall be called.

4.6.3.        Quorum.  A quorum shall consist of a majority (21) of the total voting membership of the Delegate Assembly.

4.6.4.        Voting Body.  Only voting members of the Delegate Assembly in attendance shall be entitled to vote.  Proxy voting is not permissible.

4.6.5.        Presiding Officers.  The Delegate Assembly shall be presided over by the President of the Association, who shall be a member of the Executive Board.  In the absence of the President, the Vice-President of the Executive Board shall preside.

4.6.6.        Public Testimony.  Any representative (administrator, athletic director, coach/activity supervisor) from a member school shall have a voice without a vote at the Delegate Assembly and shall be recognized by the chair according to procedures established by the chair.

1.       Q.    May an assistant superintendent serve as a member of the Delegate Assembly and/or as a member of the Executive Board?

A.    Yes.

2.       Q.    May an assistant principal serve as a member of the Delegate Assembly and/or as a member of the Executive Board?

A.    Yes.

5.       Article 5 –  Executive Board

5.1.       Composition.  The Executive Board shall be composed of 13 elected members and shall consist of one representative from each classification, one 6A/5A/4A at-large representative appointed by the Executive Board, one 3A/2A/1A at-large representative appointed by the Executive Board, a representative of the Oregon School Boards Association, a representative of the Oregon Athletic Directors Association, an activities director representative, a non-voting advisory coach representative of the Oregon Athletic Coaches Association, and a non-voting advisory official representative of the Oregon Athletic Officials Association.

5.1.1.        The 6A/5A/4A and 3A/2A/1A at-large representatives shall be appointed by the members of the Executive Board prior to the term of office to be filled.  Criteria to be considered by the Executive Board in making these appointments may include, among others, geographic, gender and ethnic representation on the Executive Board.

5.1.2.        The representative of the Oregon School Boards Association (OSBA) shall be elected by his/her organization.

5.1.3.        An athletic director representative shall be elected by the Oregon Athletic Directors Association (OADA).

5.1.4.        An activities director representative shall be selected by the OSAA Student Activities Advisory Committee.

5.1.5.        A coach representative shall be elected by the Oregon Athletic Coaches Association (OACA). 

5.1.6.        An officials' representative shall be selected by the Oregon Athletic Officials Association (OAOA).

5.1.7.        The Executive Director shall be an ex-officio, non-voting member of the Executive Board.

5.2.       Qualifications.

5.2.1.        To serve as a member of the Executive Board, the classification representatives and the activities representative shall hold a current Oregon administrative license and shall be employed at a 0.49 FTE level or greater in a position that has at least some responsibility for secondary education and is at least equal in rank to the position of high school assistant principal at a school district of a full member school, or at a high school which is a full member of the Association.  The Oregon School Boards Association representative, the Oregon Athletic Directors Association representative, the advisory Oregon Athletic Coaches Association representative and the advisory Oregon Athletic Officials Association representative shall each be currently serving in the role being represented on the Executive Board.

A duly elected or appointed member of the Executive Board whose position changes during the second of his/her three-year terms is eligible to complete the term of office if the new position retains some responsibility for secondary education and is at least equal in rank to the position of high school assistant principal and is within the same classification(s) from which originally elected.

5.2.2.        If a member of the Executive Board is an elected member of the Executive Committee of the NFHS and his/her term on the Association Executive Board has expired, the member shall remain on the Executive Board as a non-voting, member-at-large, as long as he/she remains a member of said National Executive Committee.

5.2.3.        To be elected President of the Association by the Delegate Assembly, a person shall be a member of the Executive Board.

5.3.       Authority.

5.3.1.        The Executive Board shall manage the business and affairs of the Association and shall have the authority to:

(a)           Establish operational guidelines and determine the investments for the Association.

(b)           Exercise control over all OSAA-sponsored activities and contests between schools that are members of the Association.

(c)            Exercise control over all state championships and approve contest officials and related fees for such.

(d)           Set Mileage Reimbursement Rate(s) for all Association business and activities.

(e)           Approve invitational meets, contests and activities.

(f)            Determine penalties for violations by member schools, their employees, representatives and/or students of Association Regulations.

(g)           Determine penalties for violations by certified officials of the Regulations.                                                      See Rule 2.4, “Prohibited Conduct” for additional information.

(h)           Make rulings applicable to eligibility requirements.

(i)             Administer the rules contained in each activity’s plan book.

(j)             Administer the Regulations, which shall govern each student who represents his/her school in any interscholastic activity and the conduct of each official.

(k)           Make investigations relative to the violation of the Regulations.  If charges are brought against any school for violation of the Regulations, or violation of the spirit of fair play and good sportsmanship, the Executive Board shall consider such charges and determine and assess penalties in case of conviction.  Any school or official charged with a violation of the Regulations shall be given an opportunity to be represented at the hearing of its case before the Executive Board.

(l)             Appoint special committees to assist in the arrangements and supervision of various activities and contests.

(m)         Approve or deny applications for membership in the Association.

(n)           Adopt or amend Executive Board Policies, Participation Limitations, Sports Seasons Limitations, Executive Board Interpretations and the OSAA Athletic Officials Handbook all of which shall have the binding force and effect of Rules adopted by the Delegate Assembly, but which may be adopted and amended without reference to Article 10 of this Constitution.

(o)           Divide the state into athletic districts, special athletic districts and activities districts, and assign member schools to said districts for the purpose of administration, championships and meets.

(p)           Adopt interim Regulations in the event the Legislature or a court ruling invalidates a portion of the OSAA Handbook.

(q)           Approve the annual operating budget of the Association.

(r)            Take any other action authorized by the Delegate Assembly.

(s)            Take any action it deems necessary to comply with federal or state law, or rules of the State Board of Education.

1.       Q.    Are protests against the decision of an official in a game reviewed by the Executive Board?

A.    No.  The Executive Board will not review the decisions of officials whether due to ignorance of the rules or errors in judgment.  The competing schools must accept, without protest, the rulings of the officials who have been approved by the competing schools to have full charge of the contest.

2.       Q.    Will the Executive Board hear protests based upon the application of the rules of any particular sport or protests that involve judgment on the part of game official?

A.    No.

3.       Q.    Will the Executive Board hear protests based upon the conduct of an official that violates the Regulations or the Prohibited Conduct?

A.    Yes.

5.4.       Election.  Members shall be elected to the Executive Board by a majority vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting at the regular April meeting.  Newly elected and appointed members shall assume office July 15 following their election or appointment.

5.5.       Terms of Office.  The term of office for a member of the Executive Board shall be three years.  A member shall not serve more than two consecutive terms.  A member who is elected to fill a vacancy shall be eligible for up to two full three-year terms starting with the first meeting after election.  The term of office for the President and for the Vice President shall commence on July 15 following their election and shall be for one year only.

5.6.       Meetings.  The Executive Board shall meet at least four times per year, as follows:  September, December, February and May.  In addition, the Executive Board shall meet in October once every four years to approve or disapprove revisions proposed by the Classification and Districting Committee.  The Executive Board may confer and take action by telephone conference call, by other media or by mail ballots.

5.6.1.        Six affirming votes (a majority of the voting members of the full Executive Board) shall be required in order for the Executive Board to take action on a main motion regardless of the number of Executive Board members in attendance at that meeting.

5.6.2.        Any representative, e.g., administrator, athletic director, coach/activity supervisor, from a member school shall have a voice without a vote at an Executive Board meeting and shall be recognized by the chair according to procedures established by the chair, unless the Executive Board determines that it is appropriate to meet in executive session.

5.7.       Summer Meeting Attendance.  Executive Board members are eligible to attend NFHS Summer Meetings representing the Association after their first year serving on the Executive Board.  Individual Executive Board member eligibility for NFHS Summer Meeting attendance expires when the member vacates his/her Executive Board position.

5.8.       Vacancy.

5.8.1.        A vacancy shall be declared by the Executive Director when any member of the Executive Board resigns, moves from the area or classification he/she represents, no longer serves in a position described in Article 5.1., dies or becomes incapacitated, withdraws or otherwise becomes disqualified from the teaching profession, or when there is a lapse of membership or suspension of the school employing said member.

5.8.2.        A vacancy may be filled, if it occurs more than 90 days prior to the next regularly scheduled Delegate Assembly meeting, by appointment by the remaining members of the Executive Board.  Such appointment shall be temporary, and the appointee will serve until the next meeting of the Delegate Assembly, at which time all temporary appointments shall be filled by election.

5.9.       Presiding Officers.  The President of the Association also shall serve as President of and preside over the Executive Board.  A Vice President shall be elected by the Executive Board from its own membership, and shall preside over the Executive Board in the absence of the President of the Association.

5.10.    Executive Director.  The Executive Board shall have the authority to hire the Executive Director, to determine the salaries, employment conditions and location of the office.  The Executive Director's duties shall be to:

5.10.1.    Supervise and evaluate employees of the Association.

5.10.2.    Collect and disburse the funds of the Association.

5.10.3.    Supervise the Association business.

5.10.4.    Interpret and implement the Regulations of the Association.

5.10.5.    Perform other duties as defined by the Executive Board.

5.10.6.    Adopt reasonable policies and rules to conduct Association business.

1.       Q.    Do Executive Board members represent athletic districts?

A.    No, they represent all schools but are selected based upon their classification and region.

6.               Article 6 – Classification of Schools.  See Executive Board Policies, “Classification – Emergency Transfer” for additional information.

6.1.       Assignment of schools to classifications and districts for a four-year time block.

6.1.1.        A Classification and Districting Committee shall be established to gather information and make recommendations to the Executive Board regarding classifications and districts for the four-year time block.  See OSAA Constitution, Article 9.2., “Classification and Districting Committee” and                     Executive Board Policies, “Classification – Emergency Transfers” for additional information.

6.1.2.        When initially assigning a school to a classification at the beginning of a four-year time block, the Executive Board may consider evidence submitted by that school concerning its potential enrollment during the four-year time block.  See Executive Board Policies, “Classification – Playing Up” for additional information.

6.1.3.        The Executive Board shall approve or disapprove all classification changes at its quadrennial October Classification and Districting meeting.  Classification changes will become effective at the start of the 2002-03 Association Year and every four years thereafter.

6.1.4.        Associate Member schools shall be neither classified nor assigned to an athletic district.

6.2.       Changes in classification during a four-year time block.

6.2.1.        The Executive Board may make what it considers a necessary change or changes in classification either up or down during a four-year time block. In addition, the Executive Board may, in its sole discretion, change the league assignment of a school or schools if such change is warranted because of a change in classification of another school.

6.2.2.        The process for changes in classification during a four-year time block shall be as follows:

(a)           After a school has been placed in a classification for a four-year time block and the school exceeds the upper enrollment limit for its classification, the school shall be subject to review by the Executive Board for possible placement in the next higher classification for the remainder of the time block.

(b)           After a school has been placed in a classification for a four-year time block and the school falls below the lower enrollment limit for its classification, the school may petition the Executive Board for emergency placement in the next lower classification for the remainder of the time block.

(c)            After a school has been placed in a classification for a four-year time block based upon a request to the Classification and Districting Committee to “play up” to a higher classification than required by the ADM for that school, that classification placement may not be reviewed by the Executive Board during the four-year time block unless there is a significant drop in enrollment due to factors beyond the control of the school as determined by the Executive Board.

6.2.3.        The Executive Board shall consider classification changes during the four-year time block only at the annual December Executive Board meeting.

6.2.4.        Classification of Schools – Classification Thresholds.  During the four-year time block, the following Average Daily Membership (ADM) thresholds will be used by the Executive Board when considering school placement or classification changes:

6A:  1258 or more

5A:  676 to 1257

4A:  331 to 675

3A:  191 to 330

2A:  90 to 190

1A:  10 to 89

EXCEPTION:  OSAA member schools shall participate based upon ADM in the classifications defined in this Article unless an exception has been granted by the Executive Board in response to the submission of a Petition to Play Down or to Play Up.

(a)     Petition to Play Down                                         (Petition to Play Down)

(1)     Submission Deadline.  Except as specified in Article 6.2.2 (c), a member school seeking to play in a lower classification than assigned under Article 6.2.4 shall be required to complete and submit a Petition to Play Down to the OSAA prior to June 1 preceding the quadrennial October Classification and Districting Meeting.

(2)     Sports and Activities Affected.  Any Petition to Play Down granted by the Executive Board shall apply to all OSAA sports and activities in which the member school participates.

(3)     Duration.  Any Petition to Play Down granted by the Executive Board shall apply to the classification placement of the petitioning member school during the entire subsequent four-year time block.

(4)     Required Information.  A member school submitting a Petition to Play Down shall provide the following information for consideration by the Executive Board.  Petitioning schools that meet all four criteria listed below shall be automatically approved.  Schools meeting some but not all criteria will have their petition reviewed by the Executive Board:

a)       Documentation showing the school’s percentage of students on free lunch at 50% or higher.

b)       Documentation showing that the school’s teams finished in the bottom 50% of the final frozen rankings at their current classification at least 75% of the time for the previous three years.

c)        Documentation showing that the school’s teams finished in the bottom 20% of the final frozen rankings at their current classification at least 50% of the time for the previous three years.

d)       Documentation showing that the winning percentage for the school’s teams in team sports was 25% or less at least 40% of the time for the previous three years.

(5)     Additional Information.  A member school submitting a Petition to Play Down may provide any other information to the Executive Board in support of the Petition including, but not limited to, evidence of intervention undertaken by the district in an effort to encourage address lack of competitive success and a letter of current league support for the Petition to Play Down.

(b)    Petition to Play Up                                                    (Petition to Play Up)

(1)     Submission Deadline.  A member school seeking to play in a higher classification than assigned under Article 6.2.4 shall be required to complete and submit a Petition to Play Up to the OSAA prior to June 1 preceding the quadrennial October Classification and Districting Meeting.

(2)     Sports and Activities Affected.  Any Petition to Play Up granted by the Executive Board shall apply to all OSAA sports and activities in which the member school participates.

(3)     Duration.  Any Petition to Play Up granted by the Executive Board shall apply to the classification placement of the petitioning member school during the entire subsequent four-year time block.  See Executive Board Policies, “Classification – Playing Up” for additional information.

6.3.       Computation of ADM.  A school’s ADM for the purpose of classification shall include the school’s base number minus the school’s SES factor.

6.3.1.        Base Number.  A school’s base number shall include the following:

(a)      Public High Schools.

(1)     ADM for grades 9-12 as reported by the Oregon Department of Education for the previous school year, plus

(2)     All students that participated for the school in the previous school year that did not attend the school (home school students, Associate Member school students, and students at private schools that do not offer an activity). 

(b)     Private High Schools.

(1)     ADM for grades 9-12 as reported by the private school to the OSAA (average of actual enrollment for four dates during the previous school year)

(2)     All students that participated for the school in the previous school year that did not attend your school (home school students)

NOTE: For a non-coeducational school, the ADM shall be doubled to determine the classification figure.

6.3.2.        SES Factor.  A school’s socioeconomic (SES) factor shall be subtracted from a school’s base number to create an adjusted base number.  The SES factor shall be determined by:

(a)     Public Schools.  Using the school’s free lunch number as reported by the Oregon Department of Education, multiplied by 25%.

(b)     Private Schools.  Using the school’s free lunch number as reported by the private school to the OSAA, multiplied by 25%.  The OSAA shall verify that private schools are following the same household size and income guidelines required by the Oregon Department of Education.

6.4.       Competing Outside the Assigned Classification.  A school may choose to compete outside its assigned classification in any sport but will not be eligible for district or state honors outside its assigned classification in that sport.

6.5.       Cooperative SponsorshipCooperative sponsorship of an activity by two or more schools may be considered following procedures established by the Executive Board.  See Executive Board Policies, “Cooperative Sponsorship” for additional information.

6.5.1.        Only full member schools may apply for cooperative sponsorship.  Schools requesting cooperative sponsorship should make every effort to co-sponsor an activity with the nearest school that also has difficulty sponsoring the activity by itself.  Cooperative sponsorship shall be considered only for 4A, 3A, 2A and 1A schools.

EXCEPTION:  The Executive Board also may approve cooperative sponsorship involving 4A, 3A, 2A or 1A schools with a 6A or 5A school if the 4A, 3A, 2A or 1A schools are located in an isolated area or are unable to find a closer 4A, 3A, 2A or 1A school willing to enter into a cooperative sponsorship agreement, or if the two schools are physically housed in the same building where students take classes together.

6.5.2.        Classification placement for the requested activity will be determined by the total combined ADM in grades 9 through 12 of the schools involved.

EXCEPTION:  If the total combined ADM in grades 9 through 12 causes the cooperative team to qualify for a higher classification, the schools requesting permission for a cooperative team may petition the Executive Board for an exception to this provision.  Factors that may be considered by the Executive Board when evaluating a petition for an exception may include, but are not limited to, number of participants from each school, how much the combined ADM exceeds the classification threshold, and geographic considerations.

1.       Q.    If a school is interested in changing classifications, how should it proceed?

A.      The school should petition the Executive Board for a change in its placement on or before November 1 of the school year prior to the year in which the change would take effect.

2.       Q.    May a school qualify for district and state honors outside its assigned classification in selected activities?

A.      No.

3.       Q.    If an application for cooperative sponsorship is granted for multiple years and the cooperating schools choose not to cooperatively sponsor a team during any year of the agreement, is it necessary to reapply for permission to cooperatively sponsor a team during the remaining term of the agreement?

A.      Yes.  The application for cooperative sponsorship must be resubmitted using the most recent available ADM figures.

7.       Article 7 – Representative Districts

7.1.       Regular and Special Athletic Districts.  The high schools of the state shall be divided into six regular athletic districts for 6A, five regular athletic districts for 5A, seven regular athletic districts for 4A, six regular athletic districts for 3A, six regular athletic districts for 2A and eight regular athletic districts for  1A as follows:

7.1.1.        6A: Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

5A: Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

4A: Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

3A: Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

2A: Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

1A: Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

7.1.2.        Special athletic districts may be established or changed by the Executive Board for activities wherein not enough schools participate.  See Executive Board Policies, “Special Athletic Districts – Placement” for additional information.

7.2.       Assignment of schools to a district for a four-year time block.

7.2.1.        A school may petition for a change from its assigned regular athletic district at the end of a four-year time block.

7.2.2.        The Executive Board shall approve or disapprove all changes in regular athletic districts at its quadrennial October meeting.  Each application shall be voted upon individually.  Regular athletic district changes shall become effective the following Association Year.

7.3.       Changes in district assignments during a four-year time block.  The Executive Board may, at its discretion, make what it considers a necessary change or changes to district assignments during a four-year time block.

1.       Q.    May a school assigned to a district compete in an Independent Status in a particular sport?

A.    Full member school teams must participate in the league adopted schedule for each sport they sponsor unless a “Petition for Independent Status” has been granted by the Executive Board.  See                                                            Executive Board Policies, “Independent Status in a Sport” for additional information.

8.       Article 8 – Parliamentary Authority

8.1.       The Delegate Assembly shall determine the parliamentary authority that will govern it in all parliamentary situations that are not provided in law or the Regulations of the Association.

9.       Article 9 – Standing Committees

9.1.       Budget Committee

9.1.1.        Charge.  The Committee shall prepare a yearly Association budget for presentation to the Executive Board for approval at the May Executive Board meeting.

9.1.2.        Composition.  The Committee shall consist of one 6A/5A, one 4A/3A and one 2A/1A school member from the Delegate Assembly; one 6A/5A, one 4A/3A and one 2A/1A school superintendent, assistant superintendent, high school principal or high school assistant principal not a member of the Delegate Assembly; one athletic director representative; one activities director representative; one coach representative; one officials representative; one representative of the Oregon School Boards Association; and the Executive Director of the Association.  In addition, the Executive Board shall appoint a chair.

9.1.3.        Term.  Members of the Committee shall serve three-year non-renewable terms.  The Chair shall also serve a three-year term, but may be a former committee member.  A membership rotation schedule for the committee shall be established in which approximately one-third of the members shall be replaced each year.

9.1.4.        Meetings.  The Committee shall meet annually in April.

9.2.       Classification and Districting Committee

9.2.1.        Charge.  The Committee shall make recommendations to the Executive Board regarding classifications and districts for the upcoming four-year time block.  The duties and responsibilities of the Committee shall be:

(a)           To hold public hearings and provide correspondence to interested parties regarding classifications and districts for the upcoming four-year time block.

(b)           To receive testimony from any school or other interested party, including information on the numbers of students currently enrolled in grades 8, 7 and 6.

(c)            To make recommendations to the Executive Board regarding classifications and districts and enrollment limits for the upcoming four-year time block.

(d)           To consider the following criteria, among any others they deem relevant, for recommending placement of schools in athletic districts:

(1)     The Committee must first consider and address the following four criteria before considering supplemental criteria:

a)       Safety of student participants and spectators, parents and other spectators, and school and other personnel;

b)       Minimizing loss of student instructional time;

c)        Minimizing the expenditure of school district and student and parent participant funds;

d)       School enrollment data.

(2)     The Committee may also consider the following criteria, in addition to any others they deem relevant:

a)       School preference;

b)       Creation of similar sized leagues;

c)        Placement of schools within the same school district and classification in the same league;

d)       Scheduling problems;

e)       Athletic district history;

f)        Move as few schools as possible.

(3)     All schools within a single school district that are in the same size classification (including those smaller schools that have elected to play up with schools in a larger classification) shall be assigned to the same district unless the school board of the affected school district agrees to a different assignment prior to June 1 preceding the quadrennial October Classification and Districting meeting.

9.2.2.        Composition.  Committee membership shall mirror the Executive Board.  Each classification and affiliated organization represented on the Executive Board shall be represented by an appointment to the Committee.

The Vice President of the Executive Board shall serve as an ex-officio, non-voting member of the Committee.

9.2.3.        Term.  Members of the Committee shall serve through one review cycle, and may be reappointed to subsequent committees at the discretion of the Executive Board.  The Committee recommendations shall be made to the Executive Board within the school year prior to the changes being implemented.

9.2.4.        Meetings.  The Committee shall adopt a schedule of meetings based upon the issues under consideration.  The schedule shall include an appropriate number of meetings in which to conduct the business of the Committee and may include travel to several venues.

9.3.       Sports Medicine Advisory Committee

9.3.1.        Charge.  The Committee’s primary purpose is to ensure the health and safety of student-athletes who participate in OSAA sponsored activities.

9.3.2.        Composition.  The Committee membership includes physicians from various fields of practice, athletic trainers and OSAA staff.  Members are selected based upon interest and expertise, with geographic representation a consideration.

9.3.3.        Term.  Committee members serve at the request of the OSAA Executive Director and have no predetermined term limits.

9.3.4.        Meetings.  The Committee shall convene as necessary to address concerns and make recommendations to the Executive Board.

9.4.       Sportsmanship Committee

9.4.1.        Charge.  The Committee shall serve in an advisory capacity relative to the issue of sportsmanship.  The priority of this guidance is insuring the opportunity for students, coaches and officials to perform in safe, civil environments, and to demonstrate the educational values inherent in high school activities. 

9.4.2.        Composition.  The Committee shall consist of representatives to include one member of the Oregon Athletic Coaches Association, two athletics directors, two activities directors, one official’s representative, one principal/superintendent and one Oregon School Boards Association representative.

9.4.3.        Term.  Members of the Committee shall serve a three-year non-renewable term.  Attention will be paid to the term limit rotation to insure balance between experienced members and new members.

9.4.4.        Meetings.  The Committee shall convene as necessary to address concerns and make recommendations to the Executive Board.

9.5.       State Championship Committee

9.5.1.        Charge.  The Committee shall review championship formats, participation policies and issues relative to the administration of OSAA State Championships.  The Committee may forward recommendations for format modifications to the Executive Board, and recommendations for changes in number of State Championships to the Delegate Assembly.

9.5.2.        Composition.  Committee membership shall mirror the Executive Board.  Each classification, region and interest group represented on the Executive Board shall be represented by an appointment to the Committee.

9.5.3.        Term.  Members of the Committee shall serve through one review cycle, and may be reappointed to subsequent committees at the discretion of the Executive Board.  The Committee recommendations shall be made to the Executive Board within the school year prior to the changes being implemented.

9.5.4.        Meetings.  The Committee shall adopt a schedule of meetings based upon the issues under consideration.  The schedule shall include an appropriate number of meetings in which to conduct the business of the Committee and may include travel to several venues.  The Executive Board may convene the Committee at other times if, in the opinion of the Executive Board, the need arises.

9.6.       Student Activities Advisory Committee

9.6.1.        Charge.  The Committee shall serve as a conduit for open communication among representatives of the activities and the school representatives and staff of the OSAA.  The Committee shall not be a policy making body, but shall serve in an advisory capacity to the Executive Board, Delegate Assembly and staff of the OSAA.  The Executive Board will not consider any recommendations from the Dance Drill Coaches Association (DDCA), Oregon Cheerleading Coaches Association (OCCA), Oregon High School Speech League Coaches Association (OHSSLCA) and Oregon Music Educators Association (OMEA) without the support of the Committee. 

9.6.2.        Composition.  The Committee shall be composed of two representatives of each of the OSAA sponsored activities – cheer, dance, music and speech.

                Committee members shall be current high school employees.  The Activities Representative to the OSAA Executive Board shall be an ex-officio member of the Committee.

9.6.3.        Term.  The term of office for a member of the Committee shall be three years.  A member shall not serve more than two consecutive terms.  A member who is elected to fill a vacancy shall be eligible for up to two full three-year terms starting with the first meeting after election. 

9.6.4.        Meetings.  The OSAA shall establish a calendar for the Committee to meet a maximum of three times yearly in October, January and May.

9.7.       Fee Review Committee

9.7.1.        Charge.  The Fee Review Committee (FRC) shall consider only items involving fees paid to individual officials, commissioners or Local Associations.  This includes game fees, per diem, check writing fees, commissioner fees, or any other type of service fee provided collectively called Fees, and the Association Mileage Reimbursement Rate(s).

The Committee shall forward recommendations regarding regular season Fees to the Delegate Assembly, and shall forward recommendations regarding State Championship Fees and the Association Mileage Reimbursement Rate(s) to the Executive Board.

9.7.2.        Composition.  The FRC shall be a standing committee consisting of three representatives of the Oregon Athletic Directors Association (OADA) Executive Board, three representatives of the Oregon Athletic Officials Association (OAOA) Executive Board, one representative of the OSAA Executive Board, and the OSAA Executive Director as a non-voting member.

9.7.3.        Term.  The OADA and OAOA will each be responsible to define the process by which their representatives will be selected and the term lengths they will serve.

9.7.4.        Meetings.  The FRC shall meet as requested by the OSAA Executive Board.  The FRC shall determine a schedule of no fewer than three meetings, which shall allow the opportunity for public input. 

9.8.       Rankings Committee

9.8.1.        Charge.  The Committee shall review the ranking system including, but not limited to, the type of system(s) utilized, results to be included, home/away designation, rankings timelines, breaking ties and placement of teams on state championship brackets.  The Committee may forward recommendations for modifications to the OSAA Executive Board.

9.8.2.        Composition.  The Committee shall consist of four representatives of the Oregon Athletic Directors Association (OADA), four representatives of the Oregon Athletic Coaches Association (OACA) and one representative of the OSAA Executive Board.

9.8.3.        Term.  Members of the Committee shall serve a three-year term.  A member shall not serve consecutive terms.  Attention will be paid to the term limit rotation to insure balance between experienced members and new members.

9.8.4.        Meetings.  The Committee shall adopt an annual schedule of meetings based upon the issues under consideration.  The schedule shall include an appropriate number of meetings in which to conduct the business of the Committee.

10.   Article 10 – Amendments

10.1.    The Articles of the Constitution of this Association may be amended by three-fourths vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot, provided the following conditions are met:

10.1.1.    The proposed Article amendment is signed by four school superintendents, assistant superintendents, high school principals and/or high school assistant principals.  Each signee must be a member of a different Delegate Assembly district from any other signee.  The Executive Board also may sponsor Article amendments.

10.1.2.    The proposed Article amendment is submitted by superintendents, assistant superintendents, high school principals or high school assistant principals whose schools are members of the Association, or by the Executive Board.

10.1.3.    The Executive Director shall receive all proposals and distribute them to all member schools at least 15 calendar days prior to a meeting of the Delegate Assembly or distribution of the written ballot.

10.1.4.    The proposed Article amendment contains the exact wording.

10.1.5.    A statement setting forth its merits accompanies said proposal.

10.2.    Any amendment to a proposed amendment for an Article of the Constitution requires a two-thirds favorable vote for approval by the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot.

10.3.    The Articles of the Constitution may also be amended effective immediately without prior notice to member schools if the amendment is adopted by a unanimous vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting, or by unanimous written consent.

10.4.    Amendments to the Articles of the Constitution shall become effective August 1 following their adoption unless a specific date is included in the amendment.

10.5.    The Rules of the Constitution of this Association may be amended by a majority vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot, provided the following conditions are met:

10.5.1.    The proposed Rule amendment is signed by four school superintendents, assistant superintendents, high school principals and/or high school assistant principals.  Each signee must be a member of a different Delegate Assembly district from any other signee.  The Executive Board also may sponsor amendments.

10.5.2.    The proposed Rule amendment is submitted by a superintendents, assistant superintendents, high school principals or high school assistant principals whose schools are members of the Association, or by the Executive Board.

10.5.3.    The Executive Director shall receive all proposals and distribute them to all member schools at least 15 calendar days prior to a meeting of the Delegate Assembly.

10.6.    An amendment to a proposed amendment of a Rule of the Constitution shall require a majority favorable vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot in order to be approved.

10.7.    Amendments to the Rules of the Constitution may be approved without prior notice to member schools by a two-thirds vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting, or by written ballot.

10.8.    Amendments to the Rules of the Constitution shall become effective immediately unless a specific date is included in the amendment.

10.9.    The Delegate Assembly may amend or revoke Executive Board Policies, Participation Limitations, Sports Seasons Limitations and/or Executive Board Interpretations using the same procedures and satisfying the same timelines as listed in this Article for amendment of the Rules of the Constitution.

10.10.The Executive Board may authorize non-substantive editorial changes in the wording of the Articles and Rules without review by the Delegate Assembly.

1.       Q.    When are proposed amendments to the OSAA Constitution due in the OSAA office for consideration by the Delegate Assembly?

A.      A proposed amendment to an Article or Rule is due 15 days prior to the Delegate Assembly meeting.

2.       Q.    When do amendments to the OSAA Constitution become effective after being passed by the Delegate Assembly?

A.      An amendment to the Articles in the Constitution becomes effective the following August 1, unless otherwise specified.  An amendment to the Rules in the Constitution becomes effective immediately upon adoption unless another date is specified.

2015-2016 AMENDMENT DEADLINE DATES

In order to be considered at the October 19, 2015, Delegate Assembly Meeting, proposed amendments must be received by the OSAA by October 2, 2015.

In order to be considered at the April 11, 2016, Delegate Assembly Meeting, proposed amendments must be received by the OSAA by March 25, 2016.

 


RULES – Athletic, Cheerleading and Dance/Drill

In accordance with its rule making authority under Article 4.3. of the OSAA Constitution, the Delegate Assembly has adopted the following Rules, which shall govern each official, athletic district and student who represents his/her school in any interscholastic activity sponsored by the Association.  These Rules regulate only the interscholastic activities sponsored by the Association. 

1.       Rule 1 – Responsibility of the Member School and  Principal

1.1.       Responsibility for Control Generally.  It is the responsibility of each member school to control its athletics and activities programs in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Association.  The high school principal is responsible for the administration of all aspects of the athletics and activities programs.

1.2.       Scope of Responsibilities.  The member school’s responsibility for the conduct of its athletics and activities programs includes responsibility for the actions of its staff members, students, and coaches (paid or volunteer), and for the actions of any other individual or organization engaged in activities promoting the athletics or activities interests of the school.

1.3.       Certification of Student Eligibility.  The high school principal shall be held accountable for accurate certification regarding eligibility of students.

1.4.       Athletic Director and Coach Certification.  The high school principal shall be held accountable for verifying that athletic directors and coaches of all sports sanctioned by OSAA, plus Cheerleading and Dance/Drill, have been certified in the following areas prior to assuming duties as an athletic director or coach.  The Executive Board may adopt additional certification requirements for athletic directors and coaches.  EXCEPTION: Any emergency exception must be authorized in writing by the OSAA.                                                             See Executive Board Policies, “Certification – Athletic Directors and Coaches” for additional certification requirements for football, cheerleading and dance/drill coaches.

a)                   NFHS Fundamentals of Coachinghttp://nfhslearn.com/

The OSAA requires that athletic directors and coaches must achieve a passing score on the test included with the NFHS Fundamentals of Coaching course.  This is a one-time requirement.

b)                   Concussion Recognition and Management Traininghttp://nfhslearn.com/

The OSAA and Oregon State Law (ORS 336.485) requires that athletic directors and coaches receive training to learn how to recognize the symptoms of a concussion and how to seek proper medical treatment for a person suspected of having a concussion.  The NFHS’s Concussion in Sports free course satisfies this requirement.  This training is required annually. 

c)                    NFHS Heat Illness Preventionhttp://nfhslearn.com/

The OSAA requires that athletic directors and coaches must achieve a passing score on the test included with the NFHS’s Heat Illness Prevention free course.  This is an every other year requirement.

d)                                       Anabolic Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Substances Traininghttp://www.ode.state.or.us/search/page/?=2571

The OSAA and Oregon State Law (ORS 342.726) requires that athletic directors and coaches receive training on identifying the components of anabolic steroid abuse and use and prevention strategies for the use of performance-enhancing substances.  This training is required once every four years. 

1.5.       Trips.  The high school principal, or the high school principal's authorized representative, shall accompany all school teams or individuals participating in an activity.  The school shall be responsible for acts of its school teams or individuals while on trips, or while participating in any such activity.

1.       Q.    Does certification through the American Sport Education Program (ASEP) satisfy the requirement in Rule 1.4?

A.      Yes, so long as the athletic director or coach was certified through ASEP prior to August 1, 2007.  Thereafter, only the NFHS Fundamentals of Coaching will satisfy this requirement unless an exception is granted in writing by the OSAA.

2.       Q.    When must a coach be certified?

A.      All coaches must be certified prior to assuming coaching duties unless an emergency exception is authorized in writing by the OSAA.  This includes cheerleading coaches, dance/drill coaches and choreographers at schools that do not participate in competitions.

3.       Q.    Is certification required of volunteer coaches?

A.      Yes.

4.       Q.    Must a “guest” coach be certified?

A.      No, but if the coach has contact with students more than three times in a sport season, the coach shall no longer be considered a “guest” and must be certified.  A non-certified “guest” coach may not serve as a coach at a contest.

5.       Q.    May a school bring in alumni or other non-high school personnel to scrimmage with teams or individuals as “guest coaches” if those personnel are limited to student contact on no more than three occasions during the sport season?

A.      No.  The “guest coach” exception is intended to allow a limited number of visits by a guest instructor; it is NOT intended to allow coaches to bring in coaches or players to participate in drills or scrimmages against teams or individuals.  Any attempt to circumvent the Participation Limitations by calling practice participants “guest coaches” would be a violation of OSAA rules.

6.       Q.    In individual sports, may a parent or non-certified coach accompany a participant to a contest as the school representative if that person is an authorized representative of the principal?

A.      Yes, but the authorized representative may not coach the participant unless specific permission has been granted in writing by the Executive Director.

7.       Q.    Does the OSAA require high school coaches to have current first aid certification?

A.      No.  However, coaches should check with their athletic directors as most high schools have this as a requirement.

2.       Rule 2Officials

2.1.       The OSAA Athletic Officials Handbook shall govern the officiating of interscholastic activities, except as otherwise provided in this Rule.

2.2.       The superintendent, assistant superintendent or high school principal has the authority to approve the selection of officials for all festivals, meets, contests and championships serviced by the local association during the regular season.  State championship and playoff official selections shall be made by the commissioner or local association with input from the schools serviced by that association.

2.3.       An official shall not violate any of the Association’s Regulations or engage in any of the Prohibited Conduct listed below.

2.4.       Prohibited Conduct.  An individual official or commissioner shall not engage in the following conduct:

2.4.1.        Use tobacco products, illegal drugs, cannabis and/or alcoholic beverages, or be under the influence of illegal drugs, cannabis and/or alcoholic beverages at an interscholastic event.

2.4.2.        Unsportsmanlike conduct at an interscholastic event.  “Unsportsmanlike conduct" includes, but is not limited to, unwarranted physical contact, profane language and/or taunting.  Unwarranted physical contact initiated by an official toward a coach/player shall be considered a gross act of unsportsmanlike conduct.

2.4.3.        Make a bet or take a bribe in connection with an interscholastic event.

2.4.4.        Have been convicted of:

(a)     a felony involving the use, possession or sale of a controlled substance within the last 10 years.  The 10-year period of ineligibility to officiate shall commence from the date of suspension from officiating duties or from the date of conviction – whichever occurred first; or

(b)     a crime involving the use or threatened use of violence against a person within the last 10 years.  The 10-year period of ineligibility to officiate shall commence from the date of suspension from officiating duties or from the date of conviction – whichever occurred first; or

(c)      a crime involving a minor child at any time.

2.4.5.        Engage in any action which, within the discretion of the Commissioner of the local Association or the OSAA Executive Board, gives rise to a concern for the safety of children due to the official’s conduct, indicates that the official cannot objectively perform the official’s duties, or otherwise is inconsistent with the OSAA’s responsibilities to its member schools, the student participants or the parents of the participants.

2.5.       Appearance before the Executive Board.  The Executive Director may require the official or commissioner to appear before the OSAA Executive Board and show cause why the official or commissioner should not be subject to sanctions under OSAA Rule 5.6 for such conduct.

1.       Q.    Who selects officials for a state level contest?

A.      State championship and playoff officials’ selections shall be made by the commissioner or local association with input from the schools serviced by that association.

2.       Q.    May two schools mutually agree to waive certain association rules such as playing a contest without the use of certified officials when certified officials are required?

A.      Association or playing rules may not be waived by mutual consent.

3.       Q.    At what levels are certified officials required?

A.      See Executive Board Policies, “Officials – Certified Requirement” for additional information.

4.       Q.    How will cheerleading judges be selected for competitions in Oregon?

A.      Sponsoring organizations shall contact the OSAA for a list of qualified judges.

5.       Q.    Are protests against the decision of an official in a game reviewed by the Executive Board?

A.      No.  The Executive Board will not review the decisions of officials whether due to ignorance of the rules or errors in judgment.  The competing schools must accept, without protest, the rulings of the officials who have been approved by the competing schools to have full charge of the contest.

6.       Q.    Will the Executive Board hear protests based upon the application of the rules of any particular sport or protests that involve judgment on the part of game officials?

A.      No.

7.       Q.    Will the Executive Board hear protests based upon the conduct of an official that violates the Regulations?

A.      Yes.

3.       Rule 3Contests – Sportsmanship – Crowd Control

3.1.       The arrangement of all festivals, meets, contests or championships is the responsibility of the superintendent, assistant superintendent or high school principal, subject to the Regulations of the Association.

3.2.       When a festival, meet, contest or championship is in progress, the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) rules governing such activities shall apply, except for specific deviations as approved by the Executive Board.

3.3.       Sportsmanship Responsibility.  The high school principal, coach and other responsible officials of each member school shall take all reasonable measures to insure that the school's coaches, players, students and supporters maintain a sportsmanlike attitude toward all events so that events may be conducted without unreasonable danger or disorder.  All cheers, comments and actions shall be in direct support of one’s team.  No cheers, comments or actions shall be directed at one’s opponent or at contest officials.  Derogatory and/or unsportsmanlike language is not allowed.  No player may be singled out by number, name or position with negative comments of any kind.

When a petition is filed alleging violation of this rule, the Executive Director may, at his/her discretion and with concurrence of any two Executive Board members, postpone any pending event which the Executive Director has reason to believe cannot be conducted without an unreasonable danger of disorder.  All such protests shall be referred to the Executive Board, which shall proceed as provided in Rule 4.  In addition to any other action the Executive Board may take regarding a protest alleging a violation of this rule, the Executive Board shall have the power to cancel or re-schedule the event involved, or to impose conditions on conducting it.

3.4.       Sportsmanship Violations/Penalties.  When the coaches, players, students, staff or supporters of any member school engage in unsportsmanlike conduct, disorder or infliction of damage to persons or property in connection with any festival, meet, contest or championship sponsored by this Association, the Executive Board may treat such acts as a violation by the school of the Rules of the Association.  Any school whose coaches, players, students, supporters, rooters or partisans take part in riots, fights, pilfering, painting or any other unsportsmanlike conduct shall be subject to penalty.

3.5.       A member school shall not participate in any festival, meet, contest or championship with a school that has been suspended or expelled from the Association.

3.6.       The Association shall conduct state championships as directed by the Delegate Assembly.

3.7.       A school shall not be allowed to participate in more than one state championship in a given sport.

1.       Q.    Is the host school exclusively responsible for crowd control?

A.      No.  While the host school for any activity must assume a primary responsibility for the physical management of the activity, including providing for crowd control, this is a mutual responsibility.  The visiting school also must take such measures as are necessary to insure proper behavior on the part of its own students and fans.

2.       Q.    May home team schools display signs and/or banners at their home venues?

A.      Yes, home team schools may display “permanent” signs and/or banners that are positive / supportive at their home venues.  Examples are welcome signs, in-season rosters, league banners, league / state championship banners and sportsmanship banners.

3.       Q.    May visiting schools bring signs and/or banners to hang at the host school’s venue?

A.      No.

4.       Q.    Are “run through” signs allowed?

A.      Yes, so long as the message is positive/supportive.

5.       Q.    May a school use an artificial noisemaker at specific times during athletic events?

A.      In limited cases, yes.  An example of an allowable use of artificial noisemakers by a school would be the firing of a cannon or the ringing of a bell after a touchdown is scored.

6.       Q.    May spectators use small, handheld megaphones?

A.      Yes, but only cheerleaders are allowed to use large megaphones.  Neither cheerleaders nor spectators may use megaphones for banging on the floor or bleachers.

7.       Q.    What are some examples of cheers that do not encourage a positive atmosphere?

A.      Any yell that is intended to antagonize an opponent detracts from a positive atmosphere.  “Air Ball!  Air Ball!” booing, “You!  You!  You!”, or “You Got Swatted!” are examples of yells that will not encourage a positive atmosphere.  Conversely, a positive atmosphere is created when fans focus on positive yells in support of their team, rather than on negative yells attacking their team’s opponents.

8.       Q.    May students stand on the bottom row of the bleachers?

A.      Yes, but when they sit down, they must be seated on the second row.

9.       Q.    May students cheer during serves in volleyball and free throws in basketball?

A.      Yes, so long as they are just “making noise” and not specifically addressing a contest official or an individual player from the opposing team.

10.   Q.    May a school use balloons at an athletic event?

A.      Yes, a host school may use balloons for decoration.  However, fans may not have balloons, and balloons may not be placed by the school in any manner that would block spectator viewing.

11.   Q.    May a school use balloons at a state championship final site?

A.      No.

12.   Q.    May spectators have oversized foam fingers at athletic events?

A.      Yes, they are allowed so long as they are not blocking spectator viewing.

4.       Rule 4 Violations of Regulations (Articles, Rules, Executive Board Policies, Participation Limitations, Sports Seasons Limitations and Executive Board Interpretations) – Protests and Self-Reported Violations

4.1.       A high school wishing to have another high school penalized for violation of the Association's Regulations, or to have an official penalized for violations of the Association’s Regulations or the Prohibited Conduct, shall file a written notice of protest signed by its superintendent, assistant superintendent or principal and specifying the grounds of protest with the Executive Director.  The notice shall be filed without delay after the alleged violation has occurred, and the Executive Director and Executive Board may consider unreasonable delay a factor in ruling on any protest.  Protests also may be initiated by the Executive Director or by the Executive Board.

4.2.       The Executive Director shall notify the accused school of the protest, and after such further investigation as the Executive Director deems necessary, shall either make a ruling on the protest or refer it to the Executive Board.

In the case of a protest filed against an official, the Executive Director shall refer the protest to the proper local Association of OSAA Officials for determination of a penalty.  EXCEPTION: Where it is alleged that unwarranted physical contact has been initiated by an official toward a coach/player, the official shall be required to appear before the Executive Board at the next scheduled meeting.

4.3.       Any parent, student or school may appeal to the Executive Board from a ruling of the Executive Director on a protest by giving the Executive Director written notice of such appeal within 10 working days of the Executive Director's ruling.  Any interested official, parent, student or school may appeal to the Executive Board from a ruling of a local Association of the OSAA Officials on a protest against an official by giving the local association written notice of such an appeal within 10 working days of the local association’s ruling.  Failure to give such notice shall be a waiver of the right of appeal.  Where an appeal is taken from the Executive Director's ruling of ineligibility, the ineligible student(s) shall remain ineligible until the Executive Board decides the appeal.

4.4.       If any member of the Executive Board is an interested party in a protest, the Executive Board shall appoint a disinterested person as a replacement in the decision of the case.

4.5.       The Executive Director may determine that a school has violated a rule of the Association based upon facts reported to the Executive Director by the member school affected.  Such a determination may be appealed to the Executive Board in the manner set forth in Rule 4.6.

4.6.       When a ruling has been appealed or when a protest has been initiated by or referred to the Executive Board, the Executive Board shall schedule a hearing at the earliest practicable opportunity.  The hearing shall be conducted by the Executive Board, pursuant to such procedures as it may direct, provided that interested schools have an opportunity to present evidence on their behalf.  Pending decision of any appeal from a ruling of the Executive Director, that ruling shall stand and be given full force and effect for all purposes.  If the ruling is modified or overruled on appeal, the Executive Board, at its discretion, may take such corrective action as it deems feasible and fair to all concerned.

1.       Q.    Must a school protesting the eligibility of another school's student secure the evidence to show that the student is ineligible?

A.      Yes.  The protesting school should secure all evidence possible and send it to the Executive Director.

2.       Q.    When is an Executive Board member an interested party to a protest?

A.      Only when the high school in which the Executive Board member is superintendent, assistant superintendent, principal or assistant principal is a party to the protest.  A protest involving a high school in an Executive Board member's athletic district does not disqualify that Executive Board member from the protest proceedings.

3.       Q.    Who rules on a protest filed against an official?

A.      The local Association of OSAA Officials of which that official is a member rules on the protest.  An interested official, student, parent or member school may then appeal the local Association’s decision to the Executive Board.

5.       Rule 5Violations of Regulations – Penalties

5.1.       Upon a ruling by the Executive Director or by the Executive Board that a student is ineligible, the school shall forfeit all meets, contests or championships in which that student participated during that student's ineligibility, either before and/or after such ruling.  As determined by the Executive Director, the student may be disqualified for the remainder of that sport season.

Upon a ruling by the Executive Director or by the Executive Board that an uncertified coach has coached students in a meet, contest or championship, the school shall be subject to fines, forfeiture and/or other penalties as determined by the Board.

5.2.       For violation of any Regulation of the Association and in addition to game forfeitures provided in 5.1 of this rule, the Executive Board may impose any one or more of the penalties set forth in this Rule.

Upon a ruling by the Executive Director or by the Executive Board that a violation of any Regulation resulted from conduct of an employee or representative of a member school, the Executive Director or Executive Board may require the employee, representative and/or member school administrator to appear before the Executive Board and show cause why the employee, representative and/or member school should not be subject to sanctions under Rule 5 for such conduct.

The Executive Board may impose any form of penalty set forth in Rule 5 that the Executive Board finds appropriate to punish or deter such conduct.  A member school may be subject to penalties under Rule 5 based on the conduct of its employees or representatives.

5.2.1.        Probation.  When a school is on probation, it shall suffer no impairment of rights of membership, but probation shall be a factor in determining the penalty for any violation during probation.

5.2.2.        Forfeitures of festivals, meets, contests, championships, titles, awards, prizes or the right to participate in such festivals, meets, contests and championships as the Executive Board may direct.

5.2.3.        Fines, in such amounts as the Executive Board may determine, to a maximum of $2,500 for one violation.  Violations involving a lack of institutional control are not subject to the $2,500 maximum.

5.2.4.        Suspension of rights of membership, for such period as the Executive Board may direct, to a maximum of two years.  During suspension, a school may not participate in any festivals, meets, contests or championships.

5.2.5.        Expulsion from membership in the Association.

5.2.6.        The Executive Board may direct that any or all penalties provided in this Section are to be imposed only if certain conditions are not met, or that any such penalties are to be relieved if certain conditions are met.

5.2.7.        Suspension of a member school’s employee(s) or representative(s) from coaching or other participation in Association activities. 

5.2.8.        Forfeiture of any meets, contests or championships in which the member school’s employee(s) or representative(s) have participated or which have been affected by the prohibited conduct, as determined by the Executive Board at its sole discretion.

5.3.       Suspended or expelled schools may be reinstated by the Executive Board.  Reinstatement may be subject to such conditions as the Executive Board may direct.

5.4.       A member school (except an associate member school) that engages in a meet, contest or championship with a non-member school, or with a school that has been suspended or expelled, shall itself become liable for suspension or expulsion by the Executive Board.

5.5.       Responsibility.  If a school employee or representative declared to be in violation of any Regulation or if a student who has been declared ineligible is permitted to participate in Association activities or interscholastic competition because of a temporary restraining order, preliminary injunction, permanent injunction or court or administrative agency determination, and if such restraining order, injunction, or determination is subsequently vacated, dismissed, stayed, reversed or finally determined by the courts to not justify the relief granted, one or more of the penalties outlined in this rule may be assessed in the interest of restitution and fairness to other member schools.

5.6.       Penalties of Officials.  Upon a ruling by the Executive Board that an official has violated any Regulation, the Executive Board may impose any of the following penalties that the Executive Board finds appropriate to punish or deter such conduct:

5.6.1.        Probation.  Probation may be imposed for such period as the Executive Board may direct.  When an official is on probation, he or she shall suffer no impairment of certification as an OSAA official, but probation shall be a factor in determining the penalty for any violation during probation.

5.6.2.        Suspension.  Suspension of certification as an OSAA official for such period as the Executive Board may direct, to a maximum of two years.  During suspension, an official may not officiate over any OSAA sponsored festival, meet, contest, or championship.

5.6.3.        Revocation.  Revocation of certification as an OSAA official.

6.       Rule 6Association Sports/Activities.  See Participation Limitations for additional information.

6.1.        The Association shall sponsor championship events in the following sports/activities.


Band

Baseball

Basketball

Cheerleading

Choir

Cross Country

Dance/Drill

Football

Golf

Orchestra

Soccer

Softball

Solo Music

Speech

Swimming

Tennis

Track and Field

Volleyball

Wrestling


6.2.        Adding a Sport/ActivityThe Delegate Assembly may consider adding a championship in a sport/activity where no championship is currently provided by the Association if the quantity of member schools participating in the sport/activity is equal to at least 50 schools.

6.3.        Deleting a Sport/Activity.  The Delegate Assembly may consider deleting a sport/activity if the quantity of member schools participating in the sport/activity falls lower than 50 schools.

6.4.        Adding a championship event in a Sport/Activity where one or more championship events are currently offered by the Association.  The Delegate Assembly may consider adding a championship event in a sport/activity where one or more championship events are currently provided by the Association if the quantity of member schools sponsoring the sport in the classifications to be served by the proposed championship event is equal to at least 75% (50% at the 1A classification) of the quantity of schools in the highest classification which will participate in the proposed championship event.

6.5.        Deleting a championship event in a Sport/Activity where one or more championship events are currently offered by the Association.  The Delegate Assembly may consider deleting a championship event in a sport/activity, and adding the classifications participating in the deleted championship to a higher classification event, if the quantity of member schools sponsoring the sport in the classifications served by the championship event being considered for deletion is below 75% (50% at the 1A classification) of the quantity of schools in the highest classification participating in the championship event.

6.6.        Stipulations regarding above threshold levels.

6.6.1.             Cooperative Sponsorships.  Schools in a cooperative sponsorship shall count as only one school for the purpose of determining whether the threshold quantity has been reached.

6.6.2.             Sub-Varsity Participation Only.  A school that participates only at the sub-varsity level in a particular sport/activity shall not be counted for the purpose of determining whether the threshold quantity has been reached in that sport/activity.

6.7.        Criteria.

The following criteria (listed in no order of priority) are among those, which the Delegate Assembly may choose to consider when evaluating possible modifications in OSAA Championship formats:

6.7.1.             Support by superintendents of member schools.

6.7.2.             Maintenance of comparable opportunities for boys and girls.

6.7.3.             Maintenance of equity of opportunity by student population in all classifications.

6.7.4.             Equitable treatment of all sports/activities.

6.7.5.             Avoidance of additional loss of class time.

6.7.6.             Financial impact upon member schools.

6.7.7.             Financial impact upon the association.

6.7.8.             Continued reimbursement at the current level provided by the OSAA.

6.7.9.             Effect on the length of the season.

6.7.10.         Scheduling in such a way as to produce maximum spectator attendance.

6.7.11.         Availability of appropriate site(s).

6.7.12.         Administration and management.

6.7.13.         In individual sports, an increase in the number of athletic districts or classifications.

6.8.        Association Year, Practice, Contests – Starting, Cutoff and Ending Dates.        (NFHS Standardized Calendar)

6.8.1.             Association Year.  The Association Year shall start with the first day of practice for fall sports on the Monday of Week 7 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar (August 17, 2015) and shall end at the end of the day on Memorial Day (May 30, 2016).  (“Summer season” activities may begin on the Tuesday following the observance of Memorial Day.)

6.8.2.             Fall Sports.  Practice shall not start prior to the Monday of Week 7 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar (August 17, 2015).  The first contest shall not be played prior to the Thursday of Week 8 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar (August 27, 2015) for all Fall Sports, except Football.  The Football first contest shall not be played prior to the Thursday of Week 9 (September 3, 2015) of the NFHS Standardized Calendar. 

6.8.3.             Winter Sports.  Practice shall not start prior to the Monday of Week 20 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar (November 16, 2015).  The first contest shall not be played prior to the Wednesday of Week 22 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar (December 2, 2015)

6.8.4.             Spring Sports.  Practice shall not start prior to the Monday of Week 35 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar (February 29, 2016).  The first contest shall not be played prior to the Monday of Week 37 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar (March 14, 2016). 

6.8.5.             Cutoff and Ending Dates.  The Executive Board shall adopt a calendar each year that will include the cutoff date for each season at each classification after which regular season contests in that activity may no longer be conducted.  The season for a school in a sport shall end when a school has completed its regular season contests and all state championship contests.  During the Association Year, practice in a sport shall not be held after the conclusion of a school's sport season in that sport.

6.9.        Cultural Exchange Exception.  Upon written request, the Executive Director may permit a school to play an additional contest during the regular season as part of a Cultural Exchange Program.  This contest shall not count as part of the allowable game or match limit specified for each sport.

6.10.     Contest limitations, exclusive of any varsity district playoffs and state championships, are as follows:

6.10.1.         Baseball                 26 games

6.10.2.         Basketball              24 games

6.10.3.         Cross Country       12 meets

6.10.4.         Football                  9 games

6.10.5.         Golf                         20 – nine-hole rounds

6.10.6.         Soccer                    14 games

6.10.7.         Softball                   26 games

6.10.8.         Swimming              12 meets    NOTE: If more than 10, two shall be invitational meets consisting of

                                                   more than two schools.

6.10.9.         Tennis                    16 matches

6.10.10.      Track                      12 meets

6.10.11.      Volleyball               18 playing dates/36 matches

6.10.12.      Wrestling               14 events/18 weigh-ins/50 mat appearances

6.11.     If a school district adopted calendar ends before any state championship, that school district is allowed to complete its playing schedule and to participate in the state championship.

1.       Q.    May a student or a team representing a member school participate in an organized practice or contest against a student or a team of a college, university, community college, non-high school club or alumni in contact sports (football, wrestling and soccer)?

A.      No.

2.       Q.    May a student or a team representing a member school participate in an organized practice or contest against a student or a team of a college, university, community college, non-high school club or alumni in non-contact sports?

A.      No, unless approval is granted in writing by the Executive Director.

3.       Q.    Is a contest between the alumni and the high school students considered a contest?

A.      Yes, it is considered a contest and counts in the limitation of contests permitted.  NOTE:  Approval for such contests must be granted in writing by the Executive Director and the contest must be during the season for that sport.  Approval will not be granted in contact sports - football, wrestling and soccer.

4.       Q.    Does participation in a faculty game jeopardize the eligibility of a student?

A.      Contest participation between coaches and players within each individual school for fund raising or entertainment purposes will not jeopardize the eligibility of any high school student.  Such a contest shall be considered to be intramural.  However, such participation shall not be held in contact sports.

5.       Q.    When may "summer teams" begin practice and/or competition?

A.      Summer teams may begin practice and/or competition on the Tuesday after the observance of Memorial Day. 

6.       Q.    If four schools compete in an 18-hole golf match and score it not only as a four-way match but also as three different dual matches for each school, how many rounds are counted toward each school's limit of 20 nine-hole rounds?

A.      Two 9-hole rounds (18 holes were played) are counted against each school.  It does not matter how many different ways a match is scored.  Each school played only 18 holes (interpreted to be two 9-hole rounds) toward the limit of 20.

7.       Q.    If three schools compete in a track and field meet and score it not only as a triangular meet but also as two separate dual meets for each school, how many meets are counted toward each school's limit of 12 meets?

A.      One meet is counted against each school.  It does not matter how many different ways the meet is scored.

8.       Q.    May a school participate in a contest after the regularly scheduled official close of its school year?

A.      Yes.  It is permitted to complete its regular season playing schedule and, if qualified, to participate in any OSAA State Championship.

9.       Q.    May non-school students or alumni participate in an organized practice with a school team?

A.      No.  If this occurs, the practice is considered a contest and will count against the participation limitations for that sport.

10.   Q.    May a student or a team of a member school participate in an organized practice with a certified coach?

A.      Yes, as long as that coach is certified and has been approved by the local school district as a member of the coaching staff.

11.   Q.    May a student participate on his school's soccer and football teams during the same season?

A.      Yes.  OSAA rules place no limitation on the number of teams on which a student may participate during the same sports season, but the student must still comply with the minimum nine days of practice in football.

12.   Q.    If a school is lacking in facilities for an activity, may it utilize a neighboring school's facilities for practices and workouts along with students of the neighboring school?

A.      Under normal conditions, it is desirable for a school to have its own facilities.  However, there are circumstances where this might not be possible, and if one school wishes to utilize another school's facilities, a Shared Facilities Request form must be sent to the OSAA office for permission to do so.  NOTE:  Students from different schools may not "compete" against each other during shared practices or workouts.

13.   Q.    May a high school team practice in a facility at the same time as a club team?

A.      Only if the high school and club team students do not practice against each other, do not share equipment or lanes and specific permission has been granted by the OSAA due to unusual circumstances.

14.   Q.    May a "common coach" be employed by two school districts?

A.      Under normal conditions, it is desirable for each school to employ a coach for an activity.  However, there are circumstances where this might not be possible.  If this is the case, schools wishing to employ a "common coach" must secure permission to do so from the OSAA office.  NOTE:  Students from different schools may not "compete" against each other during shared practices or workouts.

15.   Q.    In unusual circumstances may an 8th grader practice with the high school team?

A.      Yes, but only if permission is specifically granted in writing from the Executive Director.

16.   Q.    Is there a basketball contest limitation for any given seven day period during the season?

A.      No, schools may individually determine the appropriate number of contests to be played during any seven-day period.

17.   Q. May a student or a team representing a member school participate in an organized practice or contest against staff members or students from that same member school?

A.      Yes.

7.       Rule 7Out-of-Season and Non-School Activities

7.1.        Out-of-season festivals, meets, contests or championships shall not be permitted during the school year involving member schools of this Association unless special authorization is given by the Executive Board.

7.2.        A member school or official representative of a member school shall not participate, either directly or indirectly, in the promotion, management, supervision, player selection, coaching or officiating of an all-star contest involving high school students during the Association year.

7.3.        No member school or official representative of a member school shall condition participation in high school athletics on participation in non-school athletic events or workouts, including, but not limited to camps, leagues, and any form of organized out-of-season or summer competition.  Further, no member school may give consideration to such participation when determining membership on, or participation in, high school competitive athletics.

1.       Q.    May a coach require participation on a non-school team including summer teams or use participation on a non-school team as a factor in selecting members of a school team or allowing full participation in team activities?

A.      No to both questions.  Participation on a non-school team is a personal choice of the student and his/her parents, and may not be required or even considered when selecting school team members or allowing full participation in team activities.

2.       Q.    May a coach require participation in out-of-season or summer workouts as a factor in selecting members of a school team or allowing full participation in team activities?

A.      No.

8.       Rule 8Individual Eligibility                                                                                                                                         

The purpose of Rule 8 is to preserve harmony among member schools and school districts by preventing not only actual proselytization, professionalism and participation by other than regular students in good standing, but conduct or circumstances, which may give rise to the appearance thereof.  Exceptions to the general rules herein will be narrowly construed to serve that purpose.

8.1.        Academic Eligibility.

Rule:  An eligible student must be enrolled full time and making satisfactory progress as defined in this rule.

Rationale.  The objective of the academic eligibility rule is to complement member schools’ curriculum programs in recognition of the fact that interscholastic activity programs are an extension of the classroom.  Academic standards help ensure a balance between activities and academic performance, promote the objective of graduation from high school, ensure that student participants are truly representing the academic mission of the institution and allow the use of interscholastic participation as a motivator for academic excellence.  It is in the interests of the member schools and the students participating in athletics and interscholastic activities that these objectives be promoted during the entire school year.

8.1.1.        Full Time Enrollment.  For purposes of this rule, a full time student is one who is enrolled in high school, attending regularly and passing in courses offered by a high school, college, work experience or other school-approved educational activities (including summer school or night school) equivalent to at least the quantity listed on the appropriate line of the chart belowIn addition, a full time student shall have been enrolled in school, attended regularly and passed subjects equivalent to at least the quantity listed on the appropriate line of the chart below during the immediate preceding transcripted grading period. 

Number of Classes Offered                    Minimum Number Passed

4                                                                              3

5                                                                              4

6                                                                              5

7                                                                              5

8                                                                              5

EXCEPTION:  The requirement for immediately preceding transcripted grading period credit is inapplicable to a student who has not previously enrolled in any high school offering the 10th, 11th or 12th grades.

8.1.2.        Satisfactory Progress Toward Graduation.  In addition to the specific credit requirement identified in Rule 8.1.1., to be scholastically eligible, a student must be making satisfactory progress towards the school's graduation requirements by earning a minimum of the quantity of credits indicated on the chart below prior to the start of the specified year.

Minimum Satisfactory Progress Requirements                                                         (Expanded Chart)

Credits to Graduate

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

Credits Per Year

6

6

6.5

6.5

7

7

7.5

Required Prior to Year 2 (75%)

4.5

4.5

4.5

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.5

Required Prior to Year 3 (85%)

10.0

10.5

11.0

11.0

11.5

12.0

12.5

Required Prior to Year 4 (95%)

17.0

17.5

18.5

19.0

19.5

20.5

21.0

8.1.3.        Home School Student Academic Eligibility

(a)     Minimum Test Score.  A home school student who transfers to a public or private school may establish initial academic eligibility by achieving a minimum score on any adopted achievement test pursuant to ORS 339.035.  The student shall achieve a minimum composite test score that places the student at or above the 23rd percentile based on national norms.

(b)     Test Deadline.  The achievement test must be completed prior to August 15 each school year.

(c)      Work Sample Alternative.  In the absence of achievement test results submitted by the deadline of August 15 each school year, a school district may adopt alternative requirements including but not limited to a requirement that a student submit a portfolio of work samples to a school district committee for review to determine whether a student is eligible to participate in interscholastic activities.

8.1.4.        Hardship Exceptions to this Rule.  The Executive Director, in individual cases may, at his/her discretion and upon terms and conditions he/she may impose, waive or modify this rule when in his/her opinion there are circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s), whereby enforcement of the rule would work an undue hardship upon the student.

Factors, which may be considered by the Executive Director, include the following:

(a)           Forced absence due to illness or injury as certified in writing by a licensed physician, shall excuse regular attendance for the period of such forced absence, and where such forced absence entirely prevents completion of the semester, shall excuse completion of the required subjects.

(b)           Any student with an Individualized Educational Program (IEP) who, primarily because of the student’s disability,

(1)           did not pass the appropriate number of classes, per Rule 8.1.1., in the immediately preceding transcripted grading period,

(2)           is not currently enrolled in and passing the appropriate number of classes, per          Rule 8.1.1., and/or

(3)           has not been attending school regularly, may still be eligible to participate if the student's IEP team determines that the student is making adequate educational progress towards meeting the student’s IEP goals and objectives.

A decision of the Executive Director may be appealed to the Executive Board.  A decision of the Executive Board may be appealed to a Hearings Officer under Rule 9, “Hearings Officer.”

1.       Q.    What is passing work?

A.      Each school must determine what passing work is.  The Association does not establish academic standards for schools.  A school establishes its own academic standards.

2.       Q.    What is passing work during the current semester?

A.      Passing work is such that if on any given date a student should transfer to another school, work of a passing grade would immediately be certified to the school to which the student transfers.

3.       Q.    A student in a full year subject gets a grade of 85% the first semester and then a grade of 65% at the end of the second semester.  But the teacher, in computing the grade for the year since it is a year subject, credits the student with a full unit.  May the student be considered to have passed the subject at the end of the second semester?

A.      If a school shows that the student has earned and had recorded a full unit at the close of the second semester, the Association will have no interest in determining how the school computed the mark.

4.       Q.    Is a student who is expelled from school one semester eligible the following semester?

A.      The student is eligible if the student satisfies all OSAA Regulations.  However, the school district may have additional rules or policies beyond those set by the OSAA.

5.       Q.    Is a "conditional" or an "incomplete" considered a "pass" by the Association.

A.      No.  The Association considers a "pass" to mean that all work has been completed and has been made a matter of final record in the principal's office at the end of the grading period or semester.

6.       Q.    May a student who has failed in a subject make up the work by attending summer school or by having a private tutor?

A.      Yes.  Any course work that is accepted by the school and for which credit is granted at the school may be applied toward eligibility.

7.       Q.    May a student who has more than enough credits to graduate participate in interscholastic activities while enrolled in courses equal to less than full time as defined in Rule 8.1.?

A.      No.  Even though a student has more than enough credits to graduate, the student must still be enrolled in and passing courses that are equivalent to full time as defined in Rule 8.1. in order to be eligible to participate in interscholastic activities.

8.       Q.    If a student is not eligible during the first grading period, is the student eligible to compete in an athletic or activities contest on the night of the last day of that grading period?

A.      No.  The student is not eligible until the opening day of the second grading period.

9.       Q.    When does a student become ineligible after failing to pass the quantity of classes necessary to be considered full time as defined in Rule 8.1.1.?

A.      The student becomes ineligible when the school receives the official grade notices.

10.   Q.    Does any class taken, regardless of the number of credits associated with the class, count as one of the minimum number required to be considered enrolled full time under Rule 8.1.1.?

A.      No.  For the purposes of satisfying the “full time enrollment” requirements of Rule 8.1.1., each class must generate at least one credit per year, or one-half credit each traditional semester, in order to be counted against the minimum.  For example, if a student passed five out of six classes during the previous semester, but earned only 2.25 credits, the student would be ineligible the following semester.

11.   Q.    A student needs only two subjects to graduate.  May the student take only two classes and still be eligible to participate in high school activities?

A.      No.  In order for the student to be eligible, the student must successfully carry a full time class load as defined in Rule 8.1.1.

12.   Q.    May a student who is ineligible practice with a school team?

A.      The answer depends on the nature of the ineligibility.  When a school has filed a request for eligibility for a fifth year and/or nineteen-year-old student, the student is ineligible to practice while action on the request or appeal is pending.  Other ineligible students may practice, provided local school board policy permits this.  OSAA rules prohibit any ineligible student from participating in or dressing for an interscholastic contest.

13.   Q.    May an ineligible student sit with a school team on the bench and perform managerial duties?

A.      Yes, within the limits of any local school board policy.  But the student is prohibited from appearing on the team bench in uniform.

14.   Q.    Must OSAA academic eligibility standards be met by members of cheerleading squads and dance teams which serve a support function in the school (e.g. perform at games), but will not be participating in competitions?

A.      No, only those groups that will be competing are required by the OSAA to meet OSAA academic eligibility standards.

15.   Q.    If a student is taking college classes for which high school credit is being granted, and the college classes do not start until after the start of the high school competitive season, is the student allowed to participate while awaiting the start of the college classes?

A.      Yes.

16.   Q.    If a student is ineligible at the beginning of the school year due to having recorded too few credits to meet the “Minimum Satisfactory Progress Requirements,” does the period of ineligibility cover the entire school year?

A.      Yes.  The only circumstance under which a student could regain eligibility during the school year would be if the Executive Director granted eligibility in response to the submission of an “Eligibility Request Form” by the school.

17.   Q.    If the quantity of credits recorded at the end of the first transcripted grading period added to the credits recorded prior to the start of the school year exceeds the “Minimum Satisfactory Progress Requirements” necessary prior to that grade level, does the student become eligible for participation during the second semester?

A.      No.

18.   Q.    If a student is granted a hardship waiver to allow participation despite having recorded too few credits to meet the “Minimum Satisfactory Progress Requirements,” what period of time does the waiver cover?

A.      Assuming that there are no other eligibility issues regarding the student, the student is eligible for the full school year during which the appeal was granted.

19.   Q.    If a school enters grades/credits on the official transcript each trimester (or quarter), what is the period of ineligibility if insufficient credits were earned during the previous trimester or quarter?

A.      The student becomes ineligible when the school receives the official grade notices, and remains ineligible until a trimester (or quarter) is completed in which a sufficient number of credits have been earned by the student.

20.   Q.    If a student transfers from school A to school B, and school B has a different number of credits required to graduate than school A, how does school B determine whether the student is making Satisfactory Progress Toward Graduation?

A.      After the student’s transfer credits from school A have been entered on the official transcript for school B, and school B’s district has determined the number of credits that will be required for the student to graduate from school B, school B shall use the credits recorded on the official transcript and credits to graduate requirement from school B to determine whether the student is meeting the Minimum Satisfactory Progress Requirements.  (NOTE: The determination of whether the student is making Satisfactory Progress Toward Graduation must be made prior to the student being allowed to participate in a contest.)

21.   Q.    Are foreign students on a CSIET approved program subject to OSAA rules regarding academic eligibility?

A.      Foreign students on a CSIET approved program are required to satisfy OSAA rules for being currently enrolled in, attending regularly and passing the appropriate number of courses.  OSAA rules for the immediately preceding transcripted grading period only apply to a foreign student after he/she has completed one transcripted grading period.  Foreign students are not required to satisfy OSAA rules for satisfactory progress toward graduation.

22.   Q.    May a student earn a credit to be applied in a future grading period to determine eligibility?

A.      No.  In order to count the credit in a grading period, the student must be enrolled in the class during that grading period.  However, a credit earned in a grading period may be applied to the immediately preceding transcripted grading period for purposes of determining academic eligibility for the current grading period.

23.   Q.    Is a student determined to be ineligible due to a progress report / grade check during a grading period able to regain eligibility during that same grading period?

A.      Yes, the student may regain eligibility when the student is enrolled in, attending regularly and passing the minimum number of classes required for full time enrollment in that grading period.

24.   Q.    How is eligibility determined at the end of a semester/trimester for a student taking a yearlong class in a proficiency grading system where no grade is received until the end of the school year?

A.      The school must determine whether the student is making satisfactory progress in the yearlong class at the time the semester/trimester is completed.

25.   Q.    What is meant by “circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s)”?

A.      When considering a hardship request, it is always an integral part of the evaluation to determine whether the events are outside a student or student’s parent(s) control, or whether the choices/decisions/actions that created the eligibility problem included knowable/predictable eligibility outcomes or consequences.  Requests are denied when it appears the student’s eligibility situation has come about as a result of choices, decisions and/or actions made by the student, or the student’s parent(s), or both.

8.2.       Duration of Eligibility/Graduation.

Rule:  A student may participate in the interscholastic program for four consecutive years (eight semesters or the equivalent) after entering the 9th grade, EXCEPT AS INDICATED LATER IN THIS RULE.

SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE EXCEPTION:   If a student attends a school in a foreign country in the southern hemisphere prior to the start of the Oregon school year and then transfers to attend an Oregon high school, the time attending school prior to the start of the Oregon school year shall not be considered for the purpose of computing duration of eligibility under this rule.

Rationale:

The objective of the Duration of Eligibility/Graduation Rule is to ensure that the student’s educational performance reflects progress towards graduation, and to ensure fair competition between schools and between individual students.  As students grow older, they become bigger, quicker and stronger, which translates into an athletic advantage.  Greater maturity may also provide a competitive advantage in non-athletic activities.  Rules such as this one allow for safety of competition between competing students, and allow for fair competition between students in the same school vying for a particular spot on a particular team.  Further, through the application of this rule, participation in athletics and activities is an incentive to the achievement of that minimum standard of academic performance.

This rule: promotes timely progress toward graduation by discouraging students from delaying or interrupting their high school education; disallows students to enroll for one semester each school year to increase maturity, athletic ability and skill; promotes equality of competition; diminishes risks stemming from unequal competition; and places emphasis on the academic mission of the school.

This rule: promotes harmony and fair competition among member schools by maintaining equality of eligibility; and provides each student with the same number of semesters of eligibility, which increases the number of students who will have an opportunity to participate in interscholastic activities.

8.2.1.        A student entering the 9th grade for all or part of a school year has used a full year of eligibility for the purpose of computing duration of eligibility under this rule.

8.2.2.        A student who begins participation in an OSAA sponsored activity prior to entering the 9th grade is only eligible for four consecutive years beginning the year the student first participated for all or part of the year.

8.2.3.        A student becomes ineligible upon graduation from high school.

8.2.4.        Fifth Year Hardship Appeals Procedure.  The Executive Board, or as it may provide, the Executive Director, may in individual cases, upon written request once the student has begun his/her last transcripted grading period prior to exhausting his/her eligibility, declare eligible for up to one year a student who would otherwise be ineligible under Rule 8.2., “Duration of Eligibility/Graduation” because more than eight semesters have passed after the student entered the 9th grade if the student has not previously been granted eligibility based upon a fifth year or age hardship appeal and all of the following conditions are met:

(a)           the student has not graduated from high school;

(b)           the student establishes, to the reasonable satisfaction of the Executive Board or the Executive Director, as the case may be, either:

(1)     that the student’s Individualized Education Program Team has determined that the student has a  “disability” (as defined below), and that the student was meeting the requirements of the student’s IEP, yet was unable to graduate from high school within eight semesters after entering the 9th grade primarily because of the disability; or

(2)     due to circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s), there has been both a significant absence from school (not less than one semester) and an inability to obtain academic credit during that period of absence; and

(c)            the student establishes, to the reasonable satisfaction of the Executive Board or Executive Director, as the case may be, that the student’s participation would not constitute an undue risk to the health or safety of other participants.

(d)           Without limiting the evidence that may be considered, the Executive Board or Executive Director, as the case may be, may consider the following in determining whether the student’s participation would constitute an undue risk to the health or safety of other participants:

(1)     whether the student has presented a report from a physician regarding the student’s height, weight and whether the student is likely to pose an undue risk to the safety and health of other participants; the student shall submit to an independent medical examination by a physician selected by and paid for by the Association at the request of the Executive Board or Executive Director; and

(2)     whether the sport is a contact or a non‑contact sport.

(e)           Should an otherwise ineligible student who has already been granted a year of eligibility under the provisions of this rule apply for eligibility for a subsequent year, the Executive Board, or as it may provide, the Executive Director may consider the following factors in addition to those previously stated in this rule:

(1)     Whether the student has previously participated in the sport for which eligibility is sought, or a similar sport; and

(2)     Whether the student’s skill level in the sport for which eligibility is sought is such that the student was ever a member of a starting team or was the recipient of league or other honors as a result of participation in the sport; and

(3)     Whether the student has participated in a prior state championship competition (either in an individual sport or a team sport).

For purposes of this Rule 8.2.4, “disability” shall have the meaning provided in the                                                          Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. § 1401(a).

The Executive Board or the Executive Director may grant eligibility as to one sport and deny it as to another sport.

A decision of the Executive Director may be appealed to the Executive Board.  A decision of the Executive Board may be appealed to a Hearings Officer under Rule 9, “Hearings Officer.” 

1.       Q.    Does enrollment in a non-member school count against the eight consecutive semesters of participation permitted?

A.      Yes.  Each semester enrolled in grades 9 through 12 will count against the eight consecutive semesters permitted regardless of where enrolled.

2.       Q.    Is a student who has attended high school for six consecutive semesters and then who left school for a year (two semesters) eligible if that student then returns to high school?

A.      No.  A student is eligible for eight consecutive semesters only.  In this case, the student would not be eligible since he/she attended six consecutive semesters and then was not in school during what would have been his/her 7th and 8th semesters.

3.       Q.    May a student participate in activities if the student has earned more credits than necessary but has not graduated?

A.      Yes, provided that the student has earned them within the eight consecutive semester limit.

4.       Q.    How many years of eligibility are counted against junior high school students?

A.      Only one year (the 9th grade) is counted because students are permitted four years of high school participation, regardless of how housed by the local administration.  However, if a 7th or 8th grader should play on a 9th grade team, squad or competitive performance group, regardless of how the student is housed (7-9, 9-12), then each year of participation or a part thereof shall count as one of the allowable four consecutive years of participation.

5.       Q.    If a student is enrolled in grades 9-12 but does not participate in activities for one semester, does that semester count against the eight consecutive semesters permitted?

A.      Yes.

6.       Q.    If a student travels to a foreign country after entering high school, does the time spent in the foreign country count against the eight consecutive semesters permitted?

A.      Yes.

7.       Q.    Is a student who has received a GED (General Equivalency Diploma) eligible to participate in OSAA activities?

A.      Yes.  The GED certificate has no significance under OSAA rules.  It cannot be used for credit nor does it mean that student is considered to have graduated.  Credit for actual course work for classes taken to prepare for a GED may be granted at the discretion of the local school district.

8.       Q.    Does playing on a school team other than the "first team" count as participation?

A.      Yes.  All participants representing their schools in OSAA sponsored activities are governed by OSAA rules, regardless of the level.

9.       Q.    May 8th grade students participate in spring tryouts for the high school cheerleading squad or dance team?

A.      Yes, but 8th grade students may not participate in high school competitions.

10.   Q.    In unusual circumstances may an 8th grader practice with the high school team?

A.      Yes, but only if permission is specifically granted in writing from the Executive Director.

11.   Q.    Is a student who receives a “Modified Diploma” considered to have graduated under OSAA regulations?

A.      Yes.

12.   Q.    May a fifth year student who is ineligible practice with a school team?

A.      When a school has filed a request for eligibility for a fifth year student, the student is ineligible to practice while action on the request or appeal is pending.  Other ineligible students may practice, provided local school board policy permits this.  OSAA rules prohibit any ineligible student from participating in or dressing for an interscholastic contest.

8.3.       Age.

Rule:  A student who becomes 19 before August 15 shall become ineligible for interscholastic competition.  A student who becomes 19 on or after August 15 shall remain eligible for that entire school year.

Rationale:  To ensure equality of competition and opportunity, a standard must be established at some point to determine the cutoff date for age eligibility.  Use of a specific cutoff date gives notice to all parties involved in interscholastic activities and maintains equality of participant eligibility among schools.

An age limitation requirement: provides commonality among student participants and schools in interscholastic competition; inhibits “redshirting”; provides more opportunity for participation of younger and less experienced students; enhances the opportunity for more students to participate; promotes equality of competition; avoids over-emphasis on competition; and helps to diminish the inherent risk of injury associated with participation in interscholastic athletics.

The objective of the establishment of a maximum age for participation in athletic and scholastic competition is: to discourage students from delaying their education to gain maturity; to prevent over-zealous coaches from engaging in redshirting to gain a competitive advantage; and, to protect the safety of younger, smaller, less experienced athletes.  The term redshirting means the practice of delaying a student’s academic pace and postponing his or her participation in order to permit him or her to gain maturity before beginning or during the period of eligibility for competitive activities.

The objective of discouraging students from delaying their education is not based solely on delays associated with seeking a competitive activities advantage.  There is also an educational interest in encouraging parents to enroll their children in school at an appropriate age.  Children benefit from starting school at the traditional age; their education is advanced both academically and socially.  This rule encourages parents to enroll their children in school at an appropriate age even if it is the intent of the parents that their children merely participate, not excel, in Association activities.

8.3.1.        Age Hardship Appeals Procedure.  The Executive Director, may in individual cases, upon written request once the student has begun his/her last transcripted grading period prior to exhausting his/her eligibility, declare eligible for up to one year a student who would otherwise be ineligible under Rule 8.3. (regarding age) if the student has not previously been granted eligibility based upon a fifth year or age hardship appeal and all of the following conditions have been met:

(a)           the student has not graduated from high school;

(b)           the student establishes that the student’s Individualized Education Program Team has determined that the student has a  “disability” (as defined in Rule 8.2.4);

(c)            the student establishes, to the reasonable satisfaction of the Executive Board or Executive Director, as the case may be, that the student entered school later than others of the student’s age or was retained primarily because of the disability; and

(d)           the student establishes, to the reasonable satisfaction of the Executive Board or Executive Director, as the case may be, that the student’s participation would not constitute an undue risk to the health or safety of other participants.

(e)           Without limiting the evidence that may be considered, the Executive Board or Executive Director, as the case may be, may consider the following in determining whether the student’s participation would constitute an undue risk to the health or safety of other participants:

(1)     whether the student has presented a report from a physician regarding the student’s height, weight and whether the student is likely to pose an undue risk to the safety and health of other participants; the student shall submit to an independent medical examination by a physician selected by and paid for by the Association at the request of the Executive Board or Executive Director; and

(2)     whether the sport is a contact or a non‑contact sport.

(f)            Should an otherwise ineligible student who has already been granted a year of eligibility under the provisions of this rule apply for eligibility for a subsequent year, the Executive Board, or as it may provide, the Executive Director may consider the following factors in addition to those previously stated in this rule:

(1)     Whether the student has previously participated in the sport for which eligibility is sought, or a similar sport; and

(2)     Whether the student’s skill level in the sport for which eligibility is sought is such that the student was ever a member of a starting team or was the recipient of league or other honors as a result of participation in the sport; and

(3)     Whether the student has participated in a prior state championship competition (either in an individual sport or a team sport).

The Executive Board or the Executive Director may grant eligibility as to one sport and deny it as to another sport.

A decision of the Executive Director may be appealed to the Executive Board.  A decision of the Executive Board may be appealed to a Hearings Officer under Rule 9, “Hearings Officer.” 

1.       Q.    May a 19-year-old student who is ineligible practice with a school team?

A.      When a school has filed a request for eligibility for a nineteen-year-old student, the student is ineligible to practice while action on the request or appeal is pending.  Other ineligible students may practice, provided local school board policy permits this.  OSAA rules prohibit any ineligible student from participating in or dressing for an interscholastic contest.

8.4.        Awards.  A student becomes ineligible for one calendar year after the date of the report of the violation to the OSAA if at any time the student accepts or enters into any agreement for the purpose of later accepting any compensation or thing of value for or in recognition of athletic or activities abilities, with these exceptions:

8.4.1.        A student activities participant may not accept monetary compensation in recognition of activities ability, participation and/or achievement during the Association year.  A student may accept non-monetary compensation or items of value solely in recognition of activities ability, participation and/or achievement if the total value of such non-monetary compensation or items of value, including the actual value of any gift certificates (so long as they are not convertible to cash), discounts, coupons, etc., does not exceed $500 retail value in any association year.

NOTE: For the purposes of this rule, “non-monetary compensation or items of value” does not include customary awards of a symbolic nature without resale value such as the school’s athletic letter, medals, ribbons, certificates, plaques, trophies and other emblems.  This rule does not regulate or prohibit compensation received by a student for ability, participation and/or achievement in a non-OSAA sport or activity, nor does this rule prohibit the acceptance of college scholarships by students.

8.4.2.        A coach or director is responsible for reporting to the school’s athletic/activities director all compensation or items of value received by the students on that coach/director’s team within one month of the receipt of the compensation or items of value.  Principals are responsible for verifying to the association that the total sum of compensation or items of value received by each student participant at that school does not exceed $500 retail value for each participant.

8.4.3.        A student participating without compensation as a contestant, coach or similar participant in athletic or other activities may accept the use of necessary equipment and incidental services customarily furnished amateur participants in such activities, may accept reimbursement for direct and necessary expenses for participation (including mileage where the student must drive), and where participation requires absence from home, may accept necessary meals and lodging.   

1.       Q.    Does compliance with OSAA rules mean that NCAA rules are also satisfied?

A.      No.  NCAA amateurism rules differ from OSAA rules.  Consult a collegiate compliance officer for answers to questions about NCAA rules.

2.       Q.    Is a student limited by OSAA rules in the awards he or she may accept in activities not sponsored by the OSAA, e.g. bowling league, rodeo and water polo?

A.      No because these are not activities sponsored by the Association.

3.       Q.    If a student coaches, teaches, or officiates an athletic contest for pay, is the student in violation of the amateur rule?

A.      No.  The rule refers exclusively to actual playing.  An individual may be paid for services performed.

4.       Q.    If a student receives an award, may the school hold that award until the student graduates and then return it to the student?

A.      No.  The award applies toward the $500 retail value per year personal limit during the association year that it is received.

5.       Q.    Does the awarding of a letter count toward the $500 retail value per association year award limit?

A.      No.  The awarding of ribbons, medals, certificates, emblems indicating State champions, plaques and trophies is permitted.  However, these awards are to have no intrinsic value.

6.       Q.    May a student accept an award such as a free hamburger or free use of clothes for being named "Athlete of the Week"?

A.      Yes.  However, such awards count against the $500 retail value per association year award limit.

7.       Q.    A student who is a member of a high school cross country team participates in a cross country race during the high school cross country season and receives a T-shirt instead of a medal or a trophy for finishing in a certain place (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.).  Does this count against the $500 retail value per association year award limit?

A.      Yes.  A T-shirt is a merchandise award as are other items such as golf bags, tags, caps, towels, etc.

8.       Q.    T-shirts are presented as a memento of the race to every contestant who enters regardless of performance.  Each contestant pays an entry fee to be in the race, and part of that entry fee is used for the purchase of the T-shirts.  Does this count against the $500 retail value per association year award limit?

A.      No.  In this case, the student is not receiving an award for his/her performance.  Therefore, the T-shirt is acceptable, and it does not count against the limit.

9.       Q.    Do association awards limits apply to awards received outside of the association year?

A.      No.

10.   Q.    May a student participate in a "jog-a-thon," a "swim-a-thon" or other "...thon" activity and receive cash or merchandise prizes for his/her fund raising effort?

A.      Yes, provided no such prize is presented for the student's athletic performance per se.  Prizes are acceptable only if they are presented exclusively on the basis of the student's fund raising achievements.

11.   Q.    May a student receive a college scholarship in recognition of the student’s performance in a particular contest?

A.      No.  A college scholarship is one granted by an institution or organization not in recognition of a student’s performance in any particular contest, but based on the student’s performance over the student’s high school career.

12.   Q.    May a music student receive payment for a musical performance that is not a competition?

A.      Yes.

13.   Q.    Does apparel or equipment provided by the school or any third party that the student keeps count against the $500 limitation?

A.      Yes, unless the student pays the full retail value of the apparel or equipment.

8.5.       School Representation                          (School Representation Eligibility Certificate)

8.5.1.        A student who competes in a sport or activity representing a school other than the one in which the student has been enrolled becomes ineligible for that sport or activity for the remainder of its season.  EXCEPTIONS:

(a)           Home School Students.    (Home School Eligibility Parent Checklist)

A home school student who meets the eligibility standards established by Oregon law may represent a public or private school located within the public school attendance boundaries of Joint Residence of the student and student’s parents provided that the home school student was enrolled in the home school prior to the first day of school for the public/private school.  See Executive Board Policies, “Eligibility – Home School Students” for additional information. 

Once a home school student represents a school, that home school student may not represent another school for one calendar year after last representing the original school without a change in Joint Residence, except that a home school student who has chosen to represent a private school may also represent the resident public school in any activity not offered by the private school, provided that both high school principals agree.

(b)           Students Attending Full Member Private Schools.  A student attending an Oregon private school that is a full member of the Association which does not offer a particular activity may represent the public school of Joint Residence of the student and student’s parents, provided that both high school principals agree.

(c)            Students Attending Full Member Charter Schools.  A student attending an Oregon charter school that is a full member of the Association may participate on teams representing the full member charter school only.

(d)           Students Attending Associate Member Schools.  A student attending an Oregon private school, charter school or alternative school that is an associate member of the Association may represent the public school of Joint Residence of the student and student’s parents, provided that both high school principals agree.

EXCEPTION REGARDING ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL STUDENTS:  However, a student who was previously eligible to represent a public school that is not the public school of Joint Residence of the student and the student’s parents who is subsequently placed in an Associate Member alternative school, remains eligible while attending the alternative school to represent the non-resident public school at which the student was previously eligible.

1.       Q.    May a high school student who is a member of a high school team also compete on a non-school, organized athletic team or as an unattached individual in that sport during the Association Year?

A.      Yes.

2.       Q.    May a home school student represent a member school in interscholastic activities?

A.      Yes, providing the home school student meets all necessary requirements and represents the public high school or the private high school in which district the student’s parents reside.                                           See Executive Board Policies, “Eligibility – Home School Students” for additional information.

3.       Q.    If a student living in School A’s attendance area attends School B and then becomes a home school student during the school year, when is that student eligible to represent School A?

A.      The student is eligible to represent School A at the beginning of the school year following the date the student becomes a home school student, providing all other eligibility requirements are met.

4.       Q.    If a student who lives in School A’s attendance area attends School B and then becomes a home school student and represents School A, can that student return to School B as a regularly enrolled student and be eligible?

A.      No.  If this occurs, the student in question would be eligible at School B one calendar year from the date of return to School B.

5.       Q.    If a home school student’s parents reside in School A's attendance area and the student's parents move to School B's attendance area, how does this affect the eligibility of the student?

A.      The home school student would be eligible only at school B.

6.       Q.    If a home school student’s parents reside in a public school district that also has a private school and/or a member charter school within its attendance boundaries, which school may the home school student represent?

A.      The home school student would be eligible to represent any of the schools within the attendance boundaries of the public school, but only one of the schools.  Once the home school student attended a practice or represented one of the schools, that school would be the only school the home school student would be eligible to represent unless at least one calendar year has passed since the home school student last represented any of the schools.  Exception: A home school student who has chosen to represent a private school may also represent the resident public school in any activity not offered by the private school, provided that both high school principals agree.

7.       Q.    If a home school student’s parents reside in a public school district that also has a private school and/or a member charter school within its attendance boundaries, may the home school student represent different schools in different sports or activities?

A.      No.  Once the home school student attended a practice or represented one of the schools, that school would be the only school the home school student would be eligible to represent.  The home school student would be ineligible to represent any school other than the one the student initially represented unless at least one calendar year has passed since the home school student last represented the initially represented school.  Exception: A home school student who has chosen to represent a private school may also represent the resident public school in any activity not offered by the private school, provided that both high school principals agree.

8.       Q.    If there is more than one private school within the public school boundaries where a home school student’s parents reside, which private school may the home school student represent?

A.      The home school student may represent any of the private schools, but only one.

9.       Q.    If a home school student’s parents reside in a public school district that has no private school within its attendance boundaries, may the home school student represent a private school in an adjacent public school district?

A.      No.  If there is no private school within the public school attendance boundaries in which the home school student’s parents reside, the home school student may only represent the public school within whose attendance boundaries the home school student’s parents reside.

10.   Q.    May a home school student whose parents reside within a multiple high school district select the high school he or she wishes to represent?

A.      No.  The home school student is eligible only at the public school within whose attendance boundaries the student’s parents reside, or at a private school located within those same attendance boundaries.

11.   Q.    If a student resides within the attendance boundaries of a public school and attends a full member private school outside those attendance boundaries, and the private school does not offer a particular sport, what public school may that private school student represent in that sport?

A.      The private school student may represent only the public school in whose attendance boundaries the parents of the private school student reside.

12.   Q.    If a full member private school student represents the public school within whose attendance boundaries the private school student resides in one sport, may the private school student then represent the private school in another sport?

A.      Yes.  If the private school student represents a public school because the private school does not offer that particular sport, the private school student may then represent the private school in another sport that is offered.  NOTE:  A private school student may represent a public school only if the private school does not offer the particular sport.

13.   Q.    If a student attending a full member private school resides in a multiple high school district, which public school may the private school student represent if the private school does not offer a particular sport?

A.      That student may represent only the high school in whose attendance area the student’s parents reside within the multiple high school district.

14.   Q.    May a student from an associate member school represent a full member school in competition?

A.      Yes, but only if that full member school is the public school in whose attendance boundaries the parents of the associate member school student reside, both high school principals agree and the student meets all other school and OSAA requirements.

15.   Q.    Are emancipated minors eligible?

A.      Even though a student is emancipated, that student still must attend the high school in which district his/her parents reside if that student wishes to be eligible for interscholastic competition.  If the student in question moves to another district, in order to be eligible, the student's parents also would have to move to that district.

16.   Q.    If a full member private school drops a sport after the first contest date of a sports season, may those students participate in that sport at the public school in whose attendance boundaries the parents of the student reside, providing both high school principals agree?

A.      No.  The private school must drop a program before the first contest date of that sports season in order for the students to be eligible to participate in that sport at their resident public school.

17.   Q.    If a public school does not offer a particular sport, may a public school, full member private school, associate member school or home school student who resides in the public school’s attendance boundary and who wishes to participate in that sport participate at another school in order to compete in that sport?

A.      No.

18.   Q.    If tuition is paid in order for a student to attend a public high school outside the attendance area of Joint Residence, is the student eligible?

A.      No.  The student is not eligible for a period of one year, unless the student enrolled in the school to which tuition is paid prior to initial enrollment in the 9th grade.

19.   Q.    May an individual student who attends a public school that does not offer a school team in a given sport participate in practice sessions at a neighboring school which does offer a school team in that sport?

A.      No.

20.   Q.    At what point does a student become ineligible once the student has withdrawn from a school?

A.      The student becomes ineligible the day following the student’s withdrawal from a school.

21.   Q.    If a full member private school does not offer a girls’ program in an activity, where may the girl participate in that activity?

A.      She may either participate on the boys’ team at the private school if permitted by the private school or she may participate on the girls’ team at her resident public school, provided that both high school principals agree.  Once the student chooses on which team she wishes to participate, she may not change teams during that season.

22.   Q.    May a student at a school in the process of applying for Associate Membership practice and/or compete for the student’s resident public school?

A.      The student may practice but may not compete in an interscholastic contest.

23.   Q.    How is it determined which school a student may represent when the student attends two full member schools simultaneously?

A.      The student is only eligible to represent the school at which the student is enrolled as a full-time student.

8.6.       Transfer

8.6.1.        Fundamental Rule. 

Rule:  It is a Fundamental Rule of the Association that a student must attend the high school in the high school attendance boundary within which the Joint Residence of the student and the student’s parents is located.  Exceptions to this Fundamental Rule are to be narrowly construed.

Rationale:  A transfer/residency requirement: assists in the prevention of students switching schools in conjunction with the change of season for athletic or activities purposes; impairs recruitment; and reduces the opportunity for undue influence to be exerted by persons seeking to benefit from a student athlete or activities participant’s prowess.

A transfer/residency requirement: promotes stability and harmony among member schools by maintaining the amateur standing of high school activities participants; by disallowing individuals other than enrolled students to participate; and by upholding the principle that a student should attend the high school in the district where the student’s parent(s) reside.

In addition, a transfer/residency requirement: prohibits foreign students, other than students who are participants in an established foreign exchange program accepted for listing by the Council of Standards for International Educational Travel (CSIET), from displacing other students from athletic and activities opportunities.

1.       Q.    If a student is allowed to transfer between school years under ORS 339.133 (5)(b) (“Open Enrollment Law”), is the student automatically eligible in the district to which the student transfers?

A.      No.  The student must also meet OSAA’s eligibility rules.

8.6.2.        Eligible Student Transfer Certificate.    (Eligible Student Transfer Certificate)

In connection with any student who has transferred but is eligible under the Rules of the Association, the school shall complete an Eligible Student Transfer Certificate in the form prescribed by the Association, properly signed by the superintendent, assistant superintendent, or principal of the high school the student enters, and maintain it at the school for inspection at the request of the Association.

1.       Q.    If a student transfers to a school, when is the principal required to file an Eligible Student Transfer Certificate?

A.      The principal of the school to which the student transfers shall complete an Eligible Student Transfer Certificate and a copy maintained at the school for inspection at the request of the OSAA prior to the student's participation in interscholastic activities.

2.       Q.    Where should a transfer eligibility request be filed for a student in a sport divided into special districts?

A.      The transfer eligibility request should be submitted by the school the student wishes to represent to the regular District Committee for that school.

8.6.3.        Exceptions to Fundamental Rule. 

(a)           Entering 9th grade students.  Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (c) below, a student is eligible to participate at a school other than the high school in the high school attendance boundary within which Joint Residence of the student and the student’s parents is located when the student first enters the 9th grade.

(b)           Students who are wards of the court.  A student who is otherwise eligible does not become ineligible by virtue of being made a ward of the court and placed in a residence (such as a foster home) in a different attendance boundary, except a student made a ward of the court under     ORS 419C.555 (Juvenile Code).

(c)            Foreign students on CSIET approved programs(Foreign Student Eligibility Checklist)

Rule: A student from a foreign country who is on a CSIET approved program is eligible for one year from the date of enrollment if the following criteria are met:

(1)     The student is attending a school in the attendance boundary where the host family resides.

(2)     The student satisfies the OSAA age requirement.

(3)     The student has not completed the equivalent of twelve years of education (excluding kindergarten).

(4)     The student has not previously attended a high school in the United States.

(5)     Neither the school the student attends nor any person affiliated with the school has had any input in the selection of the student.

(6)     The host family is not a member (paid or voluntary) of the school’s athletic department nor the coach/director of a non-athletic activity.

(7)     The student is not a “direct placement.”  A student is considered to be a “direct placement” for the purposes of this rule if the student was placed in a specific high school and/or with a specific host family as a result of a request from the student or the student’s family.

(8)     The student has not been terminated from the CSIET program.

Rationale:  For each international student who arrives at a U.S. high school and promptly plays at the varsity level, there is a lost participation opportunity for a student who has “paid his or her dues” in the hope of one day gaining playing time.  An international student who comes to the United States without the accompaniment of his or her parents is analogous to a domestic student who transfers without being accompanied by his or her parents.  The latter student is not typically granted immediate eligibility.

“Team shopping” is at odds with the high school model of academic primacy, and is unfair to other students and other schools.  F-1 visa programs in particular are ripe for abuse in the transfer process.  While a J-1 foreign exchange student in an approved program typically has little say in his or her school of enrollment, a student with an F-1 visa, absent a state association rule, could choose his or her school of enrollment based solely on immediate sports opportunity.  The displacement risk to other students would be immediate and irreparable. 


Rules restricting participation by certain international students promote amateurism, inhibit “power-loading” of select schools, and impede the exploitation of students by coaches and boosters.  Such rules discourage recruiting, prevent the over-emphasis of athletics, and maintain the focus of secondary schools on their primary purpose: the academic preparation of students for their adult lives.

1.       Q.    May a school administrator provide general assistance and information to assist CSIET approved programs in the placement of students in the administrator’s school district?

A.      This Executive Board Policy is intended to prohibit undue school influence in the placement of foreign student-athletes at the school.  Administrative input to CSIET approved program coordinators regarding such issues as available host families, number of placements available at the school and other input would not be a violation of the spirit of this policy so long as the input is unrelated to athletic participation.

2.       Q.    Who hears appeals involving foreign student eligibility?

A.      All foreign student eligibility appeals are initially heard by the Executive Director.

(d)           Students whose parents are divorced, legally separated or unmarried.  A student who does not maintain a Joint Residence with both parents is eligible when:

(1)     The student moves to reside with a parent in a different high school attendance area at the time the parent initiates court proceedings seeking legal separation or divorce, or upon a change of custody by court order; or

(2)     Between school years, the student moves to reside with the other parent and transfers to the school within whose attendance boundaries the other parent resides.

1.       Q.    When the parents of a student legally separate and take up residence in different high school attendance areas, what is the eligibility status of the student?

A.      At the time a student's parents initiate court proceedings seeking legal separation or divorce, the student may reside with either parent and be immediately eligible in the high school attendance area in which the parent resides.  The student also retains eligibility for any transfer back to the other parent, so long as the transfer occurs between school years.

2.       Q.    If a student transfers from one high school to another high school, how long must that student attend the second high school before the second high school principal is not required to complete an Eligible Student Transfer Certificate?

A.      The student shall be in attendance for one calendar year before it would not be necessary to complete an Eligible Student Transfer Certificate.  Once an Eligible Student Transfer Certificate is completed for a student, another need not be completed for another sport if the student has attended the school less than one year.

3.       Q.    If a student moves with his/her parents from a high school in one attendance boundary to a high school in another attendance boundary, when will the student become eligible in his/her new school?

A.      The student will become eligible when the student's parents physically move into and jointly occupy their new residence with the intent to reside there indefinitely and terminate all occupancy of their previous residence, and when the student is properly enrolled and the principal has completed the Eligible Student Transfer Certificate.

4.       Q.    When does a student become eligible if the student transfers in advance of his/her parents?

A.      If a student transfers to a high school in advance of the anticipated change of residence of the student's parents, the student shall become eligible at his/her new school when the parents physically move into and occupy the residence in that school district and the principal has completed the Eligible Student Transfer Certificate, or one year after enrolling in the new school.

5.       Q.    If a student's parents move in advance of the student to another school district, is the student eligible at the new school when he/she moves?

A.      No, to be eligible at the new school, the student must move at the same time as the parents.

6.       Q.    If a student living in a non-high school district changes from one high school to another because of the tuition contract arrangements of the non-high school board of directors, how long must the student wait before becoming eligible?

A.      The student becomes eligible when properly enrolled and the principal has completed the Eligible Student Transfer Certificate.

(e)           Students who reside on campus at a member boarding school.  Unless the student was previously eligible under Rule 8.6.3 (c) “Foreign Students on CSIET Approved Programs,” a student who transfers to reside on campus at a member boarding school between school years is eligible.

(f)            Students who transfer between school years.  A student who transfers between school years is eligible if: 

(1)     The student transfers to a full member private school, full member charter school or home school and maintains a Joint Residence.  See Rule 8.10., "Definitions" for additional information.

(2)     The student transfers to the public school within the attendance boundaries of Joint Residence and maintains a Joint Residence.

(3)     The student transfers within a multiple high school district with the approval of the administration of the multiple high school district and maintains a Joint Residence.

(4)     The student transfers between Oregon school districts under the terms of a Reciprocal Transfer Agreement and maintains a Joint Residence.

1.       Q.    When a student transfers under the terms of a Reciprocal Transfer Agreement during the school year, at what date does the student become eligible?

A.      The student becomes eligible at the beginning of the next school year following the transfer.

2.       Q.    If a student enrolls in the 9th grade of a four-year high school and then transfers between school years to the 10th grade of a three-year high school, is that student eligible at the second school?

A.      No, unless a corresponding move is completed by the student and his/her parents or the transfer is under a Reciprocal Transfer Agreement.

3.       Q.    May a student who is attending a public high school transfer to a private high school without loss of eligibility if there is no corresponding move by the student's parents?

A.      Yes, if the student continues to maintain a Joint Residence with his or her parents and the transfer is made between school years.

4.       Q.    May a student who is attending a private high school transfer to a public high school without loss of eligibility if there is no corresponding move by the student's parents?

A.      Yes, if the student continues to maintain a Joint Residence with his or her parents and the transfer is made between school years and the public high school is located within the high school attendance boundary in which the Joint Residence of the student and the student’s parents is located or the student transfers to another school district under the terms of a Reciprocal Transfer Agreement.

5.       Q.    If a student not maintaining a Joint Residence with his/her parents has been granted eligibility by an athletic district committee, would that student remain eligible if the student were to transfer to another school between school years under the terms of a Reciprocal Transfer Agreement?

A.      No.  The student would be ineligible because the transfer would not satisfy the Reciprocal Transfer Agreement eligibility requirement that the student must maintain a Joint Residence with his/her parents.

8.6.4.        Continuity Requirement.  A student who is otherwise eligible under the Rules of the Association loses eligibility for one calendar year when one or both of the student’s parents move from the attendance area of the high school the student is attending unless:

(a)        The student was enrolled in the high school at the beginning of the freshman year and the student’s parents move during the freshman year,

(b)        Continuity of enrollment is maintained by the student and the student has been enrolled in and attending the high school for at least the lesser of one full school year or one calendar year immediately preceding the move of the parents,  or

(c)         The move of one parent occurs at the time the parent initiates court proceedings seeking legal separation or divorce or upon a change in custody by court order.

1.       Q.    Once continuity is established, does a move of the student or the student’s parents affect eligibility?

A.    No, the student remains eligible at the school at which continuity was established.

8.6.5.        Transfers to a School with Affiliation.       (Student Intent to Transfer Certificate)   

Despite compliance with the other provisions of these Rules, a  high school student who attends, participates or was eligible to participate for a school, and then transfers to another school is ineligible for one calendar year from the last date of participating or receiving instruction as described below under any of the following circumstances:

(a)        The student transfers from a public, private or charter school within one calendar year after:

(1)     Participating in non-school athletics (e.g. AAU, American Legion, club team, or other non-school teams) on a team affiliated with the school to which the student transfers or may represent under Rule 8.5 – School Representation or Article 6.5 Cooperative Sponsorship, AND/OR

(2)     Receiving athletic or activities instruction, including weight training and conditioning, from a person affiliated with the school to which the student transfers or may represent under Rule 8.5 – School Representation or Article 6.5 Cooperative Sponsorship.

(3)     EXCEPTION:  The eligibility of a full member private or associate member school student who transfers to a public or private school at which the student has previously been a participant in a school sport or activity is not affected by this rule.

(b)        The student transfers from a home school within one calendar year after:

(1)        Participating in non-school athletics (e.g. AAU, American Legion, club team, or other non-school teams) on a team affiliated with the school to which the student transfers or may represent under Rule 8.5 – School Representation or Article 6.5 Cooperative Sponsorship, AND/OR

(2)        Receiving athletic or activities instruction, including weight training and conditioning, from a person affiliated with the school to which the student transfers or may represent under Rule 8.5 – School Representation or Article 6.5 Cooperative Sponsorship.

(3)        EXCEPTION:  The eligibility of a home school student who transfers to a public or private school at which the student has previously been a participant in a school sport or activity or was eligible to participate in a school sport or activity is not affected by this rule.

1.       Q.    At what point is a student considered a member of a non-school affiliated team?

A.      If a student participates in a practice or contest, that student is considered a team member and is a part of the roster.

2.       Q.    What constitutes a “team affiliated with the school”?

A.      A team is considered to be “affiliated with the school” if more than half the number of students on the team’s roster or regularly participating in practices or contests are from that school.

3.       Q.    Who is considered to be a part of the school coaching staff?

A.      A coach (paid or volunteer) is anyone involved in coaching a team that has contact with students more than three times in a sports season.

4.       Q.    Does Transfer Rule 8.6.5 apply to incoming 9th graders?

A.      No, all students are eligible when they enter the beginning year of a four-year (grades 9-12) high school for the first time.

5.       Q.    How may a student document that the transfer process was initiated prior to participating on a non-school team associated with the school to which the student is transferring?

A.      The student should complete the “Student Intent to Transfer Certificate,” or its substantial equivalent, prior to participation at the school to which the student is transferring.

6.       Q.    If a student receives instruction from a coach, then the coach moves to a different school, may the student transfer to the “new” school of the coach without jeopardizing his or her eligibility?

A.      No.  The student’s eligibility may be in jeopardy if the student transfers to the school where that coach currently coaches regardless of whether the coach’s current school is where the coach was employed at the time of the instruction.  The student’s potential ineligibility is linked to the coach from whom instruction was received, not to the school of the coach at the time of the instruction.

7.       Q.    Under Transfer Rule 8.6.5., if a student receives instruction from a coach who is also his/her parent, then the coach/parent moves to a different school, may the student transfer to the “new” school of the coach/parent without jeopardizing his/her eligibility?

A.      Yes, provided that within the last calendar year the student has not received instruction from any other person affiliated with the school to which the student transfers and/or the student has not participated on a team affiliated with the school to which the student transfers.

8.       Q.    Does receiving athletic instruction or attending a camp or clinic at which a person affiliated with the school to which a student transfers place the student’s eligibility in jeopardy under Rule 8.6.5.?

A.      YesFurther, any time a student and coach attend the same camp, instruction is considered to have taken place.

9.       Q.    If less than one calendar year has passed since a student-received instruction from a coach and the student transfers to the school of that coach, is the student eligible?

A.      No.  The period of ineligibility for a student who transfers to a school with which an instructor is affiliated (or with which a non-school team is affiliated) is one calendar year from the last time the student received instruction from the coach (or played for the school).  For example, if the student transfers to the school within one calendar year of receiving instruction, the student is ineligible until one calendar year has passed since the last date of instruction.

10.   Q.    If a student is ineligible for one year because the student participated on a non-school team associated with a school prior to transferring to that school, may the student file a hardship appeal to regain eligibility?

A.      If application of the rule will work an undue hardship upon the student due to circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s), the school at which the student wishes to participate may submit an Eligibility Request Form to the District Committee to petition for reinstatement of eligibility.

8.6.6.        Mid-Year Transfers.  A student who transfers during the school year without a move of the student’s parents is ineligible for one calendar year unless the student becomes eligible at an earlier date based upon an exception listed in Rule 8.6.3.

EXCEPTION:  In the event the transfer is between a full member school and an Associate Member school, a full member school and home school, an Associate Member school and home school, or an Associate Member school and an Associate Member school, and the school of representation pursuant to Rule 8.5.1 (a) and (d) does not change, the student remains eligible to participate at the school of representation.

1.       Q.    What is the period of ineligibility for a student that transfers mid-year from a full member public school to a full member private school?

A.      Though a mid-year transfer typically carries a one calendar year period of ineligibility, a student in this situation may be eligible at the beginning of the next school year, provided they meet all other eligibility requirements, due to the fact that the transfer would have been legal had it occurred between school years.

8.6.7.        Period of Ineligibility.  Except as otherwise provided in the Rules of the Association, any transfer resulting in ineligibility of the student renders the student ineligible for one calendar year.

8.6.8.        Transfer Hardship Appeals Procedure.  The District Committee may in individual cases, at its discretion, waive or modify the eligibility rules regarding transfer, other than transfers involving home schools (except in the circumstances described below), foreign students or alleged undue influence, when in its opinion there are circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s), or other circumstances whereby enforcement of the rule would work an undue hardship upon the student.  See Executive Board Policies, “Eligibility – District Committee” for additional information.

Except where the denial of eligibility of a home school student is based upon Oregon statutory or regulatory requirements, the District Committee may in individual cases, at its discretion, waive or modify the eligibility rules regarding transfers involving home schools when in its opinion there are circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s), or other circumstances whereby enforcement of the rule would work an undue hardship upon the student.

Other eligibility considerations, including academic eligibility, shall be considered by the District Committee when ruling on transfer eligibility requests.

Transfer cases that involve fifth year eligibility, age requests, foreign student eligibility or alleged undue influence must go directly to the Executive Director. 

In the case of a foreign student attending a member school under the auspices of a non-CSIET approved program, the Executive Director may consider whether the program is a long-standing school or community exchange program when ruling upon the appeal.

Decisions of the District Committee, which deny eligibility, may be appealed to the Eligibility Appeals Board.  See Executive Board Policies, “Eligibility Appeal Filing Fee” and “Eligibility Appeals Board” for additional information.

A decision by the Eligibility Appeals Board may be appealed to a Hearings Officer under                                      Rule 9, “Hearings Officer.”

1.       Q.    When a student transfers to a new school at the time it opens or to a school that becomes coeducational at the time it becomes coeducational, is that student eligible?

A.      Yes.  The student is eligible provided the student maintains a Joint Residence within the attendance boundaries of the school district in which the new school is located.

2.       Q.    A school drops an activity from its program, so a student transfers to another school that has the activity.  The parents do not move from one school district to another in connection with the transfer.  What is the student's eligibility status?

A.      This student will be ineligible for a period of one year from the date of his/her transfer. 

3.       Q.    How does legal guardianship apply to OSAA eligibility?

A.      Historically, guardianships have frequently been used to attempt to avoid the Fundamental Rule of the OSAA that a student only attend school in the district in which the student’s parents reside.  Consequently, the appointment of a legal guardian alone is not recognized as an exception to the fundamental rule.  If a student resides with anyone other than the student’s parents, and eligibility is sought in any district other than the one in which the student’s parents reside, the school must apply for eligibility for the student by submitting an Eligibility Request Form to the District Committee, setting forth the circumstances justifying a hardship exception to the fundamental rule.  Under no circumstances will the appointment of a guardian be tolerated as a device to circumvent the eligibility rules of OSAA.

4.       Q.    May a student who is ineligible practice with a school team?

A.      The answer depends on the nature of the ineligibility.  When a school has filed a request for eligibility for a fifth year and/or nineteen-year-old student, the student is ineligible to practice while action on the request or appeal is pending.  Other ineligible students may practice, provided local school board policy permits this.  OSAA rules prohibit any ineligible student from participating in or dressing for an interscholastic contest.

5.       Q.    At what point is a student considered to have transferred to another school?

A.      A student is considered to have transferred to another school if the student attends classes (or studies at a home school) or participates in any practices or interscholastic activities at another high school.                                                    See Rule 8.10.4., “Definitions.”

8.7.       Undue Influence

Rule:  Despite compliance with the other provisions of these Rules, any student who attends a member high school as a result of undue influence as defined in these Rules is thereafter ineligible and the high school is subject to the penalties set out in Rule 5.

For purposes of this Rule, "undue influence" is the attempt by any person (including but not limited to coaches, boosters, teachers, administrators, parents, alumni) to induce a student to attend a public or private member school or become eligible to represent a public or private school for purposes of athletic or activities participation.  Undue influence includes, without limitation, contacting a student with the intent of recruiting the student to a particular school for purposes of athletic or activities participation or promising employment or any other pecuniary benefit to the student or any member of the student's family to induce the attendance of the student at a particular school for purposes of athletic or activities participation.  It shall not be considered undue influence for authorized representatives of a private high school to contact students attending private feeder schools to induce their attendance at the private high school or for authorized representatives of public high schools to so contact students within that public high school's attendance boundaries.

Rationale:  The objective of the Undue Influence rule is to prevent member schools, and persons affiliated with a member school, from exerting an undue influence on students with a goal of securing or retaining a student for athletic or activities purposes.  This rule serves the substantial interests of Association members of prioritizing academics over competition, protecting young students from exploitation, ensuring an even playing field among competing schools, providing for equitable competition in Association sports and activities, and protecting the physical welfare of students engaging in contact sports.

1.       Q.    Does the undue influence rule apply only during the Association year?

A.      No.  The undue influence rule applies at all times.

2.       Q.    Does the undue influence rule apply prior to attending high school?

A.      Yes.

3.       Q.    Is it considered undue influence to initiate contact with a student from another school at any game or contest for the purpose of discussing athletic or activities programs?

A.      Yes.  Any contact initiated by a coach or other school representative with a student from another school for the purpose of athletic or activities recruitment is considered undue influence.

4.       Q.    Is it considered undue influence for a school to send recruiting letters to students who already are enrolled in a high school?

A.      Yes.

5.       Q.    Is it considered undue influence for a private school to send general information letters to students enrolled in public middle schools?

A.      Yes.  Private schools are only allowed to send general information letters to large groups of students in their own feeder systems.  Private schools are not allowed to send a general information letter to a student currently enrolled in a public feeder school unless the family of the student has specifically requested information about the private school.

6.       Q.    Is it considered undue influence for a school representative to discuss that school's athletic or activities program with a visiting student?

A.      It would not be considered undue influence if the student had contacted the school first to request information about the athletic or activities program.

7.       Q.    Is it considered undue influence for a school representative to contact an athlete or activities participant in a multiple high school district about enrolling in another school in that district primarily for the purpose of athletics or activities?

A.      Yes.

8.       Q.    What are other examples of undue influence?

A.      If selected individuals are offered free transportation, invited to attend practice or games, or offered or awarded any privileges or considerations not offered to other students, whether athletes or non-athletes, those offers or awards would be examples of undue influence.

9.       Q.    What are some allowable practices that would not be considered undue influence?

A.      1) Visits to junior high and/or middle schools by invitation, conducted by approved school representatives.  2) Open houses.  3) Broad-based informational mailings to students in that school’s feeder system.  4) Sports clinics with open registration.

10.   Q.    Is it permissible for a school to have “Sports Night” or a similar event at which all members of youth teams in that school’s feeder system are allowed free entry to athletic contests at the school?

A.      So long as the free entry is afforded to ALL team members and not limited to selected athletes, such an event would not be considered a violation of the Undue Influence rule.

11.   Q.    Is it considered undue influence if a private school sends information to individual elementary/middle school athletes or activities participants?

A.      Yes.  Informational materials may be sent by a private school to ALL the team members and/or participants in that school’s feeder system, but may not be sent only to an individual athlete or activities participants unless the family of the student has specifically requested information about the private school.

8.8.       Misrepresentation.  Misrepresentation, such as an incorrect address, or participating under an assumed name in any interscholastic contest, shall make the student ineligible for the remainder of that sport season and for any additional period of time determined by the Executive Board, and in addition, the school shall be subject to any further penalty under Rule 5 the Executive Board may impose.

8.9.       Hardship                                                                                       (Eligibility Request Form)

8.9.1.        All Other Requests (Except Transfer, Fifth Year and Age Requests)

The Executive Director, in individual cases may, at his/her discretion, and upon terms and conditions as he/she may impose, waive or modify any eligibility rule, except the transfer, fifth year and age rules, when in his/her opinion there are circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s), or other circumstances whereby enforcement of the rule would work an undue hardship upon the student.

A decision of the Executive Director may be appealed to the Executive Board.  A decision of the Executive Board may be appealed to a Hearings Officer under Rule 9, “Hearings Officer.”

1.       Q.    Will hardship requests involving future eligibility be considered by the Executive Director, Executive Board or a District Athletic Committee (transfer and discrimination only)?

A.      Generally no.  The student must actually be in an ineligible status before any hardship request will be considered except as otherwise provided by Rules 8.2.4 and 8.3.1.

2.       Q.    May a student who is ineligible practice with a school team?

A.      The answer depends on the nature of the ineligibility.  When a school has filed a request for eligibility for a fifth year and/or nineteen-year-old student, the student is ineligible to practice while action on the request or appeal is pending.  Other ineligible students may practice, provided local school board policy permits this.  OSAA rules prohibit any ineligible student from participating in or dressing for an interscholastic contest, including pre-game warm-ups.

3.       Q.    May an ineligible student sit with a school team on the bench and perform managerial duties?

A.      Yes, within the limits any local of school board policy.  The student is prohibited from participating in pre-game warm-ups or appearing on the team bench in uniform.

4.       Q.    May the District Athletic Committee or the Executive Director consider a hardship appeal from a home school student who is ineligible under OSAA transfer rules?

A.      Neither the District Athletic Committee nor the Executive Director may consider a home school student's hardship appeal if the ineligibility is as a result of requirements set out in Oregon law or Administrative Rules adopted by the Department of Education, e.g., the student seeks to participate for a school in whose attendance boundaries the student does not reside, or the student does not achieve a composite test score that places the student at or above the 23rd percentile based on national norms.  See ORS 339.460.  However, the District Athletic Committee or the Executive Director may consider a home school student's hardship appeal if the ineligibility is as a result of an OSAA regulation that is not required by Oregon law or Administrative Rules.

5.       Q.    May a second hardship appeal be brought to either the District Athletic Committee or the Executive Director based on the same set of facts?

A.      No.

8.10.     Definitions.  For purposes of these Rules, the following definitions apply:

8.10.1.         "Joint Residence" is the place where both the student and the student's parents reside (or, if the student is a ward of the court, where the student resides pursuant to court order).  The student and the student's parents reside in a place when they occupy a dwelling for all purposes, with the intent to live there indefinitely and terminate all occupancy of their previous residence.  If a student has only one parent, that student’s Joint Residence is the residence of that student and his/her parent.

8.10.2.         A “home school student” is a student described in ORS 339.030(3), who has met the requirements established under ORS 339.035.

8.10.3.         A student “resides on campus at a member boarding school” when the student lives in a residence owned by the school district, or leased by the school district and approved by the Executive Director.

8.10.4.         A student “transfers” if the student attended classes (or studied at a home school) or participated in any practices or interscholastic activities at another high school.

8.10.5.          “Between school years” is after the end of an Association Year and before a student participates in practice or attends classes during the next Association Year. 

8.10.6.         A “Reciprocal Transfer Agreement” is an inter-district agreement between two school districts that transfers funding from one district to another under ORS 339.133 (5) (a).

8.10.7.         A team is considered to be “affiliated with the school” if:

(a)     The team is organized by and/or coached by any coach, booster, teacher, administrator, parent or any other person associated with that school, and/or

(b)     The majority of the members of the team are students who attend that school or who represent that school in that team’s activity.

8.10.8.         A person is considered to be “affiliated with the school” if that person is a coach, booster, teacher, administrator, parent or any other person associated with that school.

9.       Rule 9 – Hearings Officer

9.1.        Appointment.  The Executive Board shall appoint one or more Hearings Officers to whom all final determinations of the Association, including decisions made by the Executive Board and the Eligibility Appeals Board, may be appealed.

9.2.        Appeals Procedure.  A final determination of the Association relating to student eligibility under Rule 8 may be appealed by a member school, the student declared to be ineligible, or the student’s parent or guardian.  A final determination of the Association regarding all matters other than eligibility determinations may be appealed only by a member school.  A party may appeal a final determination by making a written complaint to Association staff, as provided in Rule 9.4.  A school, student, or parent or guardian must exhaust this administrative remedy prior to seeking relief in any other forum or by any other means.  The written complaint must be received by Association staff within 30 calendar days of the final determination of the Association, or the right to appeal is forfeited.  The Hearings Officer shall cause the appropriate hearing notices to be served and, except as otherwise provided in the Rules, the matter heard as a contested case in accordance with ORS 183.411 to ORS 183.470.  The hearing shall be held at the office of the Association in Wilsonville, Oregon or by telephone, at the discretion of the Hearings Officer.  Parties or witnesses may appear by telephone, at the discretion of the Hearings Officer.   

9.3.        Final Determination.  A final determination as described in section 9.2 occurs upon a final ruling made by the Association, including a conclusive ineligibility ruling made by the Executive Board or the Eligibility Appeals Board.

9.4.        Complaint.  A written complaint made to the Association staff shall include an appeal fee of $250 and state:

9.4.1.        The name and address of the person making the complaint and the name of the student(s) affected by the delay or denial.  If a member school is making the complaint, the complaint shall include a statement that the petitioner is an authorized representative of the member school;

9.4.2.        A statement describing the way in which the petitioner asserts that the determination of the Association violates a state or federal law, an administrative rule, or the Rules of the OSAA, and whether the petitioner wishes to provide additional evidence beyond that which was produced previously, and if so, what that evidence will establish;

9.4.3.        The authority from whose decision the appeal is brought; and

9.4.4.        The relief requested.

9.5.        Appeals.  A final order issued by the Hearings Officer may be appealed to a proper Circuit Court of the State of Oregon. 



MUSIC RULES                      (Band/Orchestra Handbook)             (Choir Handbook) (Solo Music Handbook)

The Music Rules for the Association are the same as the Rules previously listed in the OSAA Handbook with the following exceptions:

1.       Rule 1 – Responsibility of the Member School and  Principal

1.4.        Athletic Director and Coach CertificationCertification of Coach Eligibility does not apply to music directors.

1.       Q.    Must an authorized representative be present with each group or participant at each music event?

A.    Yes, the principal or his/her authorized representative must be present at each music event.

2.       Rule 2Officials

2.1.       The Band/Orchestra, Choir and Solo Music Handbooks shall govern the adjudicating of all competitive state music events and OSAA League/Special District and/or OMEA District qualifying events.

2.2.       Adjudicators for state events shall be recommended by the State Championships Directors.  The OSAA shall approve adjudicators for state events.

2.3.       Adjudicators for OSAA League/Special District and/or OMEA District qualifying events shall be selected by local contest chair.

1.       Q.    Must OSAA Leagues/Special Districts and/or OMEA Districts, invitational or local contests and festivals follow the Band/Orchestra, Choir and Solo Music Handbooks in their contest format?

A.      Only if they wish to enable schools to qualify for a state event.  The handbook format has flexible recommendations that could be used regardless of local festival philosophy or needs, e.g., competitive vs. non-competitive.

2.       Q.    Must all adjudicators be selected from the OMEA "approved" lists?

A.      No, unless schools wish to qualify for a state event.  If state qualification is desired, certified adjudicators must be used.  Exceptions may be made for out-of-state adjudicators by OSAA approval.

3.       Rule 3Contests – Sportsmanship – Crowd Control

1.       Q.    Would full member schools be permitted to participate with OSAA schools that have not elected to participate in state music competitions?

A.      Yes.

2.       Q.    May a band and choir from the same school participate in the state band and choral events?

A.      Yes.  They are separate activities.  A school may also enter both a full and a string orchestra.

NOTE:  Rule 4 and Rule 5 are the same as stated in the Rules section.

6.       Rule 6 – Association Sports / Activities.

6.7.        Music events sanctioned by the OSAA may take place throughout the Association Year. 

6.9.        There shall be no limits on the number of music events in which schools may participate, other than those imposed by the individual school districts.

7.       Rule 7 – Out-of-Season and Non-School Activities

7.1.    Individuals and groups of students from a member school may participate in summer instructional, recreational, or competitive music programs, except during Moratorium Week.

8.         Rule 8 – Individual Eligibility

Individual eligibility rules to be satisfied by a music student in order to represent his or her full member school in competitive Choir, Band and Orchestra music activities are the same as for any other OSAA sport or activity with the following additional rules.

8.1.       School Music Class Participation Requirement.  An eligible music student shall be enrolled in the class for the appropriate performing ensemble at the full member school to participate in competitive Choir, Band and Orchestra music activities.

EXAMPLES:

Vocalists shall be enrolled in a choir class.

Woodwind/Brass/Percussion players shall be enrolled in a band class.

String players shall be enrolled in a string/orchestra class.            

8.2.       3A, 2A, 1A BAND/ORCHESTRA/CHOIR EXCEPTION.  For 3A, 2A and 1A schools, students in the 7th and/or 8th grades of feeder schools may represent the high school they will be attending in Choir, Band and Orchestra competitions.

1.       Q.    If a student musician is not enrolled in the “appropriate performance ensemble” class available at the full member school, may that student musician participate at the league large group (Choir, Band, Orchestra) music contest or OSAA large group (Choir, Band, Orchestra) music contest representing the school?

A.      No.

2.       Q.    If a student musician is not enrolled in the “appropriate performance ensemble” class available at the full member school they wish to represent, may that student musician participate at the OMEA district or OSAA Solo Music State Championships representing that school?

A.      Yes, provided they meet all other OSAA eligibility requirements.  There is no music class requirement for Solo Music participation.

3.       Q.    Must a home school student be enrolled in the “appropriate performance ensemble” at their resident public school to be eligible for competitive Choir, Band and Orchestra music activities?

A.      Yes.

4.       Q.    Must a student participating in an event which the school will use to qualify for state competition be eligible to participate in that event?

A.      Yes.

5.       Q.    What are examples of competitive music activities at which attendees are required to satisfy OSAA individual eligibility rules?

A.      Any performance at which judges/adjudicators provide places, scores or ratings is considered a music competition regardless of whether the performance is by a group or is a solo performance.

6.       Q.    What are examples of music performances that are not considered competitions, so the OSAA individual eligibility rules would not apply?

A.      A performance by a group or soloist is not considered a music competition if there are no judges/adjudicators present OR if judges/adjudicators are present but “comments only” (no scores or ratings) are provided to the performers.  School music performances such as concerts, pep assemblies, football games, etc. are not considered music competitions, nor are pep band performances at the lower classification basketball championships where community representatives sometimes provide awards.

7.       Q.    Do OSAA individual eligibility rules apply only to a school’s top group (Choir / Band / Orchestra)?

A.      No.  Any group or student who participates in a competitive Choir, Band and Orchestra music activity is governed by OSAA individual eligibility rules regardless of the performance level.


SPEECH RULES                                                                                                                                                            (Speech Handbook)

The SPEECH Rules for the Association are the same as the Rules previously listed in this handbook with the following exceptions:

1.       Rule 1 – Responsibility of the Member School and  Principal

1.4.        Athletic Director and Coach CertificationCertification of Coach Eligibility does not apply to speech coaches.

1.       Q.    Must an authorized representative be present with each team at each event?

A.      Yes, the principal or his/her authorized representative must be present at each event.

2.       Rule 2 - Judges

2.1.        The Speech Handbook shall govern the judging of all district and state speech activities except as defined by this rule. 

2.2.        Judges shall be chosen by host school or school designate.

NOTE:  Rule 3, Rule 4 and Rule 5 are the same as stated in the Rules section.

6.       Rule 6 – Association Activities.

6.7.        The Speech year starts the first day of the Association Year and ends after the State Championships, except for those schools participating in the National Forensic League Tournament.

6.9.        Each school may attend no more than 20 speech tournaments per year, not counting the National Forensics League, district tournament or state championships.

7.       Rule 7 – Out-of-Season and Non-School Activities

7.1.        Member schools may not enter a team or individual participant in any contest other than those, which have received approval from the OSAA, except local level, single community events.

7.2.        Any organization, local or state, contemplating such a contest should write to the OSAA and ask the Executive Director in charge of activities for an application.

1.       Q.    May a school participate in an invitational speech tournament without being registered with the OSAA to participate in speech activities?

A.      Yes, but the school would not be eligible for the speech district or state championships.

2.       Q.    Must national and state level speaking contests be sanctioned by the OSAA?

A.      All speech tournaments in Oregon must be sanctioned by the OSAA.  The OSAA exercises no jurisdiction over national speaking contests.  School may also wish to refer to the NASSP advisory list for nationally approved contests.

8.       Rule 8Individual Eligibility

Individual eligibility rules to be satisfied by a student in order to represent his or her school in competitive speech activities are the same as for any other OSAA sport or activity.

 


EXECUTIVE BOARD POLICIES

Pursuant to its authority under Article 5.3. of the OSAA Constitution, the Executive Board has adopted the following policies.

1.       AD HOC COMMITTEE PROCEDURES

The following policy for the appointment of ad hoc committees and committee meetings is in effect:

A.       Committees will be appointed by the president of the association with an effort to obtain classification and geographical balance when appropriate.

B.       Ad hoc committees will meet for a specified purpose determined by the Executive Board or Delegate Assembly of the association.  Upon completion of its assigned task, as determined by the Executive Board or by the Delegate Assembly, a committee automatically is terminated.

C.       The size of committees will be limited, keeping in mind the complexity of the assigned task and the costs involved with larger groups.

D.       All meetings will be held in the association office unless approved otherwise by the Executive Director.

E.        Frequency of meetings will be limited to a reasonable number in order to accomplish the purpose of the committee.

F.        An OSAA executive staff member will be in attendance at all meetings unless approved otherwise by the Executive Director.

G.       All correspondence will be directed through the OSAA office.

H.       All expenditures will be approved in advance by the Executive Director.

2.       ADDING A NEW SPORT                                                     (Adding a New Sport after the Deadline)                (Revised Fall 2008)

A.       Adding a New Sport Prior To Executive Board Adoption of Sport Specific Regular and Special Athletic Districts.

1)       Any full member school may add a sport by indicating sponsorship of the sport on the Pre-Selection Survey submitted to the OSAA prior to Executive Board adoption of sport specific regular and special athletic districts.

2)       The Executive Board Meetings at which the sport specific regular and special athletic districts are adopted are:

a)       Fall SportsFebruary Executive Board Meeting.

b)       Winter SportsMay Executive Board Meeting.

c)       Spring SportsSeptember Executive Board Meeting.

3)       If the OSAA is notified of the addition of the sport prior to the above listed Executive Board meeting for the season of that sport, the school’s team in that sport shall be eligible for district or state honors, and league approval is not required for the addition of the sport.

B.       Adding a New Sport After Executive Board Adoption of Sport Specific Regular and Special Athletic Districts.

1)       Should a full member school wish to add a new sport after Executive Board adoption of sport specific regular and special districts, and the school wishes the team to be eligible for district and state honors, the following procedure shall be followed:

a)       The school shall complete and submit to the OSAA an “Adding a New Sport after the Deadline” form.

b)       The form must include the signature of a representative of the regular or special district in which the team will be added indicating league support for the addition.

c)       The form must be received by the OSAA by the first contest date for that sport.

2)       Should a full member school wish to add a new sport after Executive Board adoption of sport specific regular and special districts, and the school does NOT wish the team to be eligible for district and state honors, the following procedure shall be followed:

a)       The school shall complete and submit to the OSAA an “Adding a New Sport after the Deadline” form.

b)       The signature of a representative of the regular or special district in which the team will be added indicating league support for the addition is NOT required.                                                                                                                  

1.       Q.    If a school wishes to add a sport, when must it notify the OSAA office of its intentions?

A.      In general, if a school wishes to add a sport and be eligible for district or state honors, it must notify the OSAA office prior to Executive Board adoption of sport specific regular and special athletic districts.  However, if the school has approval from the receiving league/special district, the deadline for sponsorship of a sport is the first contest date of that sport’s season.

2.       Q.    What is the procedure a school should follow in order to add a sport after the Executive Board adoption, but prior to the first contest date?

A.      A school wishing to add sport after the Executive Board adoption of sport specific regular and special athletic districts, but prior to the first contest date should request the addition of the sport using the prescribed OSAA form.  The form must be 1) completed and signed by the chairperson of the receiving regular or special district; 2) submitted to the OSAA prior to the first contest date of that sport’s season in order for the school to be eligible for district or state honors in that sport.  The OSAA will invoice the school for the activity fee.

3.       ADMINISTRATOR WORKSHOP ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT            (2015 Workshop Schedule)                (Revised Fall 2006)

A.       Each member school shall ensure that at least one representative participates in one of the annual Administrator Workshops presented by OSAA staff.  Roll shall be taken at the Workshops to confirm compliance with this policy.

B.       Should it be determined that a member school failed to have a representative at any of the Administrator Workshops, that school shall be placed on probation during the Association year of non-attendance.  The Executive Board shall consider the probationary status of the school when assigning penalties for any violations of OSAA Regulations by the school that might occur during the period of probation.                                                                                                                                        

4.       ATTACHED AND UNATTACHED COMPETITION / EXHIBITION                                                                         (Revised August 2012)

Following is the policy regarding attached and unattached competition:

A.       A high school team shall not compete against an unattached team (e.g., club team).

B.       Students representing a high school shall not compete against unattached individuals.

C.       Students shall not represent a high school and participate in a competition or exhibition as unattached on the same day at the same venue/facility.                                                                                                                                                            

5.       BAND FESTIVALS, BAND DAYS AND PERFORMANCES

There is no limit on the number of band festivals or band days in which a school may participate other than a limit that may be imposed by a local Board of Education on its high school band(s).

6.       CAMPS – ATHLETIC CAMPS AND TEAM MEALS

A.       Athletic camps are permissible only during the defined sports season.  Any group meeting for a sport outside the defined sports season during the OSAA year would be considered an athletic camp if any of the following criteria are met:

1)       Students, as a team, are housed and/or fed at the school.

2)       Students, as a team, are housed, and/or fed away from the school.

3)       Students, as a team, are taken on an outing such as to the mountains or to the beach.

B.       An athletic team may be fed during the season for a sport, or immediately after the season (awards banquet).

7.       CAMPS – COMMERCIAL SUMMER CAMPS                                                                                                                (Revised Fall 2002)

A.       Athletics.  The Executive Board recognizes the prerogative of parents to determine the activities of their children during the summer, non-school period.  Participation in a commercial summer camp is strictly a volunteer choice of the parents, and in no way can a student be required to attend regardless of how fees for participation are covered.  Service clubs, school organizations or schools may pay fees for participation according to their own school and/or district policies.

B.       Student Activities (Dance/Drill, Music, Cheerleading, Speech).  Service clubs, school organizations or schools may pay for student activities participants to attend commercial summer camps.  Schools may set their own policies requiring student activities participants to attend commercial summer camps.                                                                                                 

8.       CERTIFICATION – ATHLETIC DIRECTORS AND COACHES                                                                                         (Revised Fall 2015)

Athletic directors and coaches shall achieve certification in the following areas prior to assuming duties as an athletic director or coach.  The high school principal shall be held accountable for verifying that athletic directors and coaches have been certified.  EXCEPTION: Any emergency exception to an OSAA requirement must be authorized in writing by the OSAA.

A.       NFHS Fundamentals of Coachinghttp://nfhslearn.com/

The OSAA requires that athletic directors and coaches must achieve a passing score on the test included with the NFHS Fundamentals of Coaching course.  This is a one-time requirement.

B.       Concussion Recognition and Management Traininghttp://nfhslearn.com/

The OSAA and Oregon State Law (ORS 336.485) requires that athletic directors and coaches receive training to learn how to recognize the symptoms of a concussion and how to seek proper medical treatment for a person suspected of having a concussion.  The NFHS’s Concussion in Sports free course satisfies this requirement.  This training is required annually. 

C.       NFHS Heat Illness Preventionhttp://nfhslearn.com/

The OSAA requires that athletic directors and coaches must achieve a passing score on the test included with the NFHS’s Heat Illness Prevention free course.  This is an every other year requirement.

D.       Anabolic Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Substances Traininghttp://www.ode.state.or.us/search/page/?=2571

The OSAA and Oregon State Law (ORS 342.726) requires that athletic directors and coaches receive training on identifying the components of anabolic steroid abuse and use and prevention strategies for the use of performance-enhancing substances.  This training is required once every four years. 

E.        Spirit Safety Clinic (Cheerleading and Dance/Drill Coaches Only)http://www.osaa.org/activities/che

F.        The OSAA requires that any cheerleading or dance/drill coach attend an OSAA Spirit Safety Clinic by the first day of the Association year in which that person serves as a coachShould a cheerleading/dance drill coach fail to attend an OSAA Spirit Safety Clinic by the first day of the Association Year, the squad of the non-attending coach shall be prohibited from performing partner stunts, lifts or tumbling until the coach has attended a clinic.  This training is required annually. 

G.       Heads Up Football Certificationhttp://www.osaa.org/activities/fbl/management

Football coaches only; recommended for Fall 2015; required for Fall 2016).  The OSAA requires that any football coach complete the USA Football Heads Up Certification prior to assuming coaching duties and to recertify annually through an online exam prior to the beginning of each Association year.  Additionally, each member school sponsoring football is required to identify a Player Safety Coach.  Each Player Safety Coach Is required to attend an in person clinic annually prior to the start of the Association year that is conducted by a USA Football Master Trainer in preparation for implementing and overseeing the primary components of Heads Up Football at their school.

1.       Q.    Does certification through the American Sport Education Program (ASEP) satisfy the requirement in Rule 1.4?

A.      Yes, so long as the athletic director or coach was certified through ASEP prior to August 1, 2007.  Thereafter, only the NFHS Coach Education Program “Fundamentals of Coaching” will satisfy this requirement unless an exception is granted in writing by the OSAA.

2.       Q.  When must a coach be certified?

A.      All coaches must be certified prior to assuming coaching duties unless an emergency exception is authorized in writing by the OSAA.  This includes cheerleading coaches, dance/drill coaches and choreographers at schools that do not participate in competitions.

3.       Q.    Is certification required of volunteer coaches?

A.      Yes.

4.       Q.    Must a “guest” coach be certified?

A.      No, but if the coach has contact with students more than three times in a sport season, the coach shall no longer be considered a “guest” and must be certified.  A non-certified “guest” coach may not serve as a coach at a contest.

5.       Q.    May a school bring in alumni or other non-high school personnel to scrimmage with teams or individuals as “guest coaches” if those personnel are limited to student contact on no more than three occasions during the sport season?

A.      No.  The “guest coach” exception is intended to allow a limited number of visits by a guest instructor; it is NOT intended to allow coaches to bring in coaches or players to participate in drills or scrimmages against teams or individuals.  Any attempt to circumvent the Participation Limitations by calling practice participants “guest coaches” would be a violation of OSAA rules.

6.       Q.    In individual sports, may a parent or non-certified coach accompany a participant to a contest as the school representative if that person is an authorized representative of the principal?

A.      Yes, but the authorized representative may not coach the participant unless specific permission has      been granted in writing by the Executive Director.

7.       Q.    Does the OSAA require high school coaches to have current first aid certification?

A.      No.  However, coaches should check with their athletic directors as most high schools have this as a requirement.

9.       CHARITABLE CAUSES                                                                                                                                                                   (Fall 2012)

The OSAA is supportive of charitable initiatives and has developed guidelines in regards to an athletic competition being held in the name of a charitable cause.  Schools may host a contest in recognition of a charitable cause under the following conditions:

  1. Uniform color must be legal under NFHS rules.  Example:  Breast cancer awareness pink uniforms would not be legal in sports that require “white and dark” uniforms because pale pink is neither.  Pale pink would be a legal color uniform in sports that require “LIGHT and dark” uniforms.
  2. A permanently attached commemorative patch may be worn but must adhere to NFHS rules in each specific sport.
  3. Colored game balls may not be used during competition unless they are legal under NFHS rules.  They may be used during any warm-up period prior to the contest, except in softball and baseball.
  4. Basketball Only.  Pink headbands or wristbands, not legal under NFHS basketball rules unless pink is a school color, are allowed.  Note that all team members must be uniform in color of headbands or wristbands.
  5. Officials may use a colored whistle.                                                                                                                                            

10.   CHEERLEADING – SQUAD SIZE LIMITATIONS                                                                                                      (Revised Spring 2006)

A.       If a school has more than one varsity cheerleading squad, the cheerleaders representing the school at an event shall be limited to persons who are members of the varsity squad for that sport season.

B.       The number of cheerleaders permitted at Basketball State Championships is as follows:

1)       6A, 5A – One advisor and a maximum of 16 members of the varsity cheerleading squad in uniform, including mascots, shall be admitted free of charge.

2)       4A, 3A, 2A, 1A – One advisor and a maximum of 12 members of the varsity cheerleading squad in uniform, including mascots, shall be admitted free of charge.

3)       Schools may buy tickets for additional cheerleaders but may not place more than the maximum number cited above on the sidelines at any one time.

C.       The number of cheerleaders permitted at Football State Championship contests shall be 20.

D.       Squad size for routines performed prior to the contest, during time outs and for halftime entertainment may exceed the maximum limit so long as the additional members return to the stands when the contest resumes.

11.   CHEMICAL HEALTH POSITION                                                                                                                                     (Revised Fall 2015)

A.       The Oregon School Activities Association recognizes that the misuse or abuse of chemicals or substances, including alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, illegal drugs, e-cigarettes or other nicotine delivery products, prescription medications and dietary/food supplements can harm the educational experience of high school students, having a negative impact on behavior, learning, achievement and character developmentFurthermore, the OSAA is opposed to the use of chemicals or substances for the purpose of obtaining an unsportsmanlike competitive advantage.

B.       The OSAA recommends that each of its member schools have, and regularly update, policies regarding chemical/substance use, in consultation with health care professionals, in order to meet the school’s educational goals/mission while maintaining the fundamental values of health, safety and sportsmanship.  To that end, the OSAA recommends that all student-athletes and their families consult with their primary health care providers before taking any medication or supplement.  No school personnel or coach should dispense any chemical, substance, drug, or supplement unless specifically permitted to do so by state regulations and/or school district policy. 

C.       The OSAA abides by all state laws and district policies pertaining to the use of tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and illegal drugs.  As a general rule, OSAA activities' sites shall be tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and illegal drug free during OSAA events.  All persons in attendance shall refrain from use of such substances at all OSAA activities and are prohibited from being influenced or impaired by such substances at all event facilities.                                                                                                             

1.       Q.    Does the OSAA have a rule regarding the use of tobacco, alcohol, cannabis or drugs by students?

A.      The OSAA does not condone the use of tobacco, alcohol, cannabis or drugs, and supports district and/or league policies as well as state laws, which control their use.

12.   CLASSIFICATION – EMERGENCY TRANSFER

A.       Any school requesting an emergency transfer from one classification to another shall submit its request, together with approval of the local school board, in writing to the Executive Board by October 15.

B.       The Executive Board shall make its decision at the December Executive Board meeting.

13.   CLASSIFICATION – PLAYING UP                                                                                                                                           (March 2006)

In considering a petition under Article 6.2.4.(b), the same criteria applied to all other classification and districting decisions (See Article 9.2.1(d)) shall be considered with respect to whether to grant or deny the petition, except that where a school has petitioned to “play up” in a classification for larger schools, the weight given to “enrollment” will be less than the weight that “enrollment” would otherwise be given in making classification and districting decisions.

14.   COED TEAMS                                                                                                                                                                   (Revised Fall 2005)

A.       School districts are encouraged to continue to provide equal opportunity for boys and girls in all sports.

B.       Girls may, at the discretion of the local school board, participate with boys in any interscholastic activity if there is no girls’ team or equal opportunity for participation.  If girls are permitted to participate on a team designated for boys, the team shall compete against a designated boys’ team and not against a designated girls’ team.

C.       A girl who competes on a boys’ team during the regular season in cross country or golf has the option to either continue to participate as a member of the boys’ team at the district contest, or compete as an individual at the district contest for girls in that sport provided that the school has registered for that sport with the OSAA.                 See Executive Board Policies, “Adding a New Sport” for more information.

D.       If boys are permitted to participate on a team designated for girls, the team shall compete against a designated boys’ team and not against a designated girls’ team.

15.   CONCUSSION MANAGEMENT                   (Concussion-Return to Participation Medical Release)                  (Revised Fall 2015)

A.       Member School’s Responsibilities (Max’s Law, ORS 336.485, OAR 581-022-0421) (Jenna’s Law, ORS 417.875)  

1)       Suspected or Diagnosed Concussion.  Any athlete who exhibits signs, symptoms or behaviors consistent with a concussion following an observed or suspected blow to the head or body, or who has been diagnosed with a concussion, shall not be permitted to return to that athletic contest or practice, or any other athletic contest or practice on that same day.  In schools which have the services of an athletic trainer registered by the Oregon Board of Athletic Trainers, that athletic trainer may determine that an athlete has not exhibited signs, symptoms or behaviors consistent with a concussion, and has not suffered a concussion, and return the athlete to play.  Athletic trainers may also work in consultation with an appropriate Health Care Professional (see below) in determining when an athlete is able to return to play following a concussion.

2)       Return to Participation.  Until an athlete who has suffered a concussion is no longer experiencing signs, symptoms, or behaviors consistent with a concussion, and a medical release form signed by an appropriate Health Care Professional (Physician (MD), Physician’s Assistant (PA), Doctor of Osteopathic (DO) licensed by the Oregon State Board of Medicine, nurse practitioner licensed by the Oregon State Board of Nursing, or Psychologist licensed by the Oregon Board of Psychologist Examiners) is obtained, the athlete shall not be permitted to return to athletic activity.

3)       Private Schools Only.                              (Concussion-Private School Informed Consent)

On an annual basis prior to participation, private schools shall require each student and at least one parent or legal guardian of the student to sign the Concussion – Private School Informed Consent form acknowledging the receipt of information regarding symptoms and warning signs of concussions.  Private schools shall maintain a copy of each student’s signed form on file for review at any time by OSAA staff. 

B.       Official’s Responsibilities.

An official shall remove a player from a contest when that player exhibits signs, symptoms or behaviors consistent with a concussion due to an observed or suspected blow to the head or body.  The official shall document and notify the head coach or his/her designee making sure that the head coach or designee understands that the player is being removed for exhibiting signs, symptoms or behaviors consistent with a concussion as opposed to behavior, a non-concussive injury or other reasons.  The official is not responsible for evaluation or management of the player after he/she is removed from play.  The official does not need written permission for a player to return nor does the official need to verify the credentials of the appropriate health care professional who has cleared the player to return.  The responsibility of further evaluating and managing the symptomatic player falls upon the school and appropriate health care professionals. 

16.   COOPERATIVE SPONSORSHIP                                              (Cooperative Sponsorship Application)                  (Revised Fall 2015)

In order for two or more schools to qualify for cooperative sponsorship as permitted in Article 6.5., they must meet the following requirements:

A.       Who May Apply.  Only full member schools may apply for cooperative sponsorship, not families or individuals.  Cooperating schools should be located in the same geographic area.  Schools requesting cooperative sponsorship approval should make every effort to co-sponsor an activity with the nearest school that also has difficulty sponsoring the activity by itself.  Cooperative sponsorship shall be considered only for 4A, 3A, 2A and 1A schools.

EXCEPTION:  The Executive Board also may approve cooperative sponsorships involving 4A, 3A, 2A or 1A schools with a 6A or 5A school if the 4A, 3A, 2A or 1A schools are located in an isolated area, are unable to find a closer 4A, 3A, 2A or 1A school willing to enter into a cooperative sponsorship agreement, or if the two schools are physically housed in the same building where students take classes together.

B.       Classification.  Classification placement for the requested activity will be determined by the total combined ADM in grades 9-12 of the schools involved.

EXCEPTION:  If the total combined ADM in grades 9 through 12 causes the cooperative team to qualify for a higher classification, the schools requesting permission for a cooperative team may petition the Executive Board for an exception to this provision.  Factors that may be considered by the Executive Board when evaluating a petition for an exception may include, but are not limited to, number of participants from each school, how much the combined ADM exceeds the classification cutoff point, and geographic considerations.

C.       School Board Approval Requirement.  The Governing Boards of the schools involved in the cooperative sponsorship shall jointly apply for such sponsorship listing reasons for the request.

D.       Regular or Special District Approval Requirement.  Cooperative sponsorship applicants shall obtain approval from the regular or special district in which the proposed cooperative team will participate and submit the approval form with the Cooperative Sponsorship Application.  Regular and special districts are encouraged to consider the philosophy discussed at the end of this Executive Board Policy when reviewing requests for support of a cooperative sponsorship application.

E.        Deadline for Application/Dissolution.  The deadline for application or for dissolution for a cooperative sponsorship shall be the first contest date of the season in which the cooperatively sponsored team is to compete.

F.        Timeline for Approval.  The Executive Board will attempt to act on an application at its next regular meeting following receipt of the application.  However, the Executive Director can make a decision, subject to approval by the Executive Board.

G.       Duration of Approval.  Any approved cooperative sponsorship shall be limited in duration to the remainder of the time block per application.  If an application for cooperative sponsorship is granted for multiple years and the cooperating schools choose not to cooperatively sponsor a team during any year of the agreement, it will be necessary for the schools to reapply for permission to cooperatively sponsor a team during the remaining term of the agreement using the most recent ADM figures available.                                                                                                                                                                             

Cooperative Sponsorship Philosophy

The philosophy that will guide the OSAA Executive Board in reviewing and approving applications for cooperative sponsorship of activities is as follows:

A.       The Executive Board will attempt to increase the number of students who are participating in activities by making activities available for students that would not be available in their school because of a lack of numbers if joint sponsorship did not occur.

B.       The Executive Board would prefer to see projects that combine smaller schools for sponsorship of an activity rather than a small school program combining with a larger school when the smaller school cannot support the activity alone because of a lack of numbers.

C.       Improving the quality of a team (e.g., better won-lost record) will not be a valid criterion in deciding whether approval should be granted.

D.       Agreements are limited in duration to the remainder of the time block but may be terminated by the Executive Board under the following conditions:

1)       Closing of one of the schools.

2)       Valid complaints from surrounding schools concerning recruiting.

3)       Complaints from parents, Governing Boards, students in cooperating schools, etc.

4)       Other valid reasons as determined by the Executive Board.                                                                  

17.   DISTRICT AND SPECIAL DISTRICT COMMITTEES                                                                                                       (Revised Fall 2002)

A.       The Executive Board has established District and Special District Committees to assist in the management of the programs and activities of the Association.

B.       Each athletic district or special district is represented by a committee of three school representatives appointed annually by the Executive Board.  Representation for each athletic district in each classification is listed by school rather than by name of individual serving on each District or Special District Committee.  The representative of the first school listed shall serve as chair.

C.       Complete plans for each selection of athletic district representatives for state competition in each sport shall be determined by the District or Special District Committee.  These plans should include peculiarities of each district not specifically covered by the athletic plan as published by the OSAA.

D.       If for some reason the district plan has not covered a particular situation that occurs in determining the district representative to the OSAA State Championships, the District or Special District Committee shall determine the representative (teams or individuals).

E.        If the school represented by a member of the District or Special District Committee may be affected by the decision of the Committee, the committee member representing the potentially affected school shall be temporarily replaced.  A representative of the next school in alphabetical succession to serve on the Committee shall fill the vacated position until the committee reaches a decision.

F.        A District or Special District Committee, in making its determination:

1)       May consult all other schools in that athletic district or special athletic district;

2)       May not change the final decision or outcome of a particular contest;

3)       May not permit extra games or contests after the official published cutoff date for any sport unless an emergency exists and permission has been received from the Executive Board.

G.       All ties for qualifying positions shall be settled at the district level.  It is suggested that the method for settlement of ties be predetermined and published prior to each district meet for each sport.

H.       No athletic district may change its representative(s) in the state championships after the official cutoff date or the official close of entries should a problem exist that precludes a school or an individual from being a district representative to a state championship.  For team entries only, any change made following the official cutoff date shall be the decision of the Executive Board.                                                                                                                                                                                               

18.   EJECTION POLICIES – COACH EJECTED; CONTEST FORFEITED

If a coach is ejected from a contest and that contest is forfeited, such incident must be reported to the OSAA office by the schools involved and also by the contest officials.  If a coach is ejected and the game is not forfeited, it is the school’s responsibility to be certain that any such person who assumes the coaching responsibilities in such a situation meets the requirements of the OSAA and that school district.

19.   EJECTION POLICIES – EJECTED PLAYER OR COACH                                                                                                                 (Fall 2014)

A.       If a player or coach is ejected by an official, both the athletic director of the school of the ejected player/coach and the commissioner of officials shall notify the OSAA in writing of the ejection by the next workday.  Ejected coaches must leave the contest immediately and shall remain out of “sight and sound” of the team for the duration of that contest and any other school contests that day.  It shall be the responsibility of the school to disallow the ejected player or coach from participating during the period of suspension specified in the Regulations, regardless of whether written notification has been received by the school from the commissioner of officials.  Should an ejected player participate or an ejected coach remain within “sight and sound” of the team during the period of suspension specified in the Regulations, and no appeal is pending, that action shall be considered use of an ineligible participant and shall result in forfeiture of that contest and other penalties as determined by the Executive Board.

B.       Additional Requirements Regarding an Ejected Coach.  In addition to the requirements previously listed in this policy, an ejected coach shall be required to complete the online NFHS course, “Teaching and Modeling Behavior”, within seven calendar days of the school being provided a license to take the course by the OSAA.  Should a coach fail to complete the course requirement within the time limit stipulated in this policy, the ejection suspension shall be reinstated and the coach shall be ineligible to coach until the requirement has been fulfilled.  Should an ejected coach remain within “sight and sound” of the team during the reinstated period of suspension specified in the Regulations, and no appeal is pending, that action shall be considered use of an ineligible participant and shall result in forfeiture of that contest and other penalties as determined by the Executive Board.

C.       Appeal Process.  If the principal or the Athletic Director of the ejected coach/player and the commissioner of officials agree that the suspension should be set aside, the principal may appeal to the Executive Director within 48 hours of the ejection to set aside the next game suspension portion of the penalty.  Unless the commissioner agrees that the suspension should be set aside, the appeal must be denied by the Executive DirectorIf the Executive Director denies an appeal, that denial may be appealed to the Executive Board, which shall hear the appeal at its earliest convenience and issue a final ruling.  Implementation of the next game suspension may be postponed during the time that an appeal is pending.

1.       Q.    When a player is ejected, may the player remain on the bench?

A.      Yes.  The player is required to sit out the remainder of the contest, but may remain on the bench.

2.       Q.    When a coach is ejected, must the coach leave the playing area?

A.      Yes.  The coach must leave the playing area and shall be allowed no further direct or indirect contact with the team until the contest is completed.  In order to avoid direct or indirect contact, the coach must be “out of sight and sound” of the team.

3.       Q.    May a player sit on the bench during a period of suspension?

A.      Yes, but the player must not be in uniform.

4.       Q.    May a coach have any contact with a team at a contest following an ejection or at the contest at which the suspension is served?

A.      No.  The coach is allowed no direct or indirect contact with the team during the contest following ejection.  In order to avoid direct or indirect contact, the coach must be “out of sight and sound” of the team.  Further, the coach is allowed no direct or indirect contact with the team at the contest at which the suspension is served nor is the coach permitted to attend the contest at which the suspension is served.

5.       Q.    May a coach or participant who has been suspended at one level of competition (e.g. varsity) participate in a contest at another level during the period of suspension?

A.      No. 

6.       Q.    May a coach or participant who has been suspended at one level of competition (e.g. varsity) serve the suspension in a contest at another level?

A.      No.

7.       Q.    When a coach or player is ejected, when and over what period of time are the ejection period and suspension period?

A.      NOTE:  If the ejection occurs in the last contest at a particular level, the suspension carries over to the next contest at any level in that sport in that season.

        Sport                              Ejection Period                                     Suspension Period

        Baseball                         Remainder of that day.                       Sit out through next contest at that level.

        Basketball                      Remainder of that day.                       Sit out through next contest at that level.

        Football                          Remainder of that day.                       Sit out through next contest at that level.

        Soccer                            Remainder of that day.                       Sit out through next contest at that level.

        Softball                           Remainder of that day.                       Sit out through next contest at that level.

        Volleyball                       Remainder of that day.                       Sit out through next playing date at that level.

        Wrestling                       Follow NFHS Rules Book.                    Sit out through next contest at that level.

8.       Q.    When does the period of suspension begin?

A.      The suspension is served after the ejection has been served.  The ejection and suspension may not be served simultaneously.

9.       Q.    May a coach or participant ejected from a contest serve the one-game suspension at a jamboree?

A.      No, the coach or participant may not count a jamboree as a “contest” for the purpose of serving the period of suspension.  The coach or participant must sit out the jamboree and the next contest at that level of competition.

10.   Q.    May a suspended coach have contact with team members/other coaches of the team during the period of suspension on a game day that is a school day?

A.      A suspended coach may have contact with team members/other coaches of the team during regular school hours.  However, once the regular school day is over, the coach must be “out of sight and sound” of the team members/other coaches of the team, and have no contact with them until the game is over.

11.   Q.    May a suspended coach have contact with team members/other coaches of the team during the period of suspension on a game day that is NOT a school day?

A.      The suspended coach may have no contact with team members/other coaches of the team until the game is over.

12.   Q.    May a suspended coach have any contact with other coaches of the team (for example, via mobile phone or wireless radio) during a game in which a suspension is being served?

A.      No.  The suspended coach must be “out of sight and sound” of the contest during which a suspension is served.

13.   Q.    If a player or coach is ejected during the last contest of the season, does the unserved suspension carry forward to a subsequent season?

A.      No.

14.   Q.    In basketball, does the ejection of a player or coach as a result of receiving two technical fouls result in the player or coach being suspended through the next contest at that level?

A.      Yes, a player or coach who is ejected as a result of receiving two technical fouls is ejected for the remainder of the day and must sit out through the next contest at that level.

15.   Q.    Does the contest from which a participant is suspended due to an ejection count against the individual contest limitation for the participant?

A.      Yes.

16.   Q.    When a player or coach is ejected while acting as a spectator at a contest in the same sport in which the coach or player participates, but at which he or she is not serving as a player or a coach, does a period of suspension still apply?

A.      Yes.  The ejected player or coach is suspended from all participation for the same period of time as if he or she had been a participant in the contest at which the ejection occurred.

17.   Q.    When a player or coach is ejected in one sport, may the player or coach participate or coach in another sport during the period of suspension?

A.      No.

18.   Q.    When a player or coach is ejected from an out-of–state contest, does the OSAA ejection policy apply?

A.      Yes.  It is the responsibility of the school to notify the OSAA of the ejection.

19.   Q.    When a player or coach is ejected from an out-of–state contest, what appeals process is followed?

A.      If the school of the ejected player or coach wishes to appeal to set aside the next game suspension portion of the penalty for the ejection, it is the responsibility of the school to contact the commissioner of the out-of-state officials association to obtain written information to submit to the OSAA in support of the appeal.

20.   EJECTION POLICIES – FINES                                                                                                                                         (Revised Fall 2015)

A.       Schools shall be assessed fines for ejections within specific sports programs.  Each sport (e.g., Football, Boys Basketball, Softball) shall be tracked as separate and distinct for the purpose of calculating fines.  When the first participant or coach in a sport is ejected, the school that the participant or coach is representing shall be assessed a $50 fine by the Executive Board.  A second ejection in the same sport during the same season shall result in the assessment of a $100 fine, and each ejection thereafter in that sport during that season shall result in a fine to be increased by $50 increments for each ejection without limitation.

1)       EXCEPTION:  The fine for an ejection in the last contest of the season shall be increased by $100 over the greater of the standard fine described above or the most recent fine for that program.                                   

2)       EXCEPTION:  Soccer Player:  A soccer player who is disqualified because he or she “deliberately handles a ball to prevent it from going into the goal” or “receives two cautions (yellow cards)” shall not be subject to the fine specified in this and other OSAA ejection policies, but shall be subject to the specified suspension.

B.       A school receiving five or more ejections during one school year shall be required to attend a sportsmanship training class and submit a written Plan of Correction to the OSAA, including timelines for implementation of the Plan.                 

21.   EJECTION POLICIES – MULTIPLE EJECTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL                                                                                              (Fall 2012)

A second ejection during the same sport season will result in a two-game suspension.  A third ejection during the same sport season will result in disqualification from further participation in that sport during that sport season.                                 

22.   EJECTION POLICIES – PHYSICAL CONTACT WITH OFFICIAL                                                                            (Revised February 2011)

Physical contact between a coach/player and an official shall be considered a gross act of unsportsmanlike conduct.  The offending coach/player shall be immediately ejected from the contest, shall be suspended as provided in the Regulations and may be required to satisfy other requirements as prescribed by the Executive Board.  Both the athletic director of the school of the offending coach/player and the commissioner of officials shall notify the OSAA by facsimile of the incident by the next workday.  In addition, the school shall be fined and may receive other penalties as determined by the Executive Board, and an administrator and the coach/player shall be required to appear before the Executive Board at the next scheduled meeting.

23.   ELIGIBILITY – CHEMAWA INDIAN SCHOOL                                                                                                                             (Fall 2000)

A student who transfers to the Chemawa Indian School for the first time is immediately eligible for participation in interscholastic activities for the Chemawa Indian School, despite the fact that the student transfers during the school year and/or does not reside with his/her parents, if the student meets all other eligibility requirements.                                                                 

24.   ELIGIBILITY –  DISTRICT COMMITTEE                                                                                                                         (Revised Fall 2000)

A.       A request by a member school superintendent or principal for an eligibility hardship exception to Rule 8, involving transfer or discrimination only (except for age), shall be submitted to the School’s local District Committee.

B.       The request for an eligibility hardship exception is to be presented on the proper OSAA form and may relate only to future participation.  Any additional materials requested by the District Committee must be submitted prior to any consideration.

C.       The chairperson of the District Committee shall contact the principal of the previous school of any transfer student requesting eligibility, and request that the principal provide the Committee members with information from the previous school, if any, that might assist the Committee in ruling on the eligibility request.

D.       The District Committee shall meet prior to each of the three sports seasons to consider requests for eligibility waivers involving transfer or discrimination only (except for age).  However, a District Committee may hear these requests for eligibility hardship exceptions at times other than those required.

E.        If a representative of a school submitting a request for an eligibility hardship exception is a member of the District Committee that will hear such requests, then said school administrator shall be replaced by a representative of the next school in alphabetical order not yet represented on the District Committee during consideration of said request.

F.        For the consideration of transfer and discrimination hearing requests for waivers of eligibility, the regular District Committee shall be composed of three voting members.

25.   ELIGIBILITY – FOREIGN STUDENTS                                         (Foreign Student Eligibility Checklist)                  (Revised Fall 2004)

Like all other students, foreign students living with parents are immediately eligible in the district in which the parents reside, and are immediately eligible when the student enters the beginning year of a four-year high school (9-12).  All foreign students not living with parent(s) will be treated like a transfer student, except as provided in Rule 8.6.3.(c) for students on CSIET approved programs.  Foreign Student eligibility appeals must go directly to the Executive Director.

26.   ELIGIBILITY – HOME SCHOOL STUDENTS                      (Home School Eligibility Parent Checklist)                  (Revised Fall 2013)

A.       Compliance with Oregon Statutory Requirements.  In order for a home school student to represent an OSAA member school in competition, the student must satisfy all relevant requirements included in the home school statutes (ORS 339.030, ORS 339.035, ORS 339.460) including but not limited to the following:

B.       Notification of Intent to Home School.  The home school student shall notify the local education service district (ESD) within ten days of withdrawal from the public school and prior to the first day of the school year.

C.       Meet School District Eligibility Requirements.  The home school student shall meet all school district eligibility requirements with the exception of:

1)       The school district’s school or class attendance requirements, and

2)       The OSAA academic eligibility requirements dealing with number of credits required per grading period.

D.       Meet School District Responsibilities and Standards of Behavior and Performance.  The home school student shall be required to fulfill the same responsibilities and standards of behavior and performance, including related class or practice requirements, of other students participating in the interscholastic activity of the team or squad and shall be required to meet the same standards for acceptance on the team or squad.  The home school student also shall comply with all school requirements during the time of participation.

E.        Academic Eligibility (Testing) Requirement.  In lieu of satisfying the OSAA academic eligibility requirements dealing with number of credits required per grading period, the home school student shall achieve a minimum score on the achievement test required annually at the end of the school year (by August 15) of all home school students wishing to participate in activities.  The minimum, composite test score as determined by the State Board of Education is the 23rd percentile.  The score is used to determine eligibility for the following school year.

Tests approved for assessment of satisfactory progress by home school students are the two most recent versions of the following tests:

                Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills – Terra Nova              Iowa Tests of Basic Skills

                McGraw-Hill Tests (aligned with common core)                Stanford 9th Edition

The statute also allows a school district to adopt an alternative requirement to a test, such as submission of a portfolio of work samples to a school district committee for review to determine whether a home school student is eligible to participate in interscholastic activities.

F.        Effect of Academic Ineligibility.  Any home school student who has been unable to maintain academic eligibility prior to transferring to a home school shall be ineligible to participate in interscholastic activities as a home school student for the duration of the school year in which the student becomes academically ineligible and for the following year.  The student may take the required tests at the end of the second year and, upon meeting the minimum test score standards described in E.  above, becomes eligible for the third year.

G.       Compliance with OSAA Deadlines and Regulations.  In addition to satisfying the Oregon statutory requirements summarized above, a home school student wishing to participate representing a member school must satisfy the following OSAA deadlines and regulations:

1)       Deadlines.

a)       Notification of Intent to Home School.  The home school student shall notify the local ESD prior to the first day of school of the public or private school at which the student is eligible to participate in order to represent that school during that school year.

b)       Testing.  The home school student must have taken the annual test on or before August 15 in order to participate in OSAA activities during the following school year.  The student may participate while awaiting test results.  NOTE: The test is NOT required of students prior to entering the 9th grade for the first time.

c)       Transfer.  A transfer by a student to a home school is considered to have taken place “in between school years” if the transfer occurs prior to the first day of school of the public or private school at which the student is eligible to participate.

2)       Other OSAA Regulations.  Other OSAA regulations are summarized below.  (Please see the Rules section of this Handbook for more detailed explanation including questions and answers regarding the regulations.)

a)       School Representation (Rule 8.5.1.a).  A home school student is eligible to represent only a public or private school located within the public school attendance boundaries of the joint residence of the student and student’s parents.

b)       Transfer Student Eligibility (Rule 8.6.3.).  If the transfer to or from the home school occurs in between school years, the student is immediately eligible at the beginning of the school year.  If the transfer to or from the home school occurs during the school year, the student is ineligible for the remainder of that school year.

c)       Duration of Eligibility/Graduation (Rule 8.2.).  A student may participate in interscholastic activities for four consecutive years or eight consecutive semesters after entering the 9th grade.

d)       Age Restrictions (Rule 8.3.).  A student who becomes 19 before August 15 is ineligible for interscholastic competition.  A student who becomes 19 on or after August 15 remains eligible for that entire school year.

3)       Except where the denial of eligibility of a home school student is based upon Oregon statutory or regulatory requirements, the District Committee may in individual cases, at its discretion, waive or modify the eligibility rules regarding transfers involving home schools when in its opinion there are circumstances beyond the control of each of the student and the student’s parent(s), or other circumstances whereby enforcement of the rule would work an undue hardship upon the student.  See Rule 8.5., “School Representation” for additional information.                           

27.   ELIGIBILITY – OREGON SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF                                                                                                          (December 2003)

A.       A student who attends Oregon School for the Deaf (OSD) shall be treated as a private school student for the purpose of school representation eligibility determinations.

B.       In addition, a hearing-impaired student who does not attend OSD may make a one-time choice to exclusively participate at OSD in those sports offered by OSD rather than that student’s resident public school or private school.  A non-OSD student making the one-time choice to represent OSD shall be allowed to participate at the school in which the student is enrolled in those sports not offered by OSD.                                                                                                                                            

28.   ELIGIBILITY APPEAL FILING FEE                                                                                                                                                 (Fall 2003)

Any party filing an appeal of a decision by the District Committee to the Eligibility Appeals Board or a decision of the Executive Director to the Executive Board shall be assessed a filing fee of $100 to defray the costs to the Association of assembling the respective appeals bodies to hear the appeal.                                                                                                                                 

29.   ELIGIBILITY APPEALS BOARD                                                                                                                                       (Revised Fall 2002)

A.       The Eligibility Appeals Board shall consist of 30 members as follows:

1)       Ten school board members to be nominated by the Executive Director and approved by the Executive Board on a geographical basis selecting two from each of the five United States Congressional Districts.

2)       Ten school administrators (superintendents, assistant superintendents, principals, assistant principals, athletic directors) to be nominated by the Executive Director and approved by the Executive Board on a geographical basis selecting two from each of the five United States Congressional Districts.

3)       Ten lay people to be nominated by the Executive Director and approved by the Executive Board on a geographical basis selecting two from each of the five United States Congressional Districts.

B.       The length of term shall be three years, and a person may not serve more than two terms.  Initially, terms shall be staggered on a two-year, three-year basis within each group.

C.       The Eligibility Appeals Board shall hear any appeal filed by the involved schools superintendent or principal, or the student’s parents regarding the District Committee’s ruling on the athletic eligibility transfer or discrimination hardship request.

D.       The Eligibility Appeals Board shall meet when necessary.

E.        When a written appeal is received by the Executive Director, the Executive Director shall appoint five members from the 30 available members with not more than two members from each of the three groups making up the five-member Eligibility Appeals Board.

1)       An Eligibility Appeals Board meeting is to be closed to the public unless the appealing party requests an open meeting.

2)       Eligibility Appeals Board meetings may be held in various areas of the state or by telephone conference call, depending on the circumstances.

3)       The Executive Director, or an Assistant Executive Director, shall be present at all Eligibility Appeals Board meetings and shall process all requests for appeals to the Eligibility Appeals Board.

F.        A decision of the Eligibility Appeals Board may be appealed to a Hearings Officer under Rule 9, “Hearings Officer.”

G.       Please see Constitution and Rules, Interpretations, Participation Limitations and Sports Seasons sections of this Handbook for further clarification.  If your question is not answered in one of these sections, please call the OSAA office at 503.682.6722 for an answer.                                                                                                                                                                                 

30.   EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN                                                                        (Recommended 2015-16 SY / Required 2016-17 SY / Winter 2016)

Each full member school shall have an Emergency Action Plan (EAP) in place for responding to life-threatening emergencies in after-school practices and events. Schools are strongly encouraged to utilize the "Anyone Can Save a Life" program, a free, turnkey solution that covers all medical emergencies.

31.   ENDOWMENT GAMES                                                                       (Endowment Game Application)                  (Revised Fall 2014)

The OSAA and its member schools believe in the fundamental values associated with participation in high school activities and want to work together to ensure the future of high school activities in the state of Oregon.  The establishment of the OSAA Foundation will help us realize our goal.  Endowment Games are a way for member schools and local communities to be active participants in growing the OSAA Foundation.  Endowment Games regulations are as follows:

A.       Endowment Games applications should be submitted to the OSAA office by the host school a minimum of 15 days prior to the scheduled contest.  Failure to do so may result in participation limitations violations.  Applications may be reviewed prior to approval to insure that the host school is able to effectively secure the facility and charge admission.

B.       Endowment Games shall not count toward a school’s or an individual student’s season participation limitations for each activity.  Daily and weekly individual participation limitations still apply.  Schools should ensure that participants meet all OSAA eligibility requirements prior to competing in an Endowment Game.

C.       Endowment Games tickets will be $6 for adults and $4 for students.  No school district or league passes will be accepted.

D.       Upon completion of an Endowment Game, the host school is responsible for submitting the necessary financial report form and 100% of the gate receipts to the OSAA Foundation.  The OSAA Foundation will return 50% of the gross gate receipts to the host school within five business days after receiving the check for gross gate receipts.  Operating expenses for Endowment Games are to be drawn from the 50% of the gross gates receipts returned to the host school.  Financial agreements, if any, between the two participating schools are at the discretion of the schools.

E.        Endowment Games are allowed at the varsity level only in the following activities:

1)       Volleyball.  One additional play date between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

2)       Soccer.  One additional match between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

3)       Cross Country.  One additional meet between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

4)       Basketball.  One additional game between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

5)       Wrestling.  One additional one-day event between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

6)       Swimming.  One additional meet between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

7)       Baseball.  One additional game between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

8)       Softball.  One additional game between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

9)       Track & Field.  One additional meet between the first contest date and the cutoff date.

1.       Q.    Are Endowment Games required?

A.      No, Endowment Games are optional for all member schools.

2.       Q.    What happens when one basketball team is counting the contest as an Endowment Game, but the other team has only scheduled 24 games?

A.      If either team in a contest is counting the game as an Endowment Game, it is considered to be an Endowment Game.

3.       Q.    May a school play an Endowment Game doubleheader with its boys’ and girls’ basketball teams against another school?

A.      Yes.

4.       Q.    May teams play in multiple Endowment Games?

A.      Yes, as long as the team does not exceed that sports Participation Limitation by more than one game/contest.  See “Participation Limitations” for additional information.

32.   EXCEPTIONS TO NFHS PLAYING RULES                                                                                                                                    (Fall 2011)

The Executive Director may, in keeping with applicable laws, authorize exceptions to NFHS playing rules to provide reasonable accommodations to individual participants with disabilities and/or special needs, as well as those individuals with unique and extenuating circumstances.  The accommodations should not fundamentally alter the sport, allow an otherwise illegal piece of equipment, create risk to the athlete/others or place opponents at a disadvantage.

33.   EXCESS REVENUE DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                                                               (Fall 2002)

The Executive Board shall consider the results of the current year’s audit prior to distributing any excess revenues from the previous year.

34.   EXHIBITIONS

Exhibition performances are permitted, providing the student is an eligible athlete at one of the schools participating and the student does not exceed any participation limitations.

1.       Q.    School A had two extra eligible wrestlers who did not have the opportunity to wrestle during the meet for whatever reason.  School B also had two extra wrestlers in similar weight classes.  These wrestlers were matched against each other after completion of the meet in non-counting matches.  Was this within the rules?

A.      Yes, the matches will count toward each individual’s season total (14 matches, 18 weigh-ins and 50 mat appearances).

2.       Q.    A school wants to encourage participation by younger students in tennis.  Therefore, during a contest with school B, school A permitted two eighth graders to perform but without counting the scores.  Is this within the rules?

A.      No, School A and School B are in violation of the exhibition rule.  In addition, this could count as one year of eligibility for each of the eighth grade students, leaving them with only three years of eligibility in high school.

3.       Q.    During the 1,600-meter relay event at a dual track meet, there were several open lanes.  School A decided to run a time test for a student who was interested in the 1,500-meter event.  Could this student run on the track during the relay event?

A.      Yes, the student could do this, provided he/she is eligible and does not exceed the track and field participation limitations.

4.       Q.    During a dual swimming meet, each team entered two teams in the 200-yard medley relay event.  If the teams from School A finish first and second, can the points be counted for both teams?

A.      Yes, the National Federation Swimming and Diving Rules Book permits two relay teams per school to score in each relay event.

5.       Q.    During halftime of a basketball, football, or soccer contest, non-high school students present entertainment.  Is this a violation of the Exhibition Rule?

A.      No, since the entertainment is not during the actual contest but during the halftime provided by the rules book for each of these sports, it is not a violation of the exhibition rule.

35.   FINANCING OPTIONS

A.       The source of funds used by school districts to sponsor their various activity programs is an internal matter of individual districts.  In most cases, these funds are regular district revenues incorporated into the district budget following prescribed budget law.  In these troubling financial times, though, some districts now are utilizing private or donated funds to help support their programs.

B.       By OSAA Constitution, the membership of the Association is limited to high schools within the state of Oregon, public or private.  Therefore, athletic and other activities provided by high schools under the structure of OSAA governance must be clearly identified as “school sponsored.”  The implication of school sponsorship is that these activities are controlled entirely by the school district and personnel retained by district school board action.  To exercise total control, the school district shall have control over the funds used to support an activity.

C.       When outside or contributed funds are used, they should go to the district where authorized district personnel can then make responsible decisions on how the funds are spent to achieve the objectives determined for the activity.  To have control of a program, the school district shall retain control over the disbursement of funds.  Otherwise, overzealous booster groups might use funds in a manner that is counterproductive to the goals and objectives of the school district.

D.       Booster groups and other outside organizations may contribute money to a school or a district to help offset the cost of equipment, transportation, participation fees, etc.  However, money cannot be contributed directly to an individual.  It is the school administration’s responsibility to utilize funds as it sees fit to enhance its sponsored program.

E.        Further questions about innovative methods of financing school activity programs should be referred to the OSAA office.

1.       Q.    Under what circumstances may a school accept donations from individuals or corporations in support of activities?

A.      There is no limit on contributions from individuals or corporations; whether monetary or in other forms such as merchandise, so long as the school district retains control over the disbursement of funds.  Individual students representing a school may not receive monetary donations, and non-monetary donations are limited to $500 in value per association year.

36.   FOOTBALL – CLEATS

In addition to the unsportsmanlike conduct penalty (15 yards) specified by the National Federation Rules Book, a student who is wearing illegal cleats in excess of 1/2” in length shall be ejected from the contest, whether or not the student has participated.

37.   FOOTBALL – 45-POINT RULE/ALTERNATIVE PLAN/RUNNING CLOCK (Football 45-Point Alternative Plan Report) (Revised Fall 2008)

A.       Each 6A, 5A, 4A, 3A, 2A, 1A classification shall report to the OSAA which of the following three options listed in B has been adopted by the classification to address football games in which one team leads by 45 or more points at halftime.  1A classification is limited to options one and three.  The selected option shall apply to all levels (varsity, JV, sophomore and frosh).  The selected option shall remain from year to year until the classification notifies the OSAA of a change.

B.       For non-league contests, the option adopted by the athletic district of the host school shall be followed.  For Football State Championship games, the option adopted by that classification shall be in effect.

1)       Option 1 – 45-Point Rule.  A football game is terminated if either team leads by 45 points or more at halftime or at any time thereafter.

2)       Option 2 – Alternative Plan.  A completed “Football 45-Point Alternative Plan Report” shall be submitted to the District Committee of the winning school by each school involved in any game with a final point differential of 45 points or more.

a)       The Reports must be received by the District Committee prior to the winning school’s next contest or within seven days of the contest in question.  If the losing school agrees there was no effort to run up the score, there shall be no action by the Committee, except to forward a copy of the forms to the OSAA office.  If the losing school reports that the winning school did run up the score, the Committee shall consider the matter within 10 days and send a complete report to the OSAA office.

b)       If a majority of the members of the District Committee agree that the winning school did run up the score, the Committee shall meet with the winning school’s administration and coach to seek solutions that will prevent the same from happening in the future.

c)       A second offense of running up the score by a school during the same season shall be reported to the OSAA Executive Board.  In the event that a school is found by the Executive Board to have run up the score a second time during the same season, the school shall subject to any of the penalties set forth in Rule 5 as determined by the Executive Board.

3)       Option 3 – Running Clock.  If the point differential occurs at halftime or any time thereafter, a running clock shall be used.  The running clock shall be started with the ready-for-play signal from the official.  Once the running clock is started, it shall be stopped only for the following reasons:

a)       For measurement of a possible first down.

b)       For a player who appears to be injured.

c)       For unusual heat or humidity which may create a health risk to players.

d)       For a coach/referee conference concerning the misapplication of a rule.

e)       When a TV/radio time out is granted.

f)        For a one-minute intermission between the third and fourth periods and following a try, successful field goal, or a safety.

g)       A team time out is granted.

h)       When a team attempts to conserve or consume time.

i)         Any unusual circumstances (dog on field, etc.).

38.   FOOTBALL – LEAGUE PLAYOFF PROHIBITION                                                                                                                        (Fall 1999)

Leagues shall not use on-the-field procedures such as the “Kansas Plan” to break ties in league football standings at the end of the regular season.  Each league shall develop its own standard operating procedure for resolving league ties off the field.

39.   FOOTBALL – VIDEO EXCHANGE                                                                                                                                   (Revised Fall 2010)

Each school participating in the Football State Championships, excluding schools assigned to the 1A classification, shall be required to exchange at least two videos with their next opponent.  The opposing coaches choose which videos to receive, and the exchange must be completed by noon on Sunday preceding the game in which the two schools meet.

40.   FORFEITS AND ADDITIONAL CONTESTS                                                                                                                     (Revised Fall 2006)

A.       If a school cannot meet its contractual obligation for a team contest and the other school is awarded a forfeit team victory, then the school gaining the forfeit victory may schedule a replacement contest with another school.

B.       This in no way would place the school receiving the forfeit victory over the limit of contests for that sport since that school did not play an extra contest but only received credit for a forfeit victory.

C.       This policy does not apply to individual match-ups within a team contest such as wrestling, golf, tennis, etc.

41.   HEAT INDEX                                                         (Heat Index Calculator)            (Heat Index Record)                                 (Fall 2014)

Schools shall monitor the Heat Index for their geographic area prior to practices.  Outlined below are the steps that each member school shall take in order to implement this policy.  NOTE: Indoor activities where air conditioning is available are not bound by this policy.

A.       Subscribe.  Athletic directors and coaches shall subscribe to OSAA Heat Index Notifications at http://www.osaa.org/heat-index/An OSAA Heat Index Alert is generated for areas where the forecasted high temperature and relative humidity indicate a forecasted heat index that may require practice modifications.  Only those areas that have a forecasted heat index of 95 or higher receive alerts.  Notifications are sent daily via e-mail and/or SMS to subscribers.

B.       Designate.  Schools shall designate someone who will take the necessary steps to determine and record the heat index for your geographic area within one hour of the start of each team’s practice.  This is only necessary on days when the school receives an OSAA Heat Index Alert.  Depending on practice schedules, it is possible that the designated person will have to record the heat index multiple times on the same day. 

C.       Calculate.  Within one hour of the start of each team’s practice on days when the school receives an OSAA Heat Index Alert, the designated person shall utilize the OSAA Heat Index Calculator to determine the actual heat index.

D.       Record.  If the actual heat index is 95 or higher, the designated person shall record it using the OSAA Heat Index Record or by printing out a copy to be kept at the school for inspection at the request of the OSAA.  A separate record shall be kept for each fall sport at each level.  Practice modifications, as necessary, shall also be recorded.  If the actual heat index is less than 95, no action is needed.

E.        Act.  If the actual heat index is 95 or higher, activity should be altered and/or eliminated using the following guidelines:

1)       95˚ to 99˚ Heat Index – OSAA Recommendation:  Consider postponing practice to later in the day.

a)       Maximum of five hours of practice.

b)       Practice length a maximum of three hours.

c)       Mandatory three-hour recovery period between practices.

d)       Contact sports and activities with additional equipment - helmets and other possible equipment removed if not involved in contact or necessary for safety.

e)       Provide ample amounts of water.

f)        Water shall always be available and athletes should be able to take in as much water as they desire.

g)       Watch/monitor athletes for necessary action.

2)       100˚ to 104˚ Heat Index – OSAA Recommendation:  Postpone practice to later in the day.

a)       Maximum of five hours of practice.

b)       Practice length a maximum of three hours.

c)       Mandatory three-hour recovery period between practices.

d)       Alter uniform by removing items if possible - allow for changes to dry t-shirts and shorts.

e)       Contact sports and activities with additional equipment - helmets and other possible equipment removed if not involved in contact or necessary for safety.

f)        Reduce time of planned outside activity as well as indoor activity if air conditioning is unavailable.

g)       Provide ample amounts of water.

h)       Water shall always be available and athletes should be able to take in as much water as they desire.

i)         Watch/monitor athletes for necessary action.

4)       Above 104˚ Heat Index – OSAA Recommendation:  Stop all outside activity in practice and/or play, and stop all inside activity if air conditioning is unavailable.

42.   INCLEMENT WEATHER

A.       If there is inclement weather, the superintendents, or their representatives, of the schools involved shall confer, and if it is determined that conditions are not safe, the contest shall be postponed to be played at a later date.  The contest is to be played only if it has a bearing on the representative(s) in that sport to the state championships.

B.       If a state championship contest is involved, the OSAA staff shall take jurisdiction and make any decision rather than the schools involved.

43.   INDEPENDENT STATUS IN A SPORT                                                   (Independent Status Petition)                                 (Fall 2015)

A.       OSAA member schools shall participate in the league adopted schedule for each sport they sponsor unless an “Independent Status Petition” has been granted by the OSAA Executive Board.  A school granted independent status in a sport by the Executive Board is not eligible to participate for District or State honors in that sport, regardless of win/loss record.

B.       A member school submitting an “Independent Status Petition” shall provide the following information for consideration by the Executive Board:

1)       League record in the sport for the previous three years.

2)       Overall record in the sport for the previous three years.

3)       Yearly participation numbers in the sport for the previous three years.

4)       Coaching history for the previous three years.

5)       A letter of league support or non-support for the proposed independent status.

C.       A member school seeking independent status in a sport shall be required to complete and submit an “Independent Status Petition” to the OSAA according to the timelines listed below.  A member school seeking independent status is also responsible for notifying all league members in writing of the “Independent Status Petition” according to these same timelines:

1)       Fall Sports.  Prior to the February Executive Board Meeting.

2)       Winter Sports.  Prior to the May Executive Board Meeting.

3)       Spring Sports.  Prior to the September Executive Board Meeting.

D.       An “Independent Status Petition” in a sport shall be granted by the Executive Board for a minimum of two years.

E.        League playoff allocations to OSAA State Championships in a sport may be impacted if a school in a league is granted independent status by the Executive Board.                                                                                                                               

44.   INTERRUPTED CONTESTS                                                                                                                                              (Revised Fall 2015)

Following is the policy concerning interrupted athletic contests.  NOTE:  For state championship final games, the OSAA staff shall take jurisdiction and make any decisions rather than the schools involved.

A.       Baseball.

1)       For darkness and/or weather:

a)       If fewer than 4 and 1/2 or 5 innings have been played, the contest shall continue from the point of interruption. 

b)       If 4 and 1/2 (home team ahead) or 5 innings have been played and the score is not tied, the contest is declared an official game.

c)       If play has gone beyond five full innings, teams have had an equal number of completed turns at bat and the score is tied, the contest shall continue from the point of interruption.

d)       If play has gone beyond five full innings and is called when the teams have not had an equal number of completed turns at bat, the score shall be the same as it was at the end of the last completed inning, unless the home team in its half of the incomplete inning, scores a run (or runs) which equals or exceeds the opponent’s score, in which case, the final score shall be recorded when the game is called.  If the score was tied at the end of the last completed inning, the contest shall continue from the point of interruption.

e)       If the two schools mutually agree or if there is an athletic district policy, the game need not be continued if it has no bearing on state championship representation.

2)       For other reasons, among which include light failure, sprinkler system, etc., the contest shall continue from the point of interruption unless the teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

3)       Interrupted Contests Procedures.  The following procedures shall be followed by the umpires and teams in these  situations:

a)       The umpires, both head coaches and both scorekeepers shall gather together to document the point of interruption on the lineup card and in the official scorebook (including inning, score, outs, runners on base, defensive charged conferences, etc.).  The crew chief shall sign the lineup card and the official scorebook to insure that there are two copies.

b)       The crew chief should then give the signed lineup card to the home coach to be kept with the official scorebook.

c)       The umpires shall send their game report to their local assigner.  If a different umpire crew is assigned, the local assigner shall send the game report details to the new crew as part of accepting the assignment.

d)       The lineup card shall be given to the new or returning umpire crew during the pre-game when the game is to be continued from the point of interruption.

B.       Basketball.  Contest shall be continued from point of interruption unless the teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

C.       Cross Country.  Contest shall be continued from point of interruption unless the teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.  If the contest does continue, and the interruption occurred during a race, that race shall be re-run.

D.       Football.  Contest shall be continued from point of interruption unless the teams agree to terminate the game with the existing score, or there are athletic district rules that apply.

E.        Golf.  Contest shall be continued from point of interruption.  In accordance with the game rules, it should, if feasible, be discontinued after completion of play on a hole.  If not feasible, each player shall lift his/her ball after marking the spot on which it lies.  Play will resume from that spot unless teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

F.        Soccer.  Contest is declared official if at least one complete half of game has been played.  If less than one-half of game has been played, it is declared “no contest” and is completely replayed unless two teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

G.       Softball.

1)       For darkness and/or weather:

a)       If fewer than 4 and 1/2 or 5 innings have been played, the contest shall continue from the point of interruption.

b)       If 4 and 1/2 (home team ahead) or 5 innings have been played and the score is not tied, the contest is declared an official game.

c)       If play has gone beyond five full innings, teams have had an equal number of completed turns at bat and the score is tied, the contest shall continue from the point of interruption.

d)       If play has gone beyond five full innings and is called when the teams have not had an equal number of completed turns at bat, the score shall be the same as it was at the end of the last completed inning, unless the home team in its half of the incomplete inning, scores a run (or runs) which equals or exceeds the opponent’s score, in which case, the final score shall be recorded when the game is called.  If the score was tied at the end of the last completed inning, the contest shall continue from the point of interruption.

e)       If the two schools mutually agree or if there is an athletic district policy, the game need not be continued if it has no bearing on state championship representation.

2)       For other reasons, among which include light failure, sprinkler system, etc., the contest shall continue from the point of interruption unless the teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

3)       Interrupted Contests Procedures.  The following procedures shall be followed by the umpires and teams in these  situations:

a)       The umpires, both head coaches and both scorekeepers shall gather together to document the point of interruption on the lineup card and in the official scorebook (including inning, score, outs, runners on base, defensive charged conferences, etc.).  The crew chief shall sign the lineup card and the official scorebook to insure that there are two copies.

b)       The crew chief should then give the signed lineup card to the home coach to be kept with the official scorebook.

c)       The umpires shall send their game report to their local assigner.  If a different umpire crew is assigned, the local assigner shall send the game report details to the new crew as part of accepting the assignment.

d)       The lineup card shall be given to the new or returning umpire crew during the pre-game when the game is to be continued from the point of interruption.

H.       Swimming.  Contest shall be continued from point of interruption unless teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

I.         Tennis.  Match shall be continued from point of interruption.  NOTE:  Previous set(s), game(s), score of game and previous occupancy of courts shall hold unless teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

J.         Track and Field.  Contest shall be continued from point of interruption unless teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.  NOTE:  If contest was interrupted during a running event, the event shall be repeated.

K.       Volleyball.  Any match interrupted because of power failure or unforeseen circumstances shall be resumed from the point of interruption unless athletic district rules apply otherwise.  If resumed, the score and lineup shall be the same as they were at the time of interruption.

L.        Wrestling.  Contest shall be continued from point of interruption unless teams mutually agree otherwise or there are athletic district rules that apply.

45.   LIGHTNING SAFETY GUIDELINES  (From “NFHS Sports Rules Books”)                                                                   (Revised Fall 2014)

A.       These guidelines provide a default policy to those responsible or sharing duties for making decisions concerning the suspension and restarting of practices and contests based on the presence of lightning or thunder.

B.       Proactive Planning:

1)       Assign a staff to monitor local weather conditions before and during practices and contests.

2)       Develop an evacuation plan, including identification of appropriate nearby safe areas.

3)       Develop criteria for suspension and resumption of play:

a)       When thunder is heard or a cloud-to-ground lightning bolt is seen, the leading edge of the thunderstorm is close enough to strike your location with lightning.  Suspend play for 30 minutes and take shelter immediately.

b)       Thirty-minute Rule.  Once play has been suspended, wait at least 30 minutes after the last thunder is heard or flash of lightning is witnessed prior to resuming play.

c)       Any subsequent thunder or lightning after the beginning of the 30-minute count will reset the clock and another 30-minute count should begin.

4)       Review annually with all administrators, coaches and game personnel.

5)       Inform student athletes of the lightning policy at start of season.

C.       For more detailed information, refer to the “Lightning and Thunder Safety” section contained in the NFHS Sports Medicine Handbook.

46.   MEMBERSHIP IN THE OSAA  (Membership Application – Full)  (Membership Application – Associate) (Revised Fall 2008)

A.       Any school granted full membership in the OSAA shall be eligible to participate against OSAA member schools immediately upon approval of application.

B.       In order for a new member school to be eligible for district and state honors, the Application for Membership must be approved prior to the deadlines listed in Executive Board Policies “Adding a New Sport.”

C.       See Executive Board Policies, “Adding a New Sport” for additional information.                                                               

47.   MORATORIUM WEEK                                                                                                                                                  (Revised May 2014)

A.       Each year a seven-day OSAA Moratorium Week shall be in effect during which there shall be no contact between administrators/coaches/directors/advisors and students involved in any OSAA-sanctioned sport or activity, including cheer, dance/drill, speech, solo music, choir, band/orchestra.  In addition, there shall be no high school athletic facility usage by athletic staff and students/teams, including dance/drill and cheer, during the OSAA Moratorium Week.  Use of non-athletic facilities by athletic staff is allowed.                                                                                                                                            

B.       Week 4 of the NFHS Standardized Calendar shall be designated as Moratorium Week.  Designated OSAA Moratorium Week dates:



1.       Q.    During the Moratorium Week, will coaches be allowed any contact with their athletes?

A.      No. 

2.       Q.    During the Moratorium Week, will schools be allowed to have open facilities?

A.      Schools may only host an activity that includes high school students involved in athletics and activities if they have appealed for and been granted permission from the Executive Director prior to the Moratorium Week.  Permission shall not be granted for team camps.

3.       Q.    During the Moratorium Week, will coaches be allowed to have conditioning with their athletes, including working out in the weight room?

A.      No, no contact is allowed.

4.       Q.    During the Moratorium Week, may students attend camps, clinics, etc.?

A.      Yes, so long as no high school administrators/coaches/directors/advisors are present, and participation is not organized or paid for by the school.

5.       Q.    Are there any exceptions to this policy?

A.      Yes.  There will be an appeals process in place for teams, coached by a high school coach, that have been playing together all summer and have qualified for a post-season event that is taking place during all or part of the Moratorium Week.  Approval must be granted by the Executive Director prior to the Moratorium Week.

6.       Q.    What is the penalty for a Moratorium Week violation?

A.      The violation penalty will be similar to that assessed for a “Rule of Two” violation.  The standard penalty is a $500 fine and game suspension for the offending coach.

7.       Q.    May coaches work with non-high school students during the Moratorium Week?

A.      Yes, but not at a high school venue.

8.       Q.    May coaches encourage their athletes to work out at another facility during the Moratorium Week?

A.      No.  The intent of the policy is that coaches and students take a week off.

9.       Q.    May a school schedule their athletic physical night, or a similar event, during the Moratorium Week?

A.      No, the school may schedule nothing that is related to OSAA activities.

10.   Q.    May coaches/student make contact through phone, email, etc., during Moratorium Week?

A.      Yes, but with restrictions.  For example, the coach may not ask the student, “What is your workout today?”

11.   Q.    May a high school coach work with another high school’s students during the Moratorium Week?

A.      No.  Contact is not allowed by high school coaches with any high school students during the Moratorium Week.

12.   Q.    May a coach work in any capacity (coaching or not coaching) at a camp during the Moratorium Week?

A.      Yes, but only if there are no high school students at the camp and not at a high school venue.

13.   Q.    May an outside entity hold an event during Moratorium Week (e.g. youth soccer camp, little league baseball tournament) that utilizes high school athletic facilities?

A.      Yes, provided that no high school students and no members of the high school athletic staff are involved in any capacity (scheduling, supervising, instructing, etc.) with the event.

14.   Q.    May athletic staff members work in school offices or classrooms during the Moratorium Week, even if they may have contact with students?

A.      Yes, provided that the contact with students is limited to non-athletic pursuits such as schedule changes, registration, etc.

15.   Q.    At what point does the OSAA consider a person to be a school’s coach?

A.      Once a person and a school have verbally agreed that the person will perform coaching duties for the school, he/she is considered to be that schools coach by the OSAA.  At that time, all OSAA policies are in effect for that coach until such time that the coach resigns or is notified by the school that they are no longer a coach for that school.

16.   Q.    May a returning coach work with students outside their designated sports season since the coach working under a one-year contract and has not signed a contract for the coming year?

A.      No.  Once a person becomes a school’s coach, the OSAA considers that person to be a coach for the school until such time that the coach resigns or is notified by the school that they are no longer a coach for that school.  Coaches who resign and are then brought back in a coaching capacity by the same school in an attempt to circumvent OSAA policy are subject to penalties as outlined in Rule 5, “Violations of Regulations - Penalties.”

48.   NEW SCHOOLS                                                                                                                                                                       (Revised 2012)

A.       A student who transfers to a full member public school or full member charter school at the time it first opens is immediately eligible for participation in athletics and activities only if the student transfers to the school at the time the school opens, and the student maintains a Joint Residence within the attendance boundaries of the school district in which the new school is located.  A student who transfers to a full member public school or full member charter school after it has opened is subject to the regular transfer rules of the OSAA.

B.       A student who transfers to a full member private school or associate member school at the time it first opens is immediately eligible for participation in athletics and activities only if the student transfers to the school at the time the school opens.  A student who transfers to a full member private school or associate member school after it has opened is subject to the regular transfer rules of the OSAA.                                                                                                                                               

49.   NON-DISCRIMINATION POLICY

A.       The Oregon School Activities Association does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, marital status, age or disability in the performance of its authorized functions, and encourages its member schools, school personnel, participants and spectators to adopt and follow the same policy.

B.       In the event any party believes that he/she has been subjected to discrimination by the OSAA or its agents, a written complaint may be submitted to the Executive Board, describing the circumstances of the discriminatory acts and the relief requested.  The Executive Board shall schedule a date for a hearing as soon as reasonably possible.  The hearing shall be conducted in executive session unless the Executive Board determines that there are in its judgment good reasons to conduct the hearing otherwise.  The Executive Board shall make a determination as to the validity of the complaint and take such action as it deems appropriate to remedy any discrimination that is found to exist.  The decision of the Executive Board may be appealed to a Hearings Officer under Rule 9, “Hearings Officer.”

50.   OFFICIALS – BACKGROUND CHECKS                                                                                                                          (Revised Fall 2006)

A.       All officials who wish to be certified by the OSAA shall submit to a criminal conviction history screening that will determine whether they have engaged in any Prohibited Conduct.  Any denial of certification as a result of this screening may be waived or modified by the OSAA Executive Board in individual cases if it determines in its sole discretion that there exist circumstances justifying such a waiver or modification.

B.       Cost of this background check shall be included in the cost of certification for the official.                    

51.   OFFICIALS – CERTIFIED REQUIREMENT                                                                                                                      (Revised Fall 2013)

A.       General requirement.  Member schools shall secure certified officials from officials’ associations that have been recognized and certified by the OSAA for all interscholastic activities requiring those officials.  EXCEPTION:  Any request for an exception to this policy must receive the approval of the Executive Director.  Exceptions shall be considered only when adherence to this policy presents a financial hardship to the school or when the local officials’ association is unable to service the member school.  Any out-of-state official used under this exception in a contest in Oregon shall represent an association whose commissioner was an attendee at the OSAA Rules Interpreters’ Clinic for that year.

OSAA certified officials are required for all sanctioned activities at the varsity and junior varsity levels including jamborees.  EXCEPTION:  OSAA certified officials are required in baseball and softball at the varsity level only.  OSAA certified officials are required in football at all sub-varsity levels.

Schools, leagues and tournaments are limited to using a maximum of the quantity of officials assigned to State Championship contests unless written permission to exceed that quantity is received from the OSAA Executive Director prior to the event(s).

Schools have the responsibility to request permission from their local associations to use non-certified officials at sub-varsity contests where certified officials are not required.

B.       Quantity requirements.  See Officials Fee Schedule for additional information.

1)       BaseballTwo officials are required at the varsity level.  One umpire may be used in an emergency situation only.  Sub-Varsity:  Two officials should be assigned, but one official may be assigned at the rate of 1-1/3rd the “per official fee.”

2)       Basketball.  Two officials are required at the varsity and junior varsity levels.  One referee may be used in an emergency situation only.  JV2 and Freshman:  Two officials should be assigned, but one official may be assigned at the rate of 1-1/3rd the “per official fee.”

3)       Football.  Five officials are required at the varsity level at the 6A, 5A and 4A classifications.  Five officials are recommended but at least four are required at the varsity level at the 3A, 2A and 1A classifications.  Five officials are recommended but at least four are required at the junior varsity, sophomore and freshman levels at all classifications. 

4)       Soccer.  Three officials are recommended but two officials are required at the varsity level.  Two officials are required at the junior varsity level.  One referee may be used in an emergency situation only.

5)       SoftballTwo officials are required at the varsity level.  One umpire may be used in an emergency situation only.  Sub-Varsity:  Two officials should be assigned, but one official may be assigned at the rate of 1-1/3rd the “per official fee.”

6)       Volleyball.  Two officials are required at the varsity and junior varsity levels.  One referee may be used in an emergency situation only.  JV2 and Freshman:  Two officials should be assigned, but one official may be assigned at the rate of 1-1/3rd the “per official fee.”

7)       Wrestling.  An official is required at the varsity and junior varsity levels.

52.   OFFICIALS – HOST SCHOOL RESPONSIBILITIES                                                                                                   (Revised Winter 2014)

A game manager shall be designated by the host school for all contests in sports that use certified officials.  A member of the coaching staff of the home team is not eligible to serve as game manager during a varsity contest at which he or she is coaching.  A coach of a sub-varsity team may act as the game manager at a sub-varsity contest at which he or she is coaching.  The game manager shall wear easily recognizable identification, shall be physically present and / or readily accessible by phone and shall be responsible for:

1)       Designating reserved parking for officials as close as possible to the contest site where available if requested by the commissioner of the Local Association providing the officials;

2)       Designating dressing facilities for officials where available if requested by the commissioner of the Local Association providing the officials;

3)       Monitoring and responding to inappropriate crowd conduct during and after the contest; and

4)       Providing an escort to the designated dressing facilities or vehicle for officials following each contest unless that offer is declined.                                                                                                                                                                               

53.   OFFICIALS – MINIMUM CONFLICT OF INTEREST STANDARDS (VARSITY ONLY)                                                              (Fall 2011)

A.       Local associations shall adopt a written Conflict of Interest policy to include, but not limited to, the following provisions:

1)       Unless the athletic directors of the schools involved in the contest and the assigning commissioner agree, no official shall be assigned to a varsity contest if:

a)       The contest involves a school currently attended by the official’s child or stepchild.

b)       The contest involves a school at which the official or a member of his/her immediate family* is a current employee or coach.

c)       An immediate family* member of the official is a team member of one of the involved teams.

d)       The contest involves a school from which the official has graduated within the last four years.

e)       There are other factors or relationships between the official and a participating school that, in the judgment of the commissioner or the official, might give rise to the appearance of a conflict of interest.

2)       Associations are free to adopt additional more restrictive standards if appropriate.

B.       *Definition of “immediate family” as used in this policy:  Spouse, parents and grandparents, children and grandchildren (including adopted and step), brothers and sisters, mother and father-in-law, brother and sister-in-law, daughter and son-in-law.                                                                                                                                                                                           

54.   PRACTICE LIMITATION RULE                                                                                                                          (Revised Spring 2014)

A.       Philosophy.  The following statements outline the philosophy of the OSAA regarding in-season and out-of-season sports.

1)       The mission of OSAA member schools is to foster well-rounded individuals.  The purpose of interscholastic athletics is to help educate boys and girls and not to prepare students for college athletics, which is a by-product of interscholastic competition available to a very small percentage of high school athletes.

2)       For most students, specialization in a single athletic activity is not in their best long-term interests.

3)       Students should be encouraged by coaches, administrators and parents to participate in a variety of school activities, including more than one sport during the school year.

4)       Schools should not allow use of school equipment, including uniforms and school district vehicles, and facilities by non-school organizations that promote a philosophy contrary to the above statements.

5)       There should be no promotion or publicity within a school for non-school programs, which promote a philosophy contrary to the above statements.

B.       Preface.  The spirit of the Practice Limitation Rule is that every school and participant shall have the same opportunity to practice prior to the first contest.  Practice is defined as the involvement of individuals from a member high school in any program, demonstration, instruction, or participation conducted in part or in its entirety by a person or a group of people who are or who have been involved in the coaching of any of these athletes in that sport at the high school, including volunteer coaches.  Unless a person has been approved by the school district as a member of the coaching staff, that person may not practice against a team or a team member (example- throwing batting practice or working against a basketball post player).

C.       Team Sports Limitation.  Schools may conduct practices and/or compete in contests in team sports (baseball, basketball, football, softball, soccer, volleyball) only during the designated OSAA sports seasons as outlined in Rule 6.  It shall be a violation of the rule if there is any attempt during the Association year to gather more than two members of the same high school program together per day outside the OSAA defined season to receive specialized athletic instruction from any coach associated with the participating athletes’ high school program.  Attempts to circumvent the rule by encouraging team members to attend out-of-season practices or camps during the Association year other than through general dissemination of information or brochures shall be considered a violation of this rule.  EXCEPTION: Baseball and softball coaches may begin pitching instruction and throwing workouts with pitchers and catchers only (maximum of eight total per day) two weeks prior to the Spring Sports First Practice Date.

D.       Individual Sports Limitation.  Schools may conduct practices and/or contests in individual sports (cross country, golf, swimming, tennis, track & field, wrestling) only during the designated OSAA sports seasons as outlined in Rule 6.  Local school districts and/or leagues should establish their own policy restricting the involvement of their individual sports coaches in out-of-season programs.

E.        Open Facility.  The intent of an open facility is to provide an opportunity for a recreational activity to occur.  The facility is provided so that any student in the school has an opportunity to participate.  (See Team Sports Limitation listed above for additional information.)

F.        Conditioning.  Conditioning is defined as a session where students work on physical fitness and conditioning by use of weights, running, and/or exercises.  Conditioning does not allow for the use of individualized and specialized sports equipment or apparatus, including but not limited to: balls, bats, protective equipment, blocking dummies, batting cages, charging sleds and other implements related to specific OSAA activities.  Participation in conditioning activities must be optional.

1.       Q.    Does the Practice Limitation Rule apply during the summer?

A.      No.  The Executive Board Policy is only in effect during the Association year, which starts on the first day of fall practice and ends after Memorial Day is observed.

2.       Q.    May a school or an individual student compete in an indoor track meet?

A.      The OSAA does not have a season designated for indoor track.  Therefore, indoor track is not an OSAA sanctioned activity.  Since track and field is an individual sport, it falls under the Individual Sports Limitation.  A participant in indoor track must do so unattached and may not represent his/her high school.  No school uniforms, equipment or transportation may be used.

3.       Q.    What are the penalties if a high school coach violates the Practice Limitation Rule by coaching more than two members of his or her team in an out-of-season program?

A.      Rule 5, “Violations of Regulations – Penalties” - outlines violations of rules and penalties.  As outlined in Rule 5.2., violations of any rule of the OSAA could include probation, forfeiture, fines, suspension or expulsion from the Association.  The Executive Board would determine the penalty.

4.       Q.    Is a school in violation of the Practice Limitation Rule if an unpaid volunteer coach coaches both the high school team and the out-of-season team during the OSAA year?

A.      Yes, this would be a violation.

5.       Q.    May high school team members belong to the same club team?

A.      Yes, if the high school team members independently try out and/or belong to the same club team through no influence or direction from the high school coach, then no violation would occur.

6.       Q.    Is it a violation of the Practice Limitation Rule if a high school coach works at a YMCA, “The Hoop,” “Sports Nation,” etc., during the Association year?

A.      No, as long as the high school coach is not involved in directly coaching more than two players from his or her high school team on any given day.

7.       Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may two high school coaches “trade” teams and coach each other’s teams in an out-of-season program, or may a person coach a high school team and then have his/her spouse coach the out-of-season club team?

A.      No.  According to the team sports limitation policy, “It shall be a violation of the rule if there is any attempt to gather more than two members of the same high school program together to receive specialized instruction.  Attempts to circumvent the rule by encouraging team members to attend out-of-season practices or camps during the Association year, other than general dissemination of information or brochures, shall be considered a violation of this rule.”  The intent of the rule is to prevent the high school coach from directly or indirectly pressuring players from the high school team to play on an out-of-season club team.  If the high school coach organizes the high school team members to congregate on the same out-of-season club team and then secures someone else to coach them, e.g., spouse, parent, another high school coach, etc., he or she would violate the intent of the rule and it would be considered a violation.

8.       Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may the high school boys’ basketball coach work with the girls’ basketball club team?

A.      Yes.  Boys’ and girls’ programs at a high school in the same sport are considered separate sports for the purpose of the Practice Limitation Rule.

9.       Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may the local golf pro coach the high school team and still give lessons to team members outside the high school season?

A.      The Individual Sports Limitation Rule would allow this if allowed by the local school district and/or league.

10.   Q.    A coach of a high school team allows a parent to coach that same team in an out-of-season program.  Is this legal under the Practice Limitation Rule?

A.      Yes, as long as the high school coach does not organize or require members of the high school team to participate on the out-of-season team coached by the parent.

11.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school coach work with a group of 9th graders before they turn out for a sport?

A.      No.  A coach may work with no more than two players (or potential players) outside the designated sports season.

12.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school coach work with 8th grade students before they enter high school?

A.      Yes, so long as the contact occurs prior to the Fall first practice date on the OSAA Calendar.  From that point, the students are considered high school students.

13.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school coach work with two students at a time, rotating the students every half-hour?

A.      No.  A high school coach may work with no more than two students from his or her program on any given day.

14.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school coach work with two students at one basket, then two different students at another basket, etc.?

A.      No.  A high school coach may work with no more than two students from his or her program on any given day.

15.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may the head coach work with two students, the assistant coach work with two other students, the JV coach work with two other students, etc.?

A.      No.  All coaches in a program are collectively allowed to work with no more than two students from that program on any given day.

16.   QUnder the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school coach work with more than two students provided that any student(s) in excess of two are his/her children?

A.      Yes.  When determining number of players for the purpose of this policy, the children of the person coaching shall not count toward the limitation.

17.   Q.    Are open gyms still permissible under the Practice Limitation Rule?

A.      Yes.  The terminology has been changed to “open facility” and is applicable to gymnasiums, fields, tracks, etc.  The basic philosophy of an open facility is that it is a recreational opportunity open to anyone and that no instruction is occurring.  A coach may not be “at the other end” of an open facility working with two students.

18.   Q.    Are batting cages considered open facilities?

A.      Yes, if a batting cage is open to anyone and no coaching is taking place.  Merely throwing batting practice is not considered coaching.  Hitting grounders and/or fly balls is considered a violation.

19.   Q.    A high school baseball/softball coach wants to run a hitting camp for players prior to the first practice date for spring sports.  Is this legal under the Practice Limitation Rule?

A.      No.  The high school coach may coach no more than two of his or her players on a given day outside of the OSAA designated sports season.

20.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a school have an “open gym” or “open field” where baseball/softball players play catch to get their arms in shape?

A.      Yes, provided that no coaching is taking place.

21.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school coach include graduating seniors on an out-of-season club team after the high school season in that sport has been completed?

A.      Yes.  Once seniors have completed their sports season, they are no longer considered to be team members or potential team members for that sport.

22.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school wrestling coach be involved with his wrestlers in AAU, Greco-Roman and/or freestyle wrestling?

A.      Yes.  Under the Individual Sports Limitation Rule, local school districts and/or leagues may establish their own policy regarding the high school coach’s involvement in individual sports such as wrestling.

23.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a high school coach conduct club team try-outs prior to the end of the association year?

A.      No.

24.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may more than two students serve as demonstrators at a clinic or camp at which their school coach is making a presentation outside of the OSAA season for that sport?

A.      Yes, but with these restrictions:

1.       More than two students may attend a camp or clinic only as demonstrators for a presentation by their coach.  It would be a violation of the Practice Limitation Rule for more than two students to attend as participants at a clinic or camp at which their school coach is making a presentation unless the clinic or camp was held during the OSAA season for that sport.

2.       Each school is limited to only one clinic or camp to which this interpretation applies per program each school year.

3.       Clinic or camps to which this interpretation applies may be no more than two days in length.

25.   Q.    May a coach participate in an open gym with more than two members of his/her school program?

A.      Yes, so long as no instruction takes place.

26.   Q.    May a coach participate on an organized team with more than two members of his/her school’s program?

A.      No.

27.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule, may a coach own a club on which there are teams, which include more than two members of his/her school program?

A.      Yes, but the coach may not personally coach a team with more than two members of his/her school program.

28.   Q.    May a coach be present at a camp, clinic or practice during the Association Year outside of their sport’s designated season if more than two or his/her high school students are attending as participants?

A.      No, a coach may not attend as an instructor or observer.

29.   Q.    Under the Practice Limitation Rule may a high school coach work with his/her children and two additional students?

A.      Yes, a coach’s children are not counted under the Practice Limitation Rule.

30.   Q.    Would it be a violation of the Practice Limitation Rule for a coach to teach more than two members of the high school program in a sport-specific class outside of the season for that sport during the Association Year?

A.      No, so long as the sport-specific class meets the following conditions:

1.    The coach must be the teacher of record for the sport-specific class, and

2.    The sport-specific class must be part of the regular school curriculum for which credit is granted, and

3.    Enrollment in the sport-specific class must not be limited to team members.

31.   Q.    Would it be a violation of the Practice Limitation Rule if a school was to offer a sport specific class for which the coach is not the teacher of record, and the coach was allowed to attend the class as a guest and teach sport specific skills to more than two members of the high school program outside of the season for that sport during the Association Year?

A.      Yes.

32.   Q.    At what point does the OSAA consider a person to be a school’s coach?

A.      Once a person and a school have verbally agreed that the person will perform coaching duties for the school, he/she is considered to be that schools coach by the OSAA.  At that time, all OSAA policies are in effect for that coach until such time that the coach resigns or is notified by the school that they are no longer a coach for that school.

33.   Q.    May a returning coach work with students outside their designated sports season since the coach working under a one-year contract and has not signed a contract for the coming year?

A.      No.  Once a person becomes a school’s coach, the OSAA considers that person to be a coach for the school until such time that the coach resigns or is notified by the school that they are no longer a coach for that school.  Coaches who resign and are then brought back in a coaching capacity by the same school in an attempt to circumvent OSAA policy are subject to penalties as outlined in Rule 5, “Violations of Regulations - Penalties.”

34.   Q.    A school is conducting interviews for a vacant coaching position.  Is the interviewee allowed to conduct a practice with more than two students from a school in part of the interview process?

A.      Yes, but the trial practice session shall be no longer than 30 minutes in length.

35.   Q.    On what date may baseball and softball coaches begin pitching instruction and throwing workouts with pitchers and catchers only (maximum of eight total per day)?

A.      February 15, 2016, which is two weeks prior to the start of spring practices on February 29, 2016.

36.   Q.    During this two-week early window for baseball and softball coaches, how many students are coaches allowed to work with each day?

A.      If non-pitchers and non-catchers, a maximum of two a day.  If pitchers and/or catchers only, a maximum of eight a day.  This maximum applies to a school’s entire coaching staff in that activity.

37.   Q.    During this two-week early window for baseball and softball coaches, are coaches allowed to work with eight pitchers and catchers and two additional students on the same day?

A.      No.  During this timeframe, coaches are allowed to work with a maximum of eight on a single day but all eight must be pitchers and/or catchers, or the coaches may work with two non-pitchers and non-catchers on a single day, but not both.

38.   Q.    During this two-week early window for baseball and softball coaches, are coaches allowed to work with six pitchers and catchers and two additional students, for a total of eight?

A.      No.  During this timeframe, coaches are allowed to work with a maximum of eight on a single day but all eight must be pitchers and/or catchers.  During this timeframe, coaches would be allowed to follow the standard “Rule of Two” and work with two players only on a single day.  These players are not required to be pitchers and/or catchers.

39.   Q.    During this two-week early window for baseball and softball coaches, if coaches are working with pitchers and/or catchers, is live hitting allowed?

A.      No, live hitting is not allowed but a coach is allowed to stand in the batter’s box.

55.   PRACTICE MODEL                                                                                                                                                           (Revised Fall 2015)

Schools and students are required to adhere to the following practice model.

A.       Football

1)       All practices shall allow for water breaks and general acclimatization to hot and/or humid weather.  Ample amounts of water should always be available and a student’s access to water should not be restricted.  In addition, all practices shall follow the fundamentals set forth in the NFHS’s Heat Acclimatization and Heat Illness Prevention Position Statement.  While the risk of heat illness is greatly dependent upon weather conditions, the fundamentals in the NFHS’s Heat Acclimatization and Heat Illness Prevention Position Statement promote safety and minimize injury risk in any setting.

2)       Teams shall have two weeks of practice prior to playing in a jamboree and three weeks of practice prior to playing in an interscholastic contest.

3)       Students may participate in multiple practice sessions per day, but not on consecutive days.

a)       Single Practice Session.  No single practice session shall be longer than three hours, including warm-up and cool down.  On days with a single practice session, students are limited to a maximum of one hour of weight training either before or after practice but not both.

b)       Multiple Practice Sessions.  On days with multiple practice sessions, students shall not engage in more than five hours of total practice, including warm-up and cool down.  No single practice session shall be longer than three hours, including warm-up and cool down.  There must be at least three hours of recovery time between the end of one practice session and the beginning of the next practice session on a day with multiple practice sessions.  During this recovery time, students may not engage in other physical activities (e.g. weight training, etc.)

4)       Days in which multiple practice sessions are conducted are subject to the following restrictions:

a)       One practice session of the first two multiple practice session days shall be a teaching session only.  Conditioning drills (gassers, timed runs or sprints) shall not be conducted.

b)       Only one practice of a multiple practice session day may include Full contact (defined below as Thud and Live Action).

5)       At the beginning of football practice each year, every student shall be required to have two days of helmet only practices.  During this period, the only optional pieces of protective equipment that may be worn by individuals are shoes and helmets.  No other pads (e.g. shoulder, knee, thigh, hip and rib) are to be worn.  During helmet only practice, no full contact drills or any other activity may occur which would result in a player completing a tackle, or being blocked or tackled to the ground.  This policy does not preclude light contact with blocking sleds and tackling dummies.  However, it is strongly recommended that any such contact be carefully controlled. 

6)       Following two days of helmet only practices, students may wear helmets and shoulder pads on Day 3.  On this day, the only optional pieces of protective equipment that may be worn by individuals are shoes, shoulder pads and helmets.  No other pads (e.g. knee, thigh, hip and rib) are to be worn.  During helmet/shoulder pad practice, no full contact drills or any other activity may occur which would result in a player completing a tackle, or being blocked or tackled to the ground.  This policy does not preclude light contact with blocking sleds and tackling dummies.  However, it is strongly recommended that any such contact be carefully controlled. 

7)       Following two days of helmet only and one day of helmet/shoulder pad practices, a student may participate in a contact practice.  During a contact practice the remainder of the football gear as described in the NFHS Football Rule Book may be worn and activity is not restricted with regard to contact.  A school shall not permit an individual to participate in a contact practice unless that individual has had at least two days of helmet only and one day of helmet/shoulder pad practice.  Contact with another person on the fourth and fifth days should be controlled.

8)       Beginning the third week of Football practice (Week 9 on NFHS Standardized Calendar) students may participate in three days of full contact each week, excluding games.  A maximum of 90 minutes of Full Contact combined is allowed during these three days.  Full contact is defined as follows:

a)       Thud – Drill is run at assigned speed through the moment of contact, no predetermined “winner.”  Contact remains above the waist, players stay on their feet and a quick whistle ends the drill.  This applies to simulations and drills involving any number of players.

b)       Live Action – Drill is run in game-like conditions and is the only time that players are taken to the ground.  This applies to simulations and drills involving any number of players.

9)       A student may not practice or participate in a contest for more than six consecutive days without a rest day.  A rest day must be complete rest – no organized team physical activity is allowed.  Travel is allowed on a rest day.

10)   A student shall become eligible to participate in a jamboree or interscholastic contest after completing a minimum of nine days of actual on-field practice.

B.       Cross Country, Soccer, Volleyball

1)       All practices shall allow for water breaks and general acclimatization to hot and/or humid weather.  Ample amounts of water should always be available and a student’s access to water should not be restricted.  In addition, all practices shall follow the fundamentals set forth in the NFHS’s Heat Acclimatization and Heat Illness Prevention Position Statement.  While the risk of heat illness is greatly dependent upon weather conditions, the fundamentals in the NFHS’s Heat Acclimatization and Heat Illness Prevention Position Statement promote safety and minimize injury risk in any setting.

2)       Students may participate in multiple practice sessions per day, but not on consecutive days.

a)       Single Practice Session.  No single practice session shall be longer than three hours, including warm-up and cool down.  On days with a single practice session, students are limited to a maximum of one hour of weight training either before or after practice but not both.

b)       Multiple Practice Sessions.  On days with multiple practice sessions, students shall not engage in more than five hours of total practice, including warm-up and cool down.  No single practice session shall be longer than three hours, including warm-up and cool down.  There must be at least three hours of recovery time between the end of one practice session and the beginning of the next practice session on a day with multiple practice sessions.  During this recovery time, students may not engage in other physical activities (e.g. weight training, etc.).

3)       The second practice session of the first two multiple practice days shall be a teaching session only.  Conditioning drills (gassers, timed runs or sprints) shall not be conducted.

4)       A student may not practice or participate in a contest for more than six consecutive days without a rest day.  A rest day must be complete rest – no organized team physical activity is allowed.  Travel is allowed on a rest day.

C.       All other sports (Cheerleading, Swimming, Wrestling, Basketball, Dance/Drill, Golf, Tennis, Track & Field, Baseball, Softball)

1)       All practices shall allow for water breaks and general acclimatization to hot and/or humid weather.  Ample amounts of water should always be available and a student’s access to water should not be restricted.  In addition, all practices shall follow the fundamentals set forth in the NFHS’s Heat Acclimatization and Heat Illness Prevention Position Statement.  While the risk of heat illness is greatly dependent upon weather conditions, the fundamentals in the NFHS’s Heat Acclimatization and Heat Illness Prevention Position Statement promote safety and minimize injury risk in any setting.

2)       A student may not practice or participate in a contest for more than six consecutive days without a rest day.  A rest day must be complete rest – no organized team physical activity is allowed.  Travel is allowed on a rest day.

1.       Q.    Can the one-hour weight training session allowed on single practice days be conducted both prior to practice and after practice if players only participate in one of the weight training sessions?

A.      Yes, multiple one-hour weight training sessions may be held but individual players are limited to participation in a single session.

2.       Q.    Is the one-hour weight training session allowed on single practice days required to be “immediately” prior to and after the practice?

A.      No, the training session does not have to immediately precede or follow the scheduled practice.

3.       Q.    Is the one-hour weight training session allowed on single practice days also allowed on multiple practice days?

A.      No, weight training conducted on multiple practice days counts toward the daily five-hour practice limit.

4.       Q.    On single practice days may coaches conduct classroom-training sessions that would involve no physical activity?

A.      Yes, classroom instruction that requires no physical activity is allowed and does not count towards the daily five-hour practice limit.

5.       Q.    Is classroom instruction with no physical activity allowed during the required three-hour recovery period between multiple practices?

A.      Yes, classroom instruction that requires no physical activity is allowed during the recovery period.

6.       Q.    A team plans to conduct multiple practices on a single day but wants to reduce the length of each practice to 90 minutes.  Can the team reduce the required recovery time of three hours between practice sessions because they have used less than the maximum practice time allowed?

A.      No, the three-hour recovery period between practices is required regardless of practice length.

7.       Q.    Are multiple practices on a single day required for all Fall teams?

A.      No, teams are not required to have multiple practices on a single day.  If multiple practices are conducted, the second practice of the first two multiple practices days is a teaching session only.

8.       Q.    What is the definition of a “teaching session”?

A.      During a teaching session the intensity, duration, and pace of all practice components shall be modified from a normal practice session.  The focus of a teaching session should be directed at developing skills fundamental to the sport at a significantly reduced pace.  In Football, light contact with bags is allowed but full contact situations are prohibited.  Practice components in all activities intended to develop skills while conditioning the athlete at the same time are not allowed.  Coaches are encouraged to use this teaching only session to address offensive and defensive strategies, skill development drills and other types of team building activities that do not involve conditioning.

9.       Q.    How do you calculate practice time for multiple sport athletes participating in more than one Fall sport?

A.      Practice hours are cumulative.  On a single practice day, the three-hour practice limit may be split between the two sports but the total practice time, including any breaks, must fit within the three-hour limit.  On a multiple practice day, the daily five-hour practice limit may be split between the two sports but all required recovery periods must be implemented.  Any participation for a fraction of a half hour counts as a half hour towards the daily practice limit.

10.   Q.    If Fall multiple sport athletes practice one hour with the Football team and two hours with the Soccer team are they required to have a recovery period between the two practices?

A.      No, this is considered to be one three-hour practice and no recovery period is required.  If the combined practice time, including any breaks, exceeds three hours then a three-hour recovery is required.

11.   Q.    If a team practices for 1 hour 15 minutes, takes a 30 min break, and resumes for 1 hour and 15 minutes, does this constitute a multiple practice day or one three-hour practice?

A.      This would constitute one three-hour practice.  Teams are allowed to have periodic breaks but may not exceed the maximum practice time of three hours, including all breaks within the schedule.

56.   RECORDS RETENTION                                                                                                                                                                 (Fall 2000)

It shall be the policy of the Association to maintain school records and records concerning student eligibility for a period of five years, after which time they shall be destroyed unless a need exists to maintain records of a particular matter or case for a longer time period.

57.   REPORTING SCHEDULES AND RESULTS                                                                                                                      (Revised Fall 2015)

  1. Schedules